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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A : On the Plane

ATTENDANT: Please fasten your seat belt. May I take those for you?MARTIN: Yes, please. Thanks.
ATTENDANT: You're welcome.
MARTIN: Good morning. I'm Martin Learner.
KARL: Good morning. I'm Karl Musholt.
MARTIN: Where are you going?
KARL: I'm going to San Antonio. Where are you going?
MARTIN: I'm going to Dallas.
KARL: Do you live in Dallas?
MARTIN: No, I live in Baltimore. I'm going to write a story.
KARL: About Dallas?
MARTIN: No, I'm going to write a story about football.
KARL: Ah-the Dallas Cowboys.
MARTIN: That's right.
KARL: Do you like airplanes?
MARTIN: Umm-They're OK.
KARL: I don't like airplanes. They make me nervous.
KARL: Do they make you nervous?
MARTIN: No, they don't.
KARL: Do you fly very often?
MARTIN: Yes, I do. I travel very often.
KARL: What do you do?
MARTIN: I'm a reporter. What do you do?
KARL: I'm a coach.
MARTIN: Are you OK?
KARL: Yes. I'm OK.
MARTIN: That wasn't too bad.
ATTENDANT: Would you like something to drink?
KARL: Yes, please.
ATTENDANT: What would you like?
KARL: Coffee.
MARTIN: Coffee, please. What do you coach?
KARL: I coach track. I coach runners.
MARTIN: Where are you from?
KARL: I'm from Germany. But I live in Colorado now.
MARTIN: Do you coach at a university?
KARL: No, I don't. I have a camp for runners.
MARTIN: Do you travel very often?
KARL: Yes. I do.
MARTIN: Do you like to travel?
KARL: Yes, I do. I don't like to fly.
MARTIN: Where do you like to travel?
KARL: I like to visit family.
MARTIN: How do you travel?
KARL: I travel by car very often. My family lives in the West.
MARTIN: Do you like to drive?
KARL: Yes. My children like to drive, too.
KARL: They often drive. Do you like to travel?
MARTIN: I have to travel.
KARL: I have to travel, too.
MARTIN: I like to travel in the country. I live in the city. My home is in Baltimore.
KARL: My home is in the country. My camp is in the country. How do you travel
MARTIN: I travel by train very often.

Practice 1:用 how 来提问旅行方式。常用结构是:How do you travel?Examples:  MARTIN: How do you travel?           
KARL: I travel by car very often. How do you travel?           
MARTIN: I travel by train very often.

会话 A : 在飞机上
服务员:请系好安全带,那些我给你拿好吗?
马  丁:好的,请。谢谢。
服务员:不客气。请系好安全带,准备好,要起飞了。
马  丁:早上好,我叫马丁·勒纳。
卡  尔:早上好,我叫卡尔·马肖尔特。
马  丁:你去哪儿?
卡  尔:我去圣安东尼市,你去哪儿?
马  丁:我去达拉斯。
卡  尔:你住在达拉斯?
马  丁:不是,我住在巴尔的摩,我将写篇报导。
卡  尔:有关达拉斯吗?
马  丁:不是,我写篇有关足球的报导。
卡  尔:啊,达拉斯牛仔队。
马  丁:不错。
卡  尔:你喜欢坐飞机吗?
马  丁:嗯,还可以吧。
卡  尔:我不喜欢坐飞机,飞机使我紧张。你坐飞机紧张吗?
马  丁:不紧张。
卡  尔:你常坐飞机吗?
马  丁:是的,我常出差旅行。
卡  尔:你做什么工作?
马  丁:我是记者,你做什么工作?
卡  尔:我是教练。
马  丁:你没事儿吧?
卡  尔:是的,我没事。
马  丁:看起来还可以。
服务员:您要喝些什么吗?
卡  尔:好的。
服务员:您要喝什么?
卡  尔:咖啡。
马  丁:请来杯咖啡。你训练什么?
卡  尔:我训练田径,我训练赛跑运动员。
马  丁:你是哪的人?
卡  尔:我是德国人,但现在我住在科罗拉多。
马  丁:你在大学当教练吗?
卡  尔:不,不是。我是越野运动员。
马  丁:你常出去旅行吗?
卡  尔:是的。
马  丁:你喜欢旅行吗?
卡  尔:喜欢,我不喜欢乘飞机。
马  丁:你喜欢去哪儿。
卡  尔:我喜欢走亲访友。
马  丁:你怎样旅行?
卡  尔:我经常开车旅行,我家住在西部。
马  丁:你喜欢开车吗?
卡  尔:喜欢,我的孩子也喜欢开车,他们经常开车。你喜欢旅行吗?
马  丁:我不得不旅行。
卡  尔:我也不得不旅行。
马  丁:我喜欢去乡下旅行。我住在城市,我家在巴尔的摩。
卡  尔:我家在乡下,我的营地就在乡下,你坐什么旅行?
马  丁:我常坐火车旅行。

Conversation B

ATTENDANT: What are you going to eat?
KARL: Nothing.
ATTENDANT: Would you like more coffee?
KARL: Yes, please.
ATTENDANT: What are you going to eat?
MARTIN: Nothing, thank you.
ATTENDANT: Would you like more coffee?
MARTIN: No, thank you. Do you like coaching?
KARL: Yes, I do.
MARTIN: Were you a runner?
KARL: Yes, I was. I ran in school. I was in the Olympics.
MARTIN: That's interesting.
MARTIN: Where does your family like to travel?
KARL: My wife likes cities. She likes New York and Washington D C. My children like the country. They like rivers and mountains.
MARTIN: You have rivers and mountains in Colorado.
KARL: Oh, yes. But my children like the rivers and mountains in Idaho.MARTIN: My family lives in the East. They like to travel in the West.
KARL: Does your family like to travel by plane?
MARTIN: Yes, they do. They don't travel very often.
KARL: Do they like to travel by train?
MARTIN: Yes, they do. They like to travel by car, too.
KARL: Do you travel by bus?
MARTIN: No, I don't. I live in Baltimore. I work in Washington D C.
MARTIN: The train is very good there.
KARL: We don't have a train.
MARTIN: Do you have a bus?
KARL: No, we don't. We travel by car. My daughter likes to travel by horse.MARTIN: That's very nice in the country.
KARL: It's very slow.
MARTIN: My daughter likes animals.
KARL: Does she like horses?
MARTIN: Yes, she does. We don't have a horse.
KARL: We have four horses.
KARL: Where does you wife like to travel?
MARTIN: She likes to visit her family.
KARL: Where does her family live?
MARTIN: Her mother lives in Indianapolis. Her father lives in Florida.
KARL: Does she have aunts and uncles?
MARTIN: Yes.
KARL: Where do they live?
MARTIN: New York, Boston, Los Angeles.
KARL: Do you visit them?
MARTIN: Yes, we do. My wife likes to visit family.
KARL: How do you travel to Los Angeles?
MARTIN: We travel by plane.
KARL: How do you travel to New York.
MARTIN: We take the train. It's very fast.
KARL: That's nice. How do you travel to Indianapolis?
MARTIN: We travel by car. We like to have the car with us.
ATTENDANT: May I get you something?
KARL: May I have more coffee, please?
ATTENDANT: Of course, May I get you something?
MARTIN: No, thank you.
KARL: I'm going to San Antonio for a track meet.
MARTIN: Do you have runners in the track meet?
KARL: Yes, I do.
MARTIN: How many runners do you have in the meet?
KARL: Only three. They run very well.
MARTIN: How do they travel?
KARL: They travel by plane.
MARTIN: Are they here?
KARL: No, they aren't. They're going to travel on Tuesday. You're going to write about football players. Do you write about runners?
MARTIN: I can write about runners. I write about sports often. I'm going to write about swimming.
KARL: I'm going to travel to the East.
MARTIN: Where are you going?
KARL: First, I'm going to New Jersey.
MARTIN: Come to Baltimore.
KARL: Thanks.

会话 B
服务员:你要吃点什么?
卡  尔:什么也不要。
服务员:您再要些咖啡吗?
卡  尔:是的。
服务员:你要吃些什么?
马  丁:不要了,谢谢。
服务员:您再要些咖啡吗?
马  丁:不要了,谢谢。你喜欢教练工作吗?
卡  尔:是的。
马  丁:你当过赛跑运动员吗?
卡  尔:当过,我在读书时跑过,我参加过奥林匹克运动会。
马  丁:很有趣。
马  丁:你家人喜欢到哪儿旅行?
卡  尔:我妻子喜欢城市,她喜欢纽约和华盛顿特区。我的孩子们喜欢乡下。他们喜欢山脉和河流。
马  丁:科罗拉多有许多河流和山脉。
卡  尔:哦,是的,但我的孩子们喜欢爱德华洲的河流和山脉。
马  丁:我家住在东部,他们喜欢在西部旅行。
卡  尔:你的家人喜欢坐飞机旅行吗?
马  丁:喜欢,他们不常旅行。
卡  尔:他们喜欢乘火车旅行吗?
马  丁:是的,他们也喜欢开车旅行。
卡  尔:你乘公共汽车旅行吗?
马  丁:不,我住在巴尔的摩,我在华盛顿特区工作,那儿的火车很方便。
卡  尔:我们那儿没有火车。
马  丁:你们那儿有公共汽车吗?
卡  尔:没有,我们开车旅行。我女儿喜欢骑马旅行。
马  丁:那在乡下很好。
卡  尔:太慢了。
马  丁:我女儿喜欢动物。
卡  尔:她喜欢马吗?
马  丁:喜欢,我们没有马。
卡  尔:我们有四匹马。
卡  尔:你妻子喜欢去哪儿旅行?
马  丁:她喜欢看望她家人。
卡  尔:她家人住在哪儿?
马  丁:她母亲住在印第安那波利斯,她父亲住在佛罗里达。
卡  尔:她有姑姑和叔叔吗?
马  丁:有。
卡  尔:他们住在哪儿?
马  丁:纽约、波士顿、洛杉矶。
卡  尔:你去看望他们吗?
马  丁:是的,我妻子喜欢走亲访友。
卡  尔:你们怎么去洛杉矶?
马  丁:我们坐飞机去。
卡  尔:你们怎么去纽约?
马  丁:我们坐火车去,火车很快。
卡  尔:很好,你们怎么去印第安那波利斯?
马  丁:我们开车去,我们喜欢开车去。
服务员:您需要什么吗?
卡  尔:再来些咖啡好吗?
服务员:当然,您还需要什么吗?
马  丁:不要了,谢谢。
卡  尔:我去对安东尼参加田径运动会。
马  丁:有你的赛跑运动员参加田径运动会吗?
卡  尔:有。
马  丁:有多少赛跑运动员参加运动会?
卡  尔:只有3名,他们跑得很好。
马  丁:他们怎么去?
卡  尔:他们坐飞机去参赛。
马  丁:他们在这儿吗?
卡  尔:不在,他们星期二出发。你要写有关足球运动员的报导,你写有关赛跑运动员的报导吗?
马  丁:我能写有关赛跑运动员的报导,我经常写有关体育的报导,我将写有关游泳的报导。
卡  尔:我将去东部旅行。
马  丁:你去什么地方?
卡  尔:首先要去新泽西。
马  丁:欢迎你到巴尔的摩来。
卡  尔:谢谢。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

attendant   n. 服务员
fasten   v. 扎牢
seat belt  n. 安全带
be ready for  v. 为……做好准备
take off v.  take off n. 起飞
cowboy   n. 牛仔
nervous   adj. 紧张不安的
coach   n. 教练  v. 训练;辅导
track   n. 田径运动
camp   n. 野营;集训营
the Olympics   n. 奥运会

Proper Nouns 专有名词

San Antonio   圣安东尼市
Germany    德国
Colorado   科罗拉多州
Washington D C   华盛顿特区
Idaho   爱达荷州
Indianapolis   印安那波利斯
Florida   佛罗里达州
New Jersey   新泽西州

Language Points 语言要点

本课中出现的由介词 by 构成的表示旅行方式的短语归纳如下:
by car  乘小汽车   by bus  乘公共汽车
by train  乘火车    by horse  骑马
by plane  乘飞机
类似的介词短语还有:
on foot  步行      by sea  乘船
by air  乘飞机     by ship  乘船

Cultural Notes  文化注释

在美国乘飞机旅行非常方便,价格也比其它任何地方便宜。美国的州际及国际航空公司有几百家,全都是私营,各航空公司之间的竞争很激烈。据国际民航组织1986年统计,美国有3200架民航飞机,占世界总数的五分之一,占世界总航行里程的46.7%,占世界总旅客人数的64.7%。世界上10个最繁忙的机场中,美国占了8个。其顺序排列为:Chicago-O'Hare International(1), Atlanta(2), Los Angeles(3), Dallas-Fort Worth(4), New York-Kennedy International(6), Newark, New Jersey(7), Denver(8)和 San Francisco International(10)。      
在波士顿(Boston)、纽约(New York)和华盛顿(Washington)间的航班,不须预订,不须办理行李手续,甚至不须买票,可直接在飞机上买票,每小时都有航班。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物