旺旺首页 > 英语 > 俱乐部 > 初级美语(English USA) > Lesson 16 Talking About Where People Work 谈论人们的工作场所
更新时间:2005/3/29
 » Download Audio

Conversation A : In a Small Town

MARTIN: Good afternoon. I'm Martin Learner.
ASSISTANT: Good afternoon, Mr. Learner. I'm Mayor Walker's assistant. The Mayor is expecting you. Please go in.
MARTIN: Thank you. Good afternoon, Mayor Walker.
MAYOR: Hello. How are you?
MARTIN: Fine, thanks, How are you?
MAYOR: Fine, thanks. What can I do for you?
MARTIN: I'm a reporter. I want to talk about the work people do in this town.MAYOR: Fine.
MARTIN: How long have you been mayor of Greentown?
MAYOR: Three years.
MARTIN: How many people live in Greentown?
MAYOR: Thirteen thousand.
MARTIN: Let's talk about the work people do. What do they do?
MAYOR: They work in small factories. They work in small businesses.MARTIN: How many factories do you have?
MAYOR: We have five small factories.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: Look at these pictures. See these people?
MARTIN: Yes.
MAYOR: They work in the battery factory. They make batteries.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They work in the tire factory. They make tires.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They work in the glass factory. They make windows and windshields.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They make bottles. And they make plastic bags. Come see the town.
MARTIN: Thank you, I'd like that.
MAYOR: Do you see those people? They work on the roads and streets.MARTIN: I see. How many teachers do you have?
MAYOR: About one-hundred. They teach in the schools. Look at that school.
MARTIN: Is it a new school?
MAYOR: Yes, it is. Twenty teachers teach in that school.
MARTIN: Is that a hospital?
MAYOR: Yes, it is. It's small. Twenty-three nurses work in the hospital.

Practice 1:询问对方的工作地点,我们通常用:
Where do you work? 你在哪工作?
其回答方式是:“I work+地点介词短语”. 我在……工作。
Examples:  MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in small businesses.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in the battery factory.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in the tire factory.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in the glass factory.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work on the roads and streets.

会话A : 在小镇
马  丁:下午好!我是马丁·勒纳。
助  手:下午好,勒纳先生。我是沃克市长的助手。市长正等你呢!请进。
马  丁:谢谢。下午好。沃克市长。
市  长:你好,你怎么样?
马  丁:很好,谢谢。你怎么样?
市  长:很好,谢谢。我能为你做什么?
马  丁:我是个记者,我想和你谈谈这个城市的人们所做的工作。
市  长:好的。
马  丁:你担任格林市市长有多久了?
市  长:3年了。
马  丁:格林市有多少居民?
市  长:一万三千人。
马  丁:让我们谈谈他们的工作吧。他们都做什么工作呢?
市  长:他们在小工厂里上班。他们在小企业上班。
马  丁:你们有多少厂子?
市  长:我们有5个小厂。
马  丁:生产什么?
市  长:看看这些照片,看到这些人了?
马  丁:是的。
市  长:他们在电池厂工作,生产电池。
马  丁:他们做什么?
市  长:他在轮胎厂工作,生产轮胎。
马  丁:他们生产什么?
市  长:他们在玻璃厂工作,生产窗玻璃和挡风玻璃。
马  丁:他们生产什么?
市  长:他们生产瓶子。他们生产塑料袋。来看看这座城市。
马  丁:谢谢。我很愿意。
市  长:看到那些人了吗?他们在街道上作业。
马  丁:我看到了。你们有多少教师?
市  长:大约100。他们在学校教书。看那所学校。
马  丁:是所新学校吗?
市  长:是的。有20名教师在那里教书。
马  丁:那是个医院吗?
市  长:是的。小医院。有23名护士。

Conversation B

MARTIN: Mayor Walker, how many small businesses do you have?
MAYOR: About two-hundred twenty. People work in stores and shops. They work in banks. They work in restaurants and bars. They work in the Post Office. They work in bakeries.
MARTIN: What do they make in the bakeries?
MAYOR: They bake bread and cakes. Do you see that man there?
MARTIN: Yes.
MAYOR: He's a writer.
MARTIN: Where does he write?
MAYOR: He writes for the newspaper.
MARTIN: I see a photographer.
MAYOR: Yes, she works for the newspaper.
MARTIN: Who are those women?
MAYOR: They're workers.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work at the plastic factory.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They make plastic bags.
MARTIN: Who are those men?
MAYOR: They're workers too.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work at the tire factory.
MARTIN: Who are they?
MAYOR: They're students.
MARTIN: Where do they study?
MAYOR: They study at the high school.
MARTIN: They're good musicians, too! Who are those children?
MAYOR: They're students, too. They're going to sing.
MAYOR: Do you see those men?
MARTIN: Yes. Who are they?
MAYOR: They're carpenters.
MARTIN: Oh, yes. I see.
MAYOR: We have many carpenters.
MARTIN: Those men work on the roads and streets.
MAYOR: Yes.
MARTIN: Who are those women?
MAYOR: They're workers.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in the glass factory.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They make windows and windshields.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in the bottle factory.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They make bottles.
MARTIN: Where do they work?
MAYOR: They work in the tire factory.
MARTIN: What do they make?
MAYOR: They make tires. Where do you work?
MARTIN: I work at the“Voice of America”. Thank you for your time, Mayor Walker.

Practice 2:再练习一下关于工作和工作地点的对话。
Examples:  MAYOR: He's a writer.           
MARTIN: Where does he write?           
MAYOR: He writes for the newspaper. They are workers.            MARTIN: Where do they work?           
MAYOR: They work at the factory. She's a photographer.            MARTIN: Where does she work?        
MAYOR: She works for the newspaper.

会话B  在小镇

马  丁:沃克市长,你们有多少家小企业。
市  长:大约220家。人们在商店里工作,在银行里工作,
市  长:在餐馆里和酒吧里工作,在邮局工作,在面包店工作。
马  丁:他们在面包店里做什么?
市  长:他们烤面包和蛋糕,你看见那个男的了吗?
马  丁:是的。
市  长:他是个作家。
马  丁:他在哪儿写稿?
市  长:他为一家报纸撰稿。
马  丁:我看见一个摄影师。
市  长:是的,他为报社工作。
马  丁:那些妇女做什么工作?
市  长:她们是工人。
马  丁:她们在哪儿工作?
市  长:她们在塑料厂工作。
马  丁:她们生产什么?
市  长:她们生产塑料袋。
马  丁:那些男子是干什么的?
市  长:他们也是工人。
马  丁:他们在哪儿工作?
市  长:他们在轮胎厂工作。
马  丁:他们是谁?
市  长:他们是学生。
马  丁:他们在哪儿学习?
市  长:他们在高中学习。
马  丁:他们也是优秀的乐手呢!那些孩子是谁?
市  长:他们也是学生,他们正准备唱歌。
市  长:看见那些男子了吗?
马  丁:看见了。他们是谁?
市  长:他们是木匠。
马  丁:噢!是的,我知道了。
市  长:我们这儿有许多木匠。
马  丁:就是那些在马路上工作的人吧。
市  长:是的。
马  丁:那些妇女是干什么的?
市  长:她们是工人。
马  丁:她们在哪儿工作?
市  长:她们在玻璃厂工作。
马  丁:她们生产什么?
市  长:她们制造玻璃窗和挡风玻璃。
马  丁:他们在哪儿工作?
市  长:在制瓶厂。
马  丁:他们生产什么?
市  长:他们生产瓶子。
马  丁:他们在哪儿工作?
市  长:他们在轮胎厂工作。
马  丁:他们生产什么?
市  长:他们生产轮胎,你在哪儿工作?
马  丁:我在美国之音工作。谢谢你为我花的时间,沃克市长。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

mayor   n. 市长
expect   v. 等待,期望
business   n. 企业
battery   n. 电池
tire   n. 轮胎
glass   n. 玻璃
windshield   n. 挡风玻璃
plastic   n. 塑料
bakery   n. 面包房
bake   v. 烤

Language Points 语言要点

1 . The Mayor is expecting you. 市长在等你。
expect 是期待的意思,例如:
I'm expecting a letter from him. 我在盼望他回信。 
2 . I'd like that. 我愿意那样。
I'd=I would
would like 是愿意的意思。


Cultural Notes  文化注释

美国发展成一个富裕的工业化发达国家,与工人的劳动是分不开的,和其它国家的工人相比,美国工人的生活相当富裕。但是新的时代面临着新的问题,高度分工的机械化生产使工作成为单调、无意义的重复劳动,如何改善工作环境和形式,以适应工人心理需要,进而提高生产率,已成为当代社会的一个重要研究课题。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物