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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A : At a Farmer's Meeting

MARTIN: Hello. I'm Martin Learner.
WILT: I'm Wilt Brauer. How are you?
MARTIN: Fine, thanks. How are you?
WILT: Fine, thanks. This is Mrs. Brauer.
MARTIN: Good evening, Mrs. Brauer.
EMILY: I'm Emily. What do you do, Mr. Learner?
MARTIN: I'm a reporter. May I ask some questions?
WILT: Of course.
MARTIN: Are you a farmer?
WILT: Yes, I am.
MARTIN: Are all these men farmers?
WILT: Yes, they are.
EMILY: Some women are farmers, too.
WILT: Emily is a good farmer.
EMILY: Yes, we're both farmers. Would you like some coffee?
MARTIN: Yes, please.
EMILY: Come with me.
MARTIN: Thank you.
EMILY: You're welcome. Have you met Chuck Kessler?
MARTIN: No, I haven't. Hello, how are you?
CHUCK: Fine, thanks. Who are you?
MARTIN: Martin Learner. Are you a farmer?
CHUCK: Oh, yes. We're all farmers.
MARTIN: Where do you live?
CHUCK: I live in the country.
EMILY: He and Mrs. Kessler live in a big house east of here.
MARTIN: Where do you live, Emily?
EMILY: We live south of here. We live in a small house.
CHUCK: Where do you live? Do you live on a farm?
MARTIN: No, I don't. I live in Baltimore. I live in an apartment.
CHUCK: Do you like the city?
MARTIN: Yes. I like the country, too. But my home is in the city.
MARTIN: This is good coffee.
EMILY: Thanks. Have you met Lisa Jankusky?
MARTIN: No, I haven't.
LISA: I'm Lisa. How are you?
MARTIN: Fine, thanks. How are you?
LISA: Fine, thanks.
MARTIN: Are you a farmer?
LISA: No, I'm not. I'm a housewife.
MARTIN: Do you live here in town?
LISA: No, I don't. My home is in the country.
MARTIN: My home is in the city.
LISA: Do you live in a house?
MARTIN: No, I live in an apartment.
LISA: My home is west of here. I live in a big house.
LISA: Hi, Wilt. This is Martin.
MARTIN: We've met. Wilt, where is your house?
WILT: It's south of here.
MARTIN: May I visit your farm?
WILT: Of course. Can you come on Monday?
MARTIN: No, I can't.
WILT: Can you come on Tuesday?
MARTIN: Yes. I want to ask you some questions on Tuesday.
WILT: OK. Good-bye.
LISA: Good-bye, Wilt. Hi, Eric. This is Martin.
ERIC: Hi. I'm Eric Jankusky.
MARTIN: Are you Lisa's husband?
ERIC: Yes, I am.
MARTIN: Are you a farmer?
ERIC: Yes, I am. All these men are farmers.

Practice 1:下面是一些关于“家”的对话,学习它们的问答方式。
Examples:  MARTIN: Do you live in the city?           
EMILY: No, I don't. My home is in the country.           
MARTIN: Do you live in a house?          
EMILY: Yes, I do.          
            LISA: Do you live in the country?           
MARTIN: No, I don't. I live in the city.           
LISA: Do you live in a house?           
MARTIN: No, I don't. I live in an apartment.

会话A : 拜访农家
马  丁:你好,我叫马丁·勒纳。
威尔特:我叫威尔特·布劳沃。你好吗?
马  丁:很好,谢谢。你好吗?
威尔特:很好,谢谢。这是布劳沃夫人。
马  丁:晚上好。布劳沃夫人。
艾米莉:我叫艾米莉。勒纳先生,你做什么工作?
马  丁:我是记者。我能问些问题吗?
威尔特:当然。
马  丁:你是农民吗?
威尔特:是的。
马  丁:这些男士也是农民吗?
威尔特:是的。
艾米莉:一些妇女也是农民。
威尔特:艾米莉是个很好的农民。
艾米莉:是的,我们俩都是农民。喝点咖啡吗?
马  丁:好的。
艾米莉:跟我来。
马  丁:谢谢。
艾米莉:不客气,你见过查克·凯斯勒吗?
马  丁:没有。你好吗?
查  克:很好,谢谢。你叫什么?
马  丁:马丁·勒纳。你是个农民吗?
查  克:噢,是的,我们都是农民。
马  丁:你在哪儿住?
查  克:我在农村住。
艾米莉:他和凯斯勒夫人住在离这儿东边的一所大房子里。
马  丁:你在哪儿住,艾米莉?
艾米莉:我住在这儿的南边。我住在一所小房子里。
查  克:你住哪儿?你住在农场吗?
马  丁:不。我住在巴尔的摩。我住在一所公寓里。
查  克:你喜欢城市吗?
马  丁:是的。我也喜欢农村。但我家在城市里。
马  丁:这咖啡很不错。
艾米莉:谢谢。你见过丽莎·詹库斯基吗?
马  丁:没有。
丽  莎:我叫丽莎。你好吗?
马  丁:很好。谢谢。你好吗?
丽  莎:很好,谢谢。
马  丁:你是个农民吗?
丽  莎:不是。我是个家庭妇女。
马  丁:你住在这个城镇里吗?
丽  莎:不。我家在农村。
马  丁:我家在城里。
丽  莎:你住在一栋房子里吗?
马  丁:不,我住在公寓里。
丽  莎:我家在这儿的西边。我住在一所大房子里。
丽  莎:你好,威尔特。这是马丁。
马  丁:我们见过面,威尔特,你的房子在哪儿?
威尔特:在这儿的南边。
马  丁:我能参观你的农场吗?
威尔特:当然可以,你能在星期一来吗?
马  丁:不行。
威尔特:星期二来行吗?
马  丁:好的,我想在星期二问你些问题。
威尔特:好的,再见。
丽  莎:再见,威尔特。你好,埃里克,这是马丁。
埃里克:你好,我叫埃里克·詹库斯基。
马  丁:你是丽莎的丈夫吗?
埃里克:是的。
马  丁:你是农民吗?
埃里克:是的,所有这些人都是农民。

Conversation B

WILT: Here we are. This is our home. Come inside the house. Emily!?EMILY: Good morning.
MARTIN: Good morning. How are you today?
EMILY: Fine, thanks.
MARTIN: You have an interesting house.
EMILY: Thank you. It's old.
WILT: It's about one-hundred years old.
EMILY: It's a wonderful home.
MARTIN: Do you have a big farm?
WILT: Yes, it's very big.
MARTIN: Who does all the work?
EMILY: He does.
WILT: No, I don't. She works, too.
MARTIN: Who makes the garden?
WILT: She does.
MARTIN: What do you grow?
EMILY: Now, I have onions and peas.
WILT: She has beans and squash.
EMILY: I'm going to have tomatoes and potatoes.
WILT: And she's going to have corn, too. Come see the farm.
MARTIN: Do you have two tractors?
WILT: Yes, we do. We have a big tractor and a small tractor.
MARTIN: Do you have animals?
WILT: We only have horses.
EMILY: We ride the horses. Can you see the horses?
MARTIN: Yes, I can.
EMILY: We ride over the farm. Can you ride?
MARTIN: No, I can't.
WILT: Yes, you can. Come see the horses.
WILT: You can ride this old horse.
MARTIN: OK.
WILT: We're going to ride over there. Can you ride there?
MARTIN: Maybe.
WILT: We can ride slowly.
MARTIN: OK.
MARTIN: I see corn. What other things do you grow?
WILT: I grow wheat, too. Look there. I grew wheat there last year.
MARTIN: Let's ride there.
WILT: Can you ride there?
MARTIN: Yes, I can. I want to ask more questions.
MARTIN: What's this?
WILT: It's soybeans. Let's ride south of here.
MARTIN: Can we stop here? It's wonderful!
WILT: Look to the west. That's the river.
MARTIN: Yes, I can see the river.
WILT: Now look to the north. Can you see the town?
MARTIN: Yes, I can. Is that your farm?
WILT: No. My farm stops at the river. That farm is Les Danzig's farm.
WILT: He has a small farm.
MARTIN: I can't see a house.
WILT: No, you can't. His home is in town. Can you see my house?
MARTIN: Yes, I can.
WILT: Let's ride there.

Practice 2:  询问对方是否能够做某事常用:Can you+动词原形?
回答用:Yes 或 No.
Examples:  EMILY: Can you see the horse?
MARTIN: Yes, I can.
EMILY: Can you ride?
MARTIN: No, I can't.
WILT: Yes, you can. You can ride this old horse.
WILT: We can ride slowly.

会话B

威尔特:到了。这是我们的家。请到屋里来。艾米莉!
艾米莉:早上好。
马  丁:早上好,你今天好吗?
艾米莉:很好,谢谢。
马  丁:你有一所很好的房子。
艾米莉:谢谢。房子很旧。
威尔特:大概有100年的历史了。
艾米莉:这是一个很棒的家。
马  丁:你有一个大农场吗?
威尔特:是的,很大。
马  丁:所有活都由谁来做?
艾米莉:他做。
威尔特:不,不是。她也做。
马  丁:谁来整理花园。
威尔特:她整理。
马  丁:你们都种些什么?
艾米莉:现在我们种圆葱和豌豆。
威尔特:她种豆和南瓜。
艾米莉:我打算种西红市和土豆。
威尔特:她还打算种玉米,来看农场吧。
马  丁:你有两台拖拉机吗?
威尔特:是的,我们有一台大的和一台小的拖拉机。
马  丁:你们有牲畜吗?威尔特:我们只有马。
艾米莉:我们骑马。看见那些马了吗?
马  丁:是的,看见了。
艾米莉:我们在农场骑马,你会骑马吗?
马  丁:不,不会。
威尔特:可以,你能骑的,来看看这些马。
威尔特:你可以骑这匹老马。
马  丁:好吧。
威尔特:我们骑到那边去,你能骑到那里吗?
马  丁:也许吧。
威尔特:我们可以慢点骑。
马  丁:好的。
马  丁:我看见玉米了。你还种什么?
威尔特:我也种小麦。看那儿。去年我在那儿种小麦。
马  丁:让我们骑到那儿吧。
威尔特:你能骑到那儿吗?
马  丁:能,我想再问一些问题。
马  丁:这是什么?
威尔特:这是黄豆。我们往南骑吧。
马  丁:我们能在这停一下吗?真是太美了。
威尔特:往西边看。那是一条河。
马  丁:是的,我看见了。
威尔特:你现在往北看。看见城镇了吗?
马  丁:看见了,那是你的农场吗?
威尔特:不。我的农场就到河边为止。那个农场是莱斯·丹齐格的。
威尔特:他有一个小农场。
马  丁:我怎么看不见房屋。
威尔特:是的,看不见。他家住在城里,你能看见我的房子吗?
马  丁:是的。
威尔特:我们骑到那儿去。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

squash   n. 南瓜,瓜类
tomato   n. 番茄
potato   n. 马铃薯
wheat   n. 小麦

Language Points 语言要点

I live south of here. 我在这儿的南边住。
south of here 这儿的南边。其中 south 是副词,意为“在南边,向南”。here  在这里是名词而不是副词,类似的词组还有 west of here, east of here, north of here 等。

Cultural Notes  文化注释

美国大约有250万个农场,大多数农场只生产一两种商业性产品,比如:玉米、鸡蛋或牛奶。美国是世界上最大的玉米生产国,玉米也是美国产量最大的谷物,主要产于美国中部的玉米生产带(corn belt)。最初种玉米的是美洲印第安人,他们称玉米为 maize。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物