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Choice of Sunscreen
防晒霜--肌肤的好朋友

ROWLAND
Searching, searching, searching. For what? The perfect sunscreen. SPF 15, 30, 45. UVA, UVB.Parsol 1789. Zinc oxide. What does it all mean? We asked dermatologist Dr. Rutledge Forney to help us cope with the sun. Look at all these sunscreens here, a pretty good selection?
罗兰德
找啊找。找什么呢?理想的防晒霜。SPF值15,30,45,UVA, UVB, Parsol 1789, 氧化锌,这些都表示什么意思?为此,我们请来了皮肤科医生茹特莱治·福内帮助我们对抗炎炎烈日。看看这里这么多的防晒霜,选哪种比较好呢?

DR. RUTLEDGE FORNEY, DERMATOLOGIST
There's a lot here to choose from, isn't there?
茹特莱治·福内,皮肤科医生
这里可选用的防晒霜品种很多,不是吗?

ROWLAND
A good starting point, SPF, sun protection factor. Take a look at Blue Lizard over here. We have the 30 right next to a banana boat with 15. So which one do you go for?
罗兰德
一个好的着手点是SPF值,太阳保护指数。看一下这个"蓝蜥蜴"。它的SPF值为15,而"香蕉船"右边的防晒霜值SPF为30。你会选择哪一个?

FORNEY
Well, I advise all my patients for any sort of direct sun exposure in sports or gardening or anything by the beach that they use a 30 or higher.
福内
好吧,我给病人的建议是:如果因为运动,做园艺,或身处海滩而令自己直接暴露于太阳之下,那就要使用SPF值为30或者数值更高的防晒霜。

ROWLAND
We need the higher SPF, she says, because most of us don't put enough on, or put it on often enough. We hear about UVA, UVB. What's the difference? And does it matter if we have protection against both?
罗兰德
她说,我们需要SPF值更高的防晒霜,因为我们中的大多数人常常涂抹时不够量或不够次数。我们听说过UVA与UVB这两种紫外线。但它们有什么区别呢?让皮肤远离它们对我来说真的那么重要吗?

FORNEY
UVB protects against burning, and UVA protects against aging. And of course, you want to have both levels of protection.
福内
UVB 防晒霜防止皮肤灼伤,而UVA防晒霜对抗皮肤老化。当然,你会希望同时拥有这两方面的皮肤保护。

ROWLAND
That's worth repeating. UVB rays burn and cause melanoma skin cancer. The higher the SPF rating, the more you block those deadly rays. UVA ages us, gives us wrinkles. Ninety-five percent of the sun's rays are UVA. They don't burn, but they do damage skin. Is there any system to know how much protection you're getting against the UVA?
罗兰德
有必要再强调一下。UVB射线会灼伤皮肤,并且导致恶性黑素瘤。防晒霜的SPF值越高,就能越多地阻隔这种致命射线。UVA射线则令我们的皮肤老化,产生皱纹。95%的太阳光线都是UVA射线。它们不会灼伤皮肤,但确实会对皮肤造成损害。有没有一种方法可以帮你了解对UVA的防护达到什么程度?

FORNEY
Not yet, And that's why we know that Parsol 89 is very effective against UVA.
福内
还没有,同时我们知道Parsol 89 可以有效对抗UVA。

ROWLAND
So is zinc. Let's talk about men. Men don't like putting on sunscreen, do they?
罗兰德
锌也有同样的效果。让我们来关心一下男士们吧。男士不喜欢抹防晒霜,对吧?

FORNEY
They don't like putting anything on.
福内
他们不喜欢抹任何东西。

ROWLAND
So if for my husband, what would you suggest here. Or somebody has a teenage son, and they're trying to get him to put on some sunscreen?
罗兰德
那么你会建议我丈夫使用哪种防晒霜呢?还有那些十几岁孩子的家长们,他们总是绞尽脑汁想让孩子们涂上一些防晒霜。

FORNEY
There are dry lotion sunscreens and fast drying.
福内
可以选择那些干性防晒霜,抹上以后很快就会干。

ROWLAND
As for kids, find something that makes them want to put it on. Here, parents deserve kudos.
罗兰德
至于孩子吗,选择那些他们愿意涂抹的防晒霜。这,就要看父母的本事了。

FORNEY
We really are finding, particularly with kids, they say they don't give me a history of having had blistering sunburns, because parents have really been aware of this, and pediatricians have been talking about it.
福内
我们确实发现,特别是那些孩子,他们说他们的身上没有晒伤的痕迹,因为父母们真的很注意他们的皮肤防晒,而儿科医生也在不停地说着这个问题。

ROWLAND
However, Dr. Forney gives a new warning to parents: Keep your kids away from tanning beds. They beam UVA rays, enough of them that skin cancer, at least the less deadly type, is up dramatically among teens and those in their 20s. So, is there a perfect sunscreen? The perfect one is the one you like enough to use.
罗兰德
然而,福内医生向父母们提出了一个新警告:让孩子们远离制造古铜肤色的设备。它会导致UVA 的直射,当UVA足够多时,就会引发皮肤癌,虽然也是不致命的那种,而这种情况在青少年以及20多岁的青年人中呈显著上升趋势。如此说来,还有没有完美的防晒霜呢?完美的防晒霜就是你最喜欢用的那种。

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