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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A:  At an Elementary School

MARTIN: Excuse me. Where is the principal's office?
BOY: Go straight ahead, then turn left.
MARTIN: Thanks. Good morning. I'm Martin Learner.
TINA: Oh, You're the reporter. I'm Tina Good place. I'm Mrs. Weaver's secretary.
MARTIN: How are you?
TINA: Fine, thanks. Come with me. Mrs. Weaver is in the cafeteria.
TINA: Where are you from, Mr. Learner.
MARTIN: I live in Baltimore.
TINA: Classes begin at 8:15. Here we are. Come in.
MARTIN: Thanks.
TINA: Mrs. Weaver. This is Martin Learner.
MARTIN: Good morning, Mrs. Weaver. I'm happy to meet you.
MRS. WEAVER: Thank you. How are you?
MARTIN: Fine, thanks. How are you?
MRS. WEAVER: Fine, thanks. Please. Sit down. Would you like coffee?MARTIN: Yes, please.
MRS WEAVER: Goodbye, Mr. Learner.
MARTIN: Goodbye. Thank you for your time.
TINA: Milk? Sugar?
MARTIN: No, thanks.
MRS WEAVER: You're a reporter?
MARTIN: Yes. I report news on the radio. I work at the Voice of America.MRS WEAVER: That's interesting. I'm the principal. I'm a teacher, too. I teach 
art.
MARTIN: Wonderful!
MRS WEAVER: Come see the children.
MARTIN: Thank you.
HAL: Hello, Helen.
MRS WEAVER: Good morning HAL, Mr. Learner, this is Hal Marks.
MARTIN: Hello. Are you a teacher?
HAL: Yes. I teach the fifth grade. Are you a teacher?
MARTIN: No. I'm a reporter. I report news on the Voice of America.
HAL: Good. Come see my fifth grades.
MARTIN: Thanks.

Practice 1:某些实义动词在词尾加er或or构成一个名词,成为执行该动作的人或物。
Examples:  MARTIN: I'm a reporter. I report.
MRS WEAVER: I'm a teacher. I teach.
HAL: I'm a teacher. I teach.

会话A : 在一所小学
马    丁:对不起,请问校长办公室在哪儿?
男    孩:一直向前走,然后向左拐。
马    丁:谢谢。早上好,我叫马丁·勒纳。
蒂    娜:哦,你是那位记者,我叫蒂娜·古德普雷斯,我是韦弗夫人的秘书。
马    丁:你好吗?
蒂    娜:很好,谢谢,跟我来,韦弗夫人在自助餐厅。
蒂    娜:勒纳先生,你是哪儿的人?
马    丁:我住在巴尔的摩。
蒂    娜:8点15分开始上课,我们到了。请进。
马    丁:谢谢。
蒂    娜:韦弗夫人,这位是马丁·勒纳。
马    丁:早上好,韦弗夫人。幸会。
韦弗夫人:谢谢,你好吗?
马    丁:很好,谢谢,你好吗?
韦弗夫人:很好,谢谢,请坐,你要咖啡吗?
马    丁:好,请。
蒂    娜:再见,勒纳先生。
马    丁:再见,谢谢你为我花的时间。
韦弗夫人:加牛奶还是糖?
马    丁:不用,谢谢。
韦弗夫人:你是记者吗?
马    丁:是的,我在电台报导新闻,我在“美国之音”工作。
韦弗夫人:很有趣的工作,我是校长,也是教师,我教美术。
马    丁:好极了!
韦弗夫人:来看看孩子们吧!
马    丁:谢谢。
哈    尔:你好,海伦。
韦弗夫人:早上好,哈尔。勒纳先生,这是哈尔·马可斯。
马    丁:你好,你是教师吗?
哈    尔:是的,我教五年级,你是教师吗?
马    丁:不是,我是记者,在“美国之音”报导新闻。
哈    尔:很好,来看看五年级同学。
马    丁:谢谢。

Conversation B : In the Classroom

HAL: Here we are. Come in.
MARTIN: Hi. I'm Martin Learner.
ROBERTA: Hi.
MARTIN: Who are you?
ROBERTA: Roberta. What's that?
MARTIN: It's a tape recorder. Listen.
MARTIN: Tell me your name.
ROBERTA: Roberta Miller.
MARTIN: Where do you live?
ROBERTA: I live at 34 Harrison Street.
MARTIN: What's that, Roberta?
ROBERTA: It's a map. We're studying geography. It's a map of Europe.MARTIN: Thank you. Let's listen to that.
ROBERTA: Roberta Miller.
MARTIN: Where do you live?
ROBERTA: I live at 34 Harrison Street.
MARTIN: What's that, Roberta?
ROBERTA: It's a map. We're studying geography. It's a map of Europe.MARTIN: Hello. Who are you?
JANE: I'm Jane. Who are you?
MARTIN: I'm Martin. I'm a reporter.
HAL: Mr. Learner reports the news on the radio.
MARTIN: I report the news on the Voice of America. What's that, Jane?JANE: It's Europe.
MARTIN: What country is that?
JANE: It's...It's Poland?
HAL: That's right. What's that?
JANE: It's Hungary.
HAL: Good. Can you spell Hungary?
JANE: H-u-n-g-a-r-y.
MARTIN: Thank you, Jane.
HAL: Martin, come see these students.
MARTIN: Hello.
BOY: Hi.
GIRL: Hi.
MARTIN: May I record you?
BOY: Sure.
GIRL: OK.
BOY: What's that?
MARTIN: It's a tape recorder.
BOY: It's very big!
MARTIN: I'm a reporter. I report news on the radio. I need a good tape recorder.
BOY: Oh.
MARTIN: What's that you're studying?
GIRL: It's a globe.
MARTIN: What's a globe?
GIRL: It's a map. It's a map shaped like the world.
MARTIN: What are you studying?
BOY: Geography.
GIRL: We're studying Europe.
MARTIN: I see. Show me Europe.
BOY: Here.
MARTIN: Please show me Germany.
GIRL: Here.
MARTIN: Please show me Italy.
BOY: Here.
MARTIN: Please show me Denmark.
BOY: Is it here?
MARTIN: Yes. Show me Russia.
GIRL: It's an old globe. It's here, I think.
BOY: It's here, I think.
MARTIN: Look here. It's right here.
HAL: Mr. Learner, come here please. This is Robin and Melissa.
MARTIN: Show me your book, please. Who is that?
ROBIN: He's a driver.
MELISSA: He drives a truck in Germany.
MARTIN: Who is that?
MELISSA: She's a teacher.
ROBIN: She teaches school in Greece.
MARTIN: Who is that?
ROBIN: She's a writer.
MELISSA: She writes stories.
MARTIN: What's that?
MELISSA: It's a school in Poland.
MARTIN: What's that?
ROBIN: It's a factory in Hungary.
MARTIN: Thank you. I like your book.

Practice 2:当我们想知道某物的名称时我们问:
What's that(this)? 那(这)是什么?
回答是 It's a...
Examples:  BOY: What's that?
MARTIN: It's a road.

会话B : 在教室

哈  尔:我们到了,请进。
马  丁:你好,我叫马丁·勒纳。
罗伯塔:你好。
马  丁:你叫什么名字?
罗伯塔:罗伯塔。那是什么?
马  丁:那是录音机,听。
马  丁:说出你的名字。
罗伯塔:罗伯塔·米勒。
马  丁:你住在哪?
罗伯塔:我住在哈里森街34号。
马  丁:那是什么,罗伯塔。
罗伯塔:那是张地图,我们在学地理,这是欧洲地图。
马  丁:谢谢。我们听听这段。
罗伯塔:罗伯塔·米勒。
马  丁:你住在哪?
罗伯塔:我住哈里森街34号。
马  丁:那是什么,罗伯塔?
罗伯塔:那是张地图,我们在学地理,这是欧洲地图。
马  丁:你好,你叫什么?
简    :我叫简,你叫什么?
马  丁:我叫马丁。我是记者。
哈  尔:勒纳先生在电台报导新闻。
马  丁:我在“美国之音”节目中报导新闻,简,那是什么?
简    :那是欧洲。
马  丁:那是哪个国家?
简    :那是,那是波兰。
哈  尔:对,那是哪个国家?
简    :是匈牙利。
哈  尔:好,你能拼写一下匈牙利吗?
简    :匈-牙-利。
马  丁:谢谢,简。
哈  尔:马丁,过来看这些学生。
马  丁:你好!
男  孩:你好!
女  孩:你好!
马  丁:我可以给你们录音吗?
男  孩:当然可以。
女  孩:好。
男  孩:那是什么?
马  丁:那是录音机。
男  孩:很大啊!
马  丁:我是记者,在电台报导新闻,需要一台好的录音机。
男  孩:哦!
马  丁:你在研究什么?
女  孩:这是个地球仪。
马  丁:什么是地球仪?
女  孩:它是张地图,是一张地球形状的地图。
马  丁:你在学习什么?
男  孩:学地理。
女  孩:我们在学习欧洲。
马  丁:我明白了,请给我指出欧洲。
男  孩:在这儿。
马  丁:请指出德国。
女  孩:在这儿。
马  丁:请指出意大利。
男  孩:在这儿。
马  丁:请指出丹麦。
女  孩:是这儿吗?
男  孩:是的,请指出俄国。
女  孩:我的是个旧的地球仪,我想俄国在这儿。
男  孩:我想在这儿。
马  丁:看这儿,就在这儿。
哈  尔:勒纳先生,请过来,这是罗宾和梅利莎。
马  丁:请让我看一看你的画册,那是谁?
罗  宾:他是司机。
梅利莎:他在德国开卡车。
马  丁:那是谁?
梅利莎:她是老师。
罗  宾:她在希腊教书。
马  丁:那是谁?
罗  宾:她是个作家。
梅利莎:她写小说。
马  丁:那是什么?
梅利莎:波兰的一所学校。
马  丁:那是什么?
罗  宾:匈牙利一家工厂。
马  丁:谢谢。我喜欢你的书。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

unfamiliar   adj. 陌生的
elementary   adj. 基础的
principa   n. 校长
secretary   n. 秘书
cafeteria   n. 自助餐厅
geography   n. 地理
picture book   n. 画册
truck     n.卡车

Proper Nouns 专有名词
Europe   欧洲
Hungary   匈牙利
Germany   德国
Italy   意大利
Denmark   丹麦
Russia   俄罗斯
Greece   希腊


Language Points 语言要点

1. Are you a teacher? 你是老师吗?
这是一个一般疑问句,它的结构是“be+主语+表词”,即,将陈述句中系动词放在句首,例如:
Is he a reporter? 他是记者吗?
Is she a designer? 她是设计师吗?
2. I report news on the Voice of America. 我在“美国之音”报导新闻。
on 是表示“通过……”的意思。


Cultural Notes  文化注释

美国的学校主要有两种:一种是公立学校(public school),是由政府兴办的。另一种是私立学校(private school),是由私人或社会团体(包括基督教会、犹太教会,或其他一些宗教团体)兴办的。目前有4,300万中小学生在公立学校就读,约有600万学生在私立学校就读。每年有1,200万人进入大学学习。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物