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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A : At Yellowstone National Park

GUIDE: Good morning. I'm Judy. I'm your guide. This is Martin. He's a reporter. He's writing a story about visitors to the park. He's going to ask some questions.
MARTIN: Good morning.
GROUP: Good morning. Hi. How are you? Hello.
GUIDE: We are going to walk for three hours this morning. Are you ready?
GROUP: Yes. OK. Let's go.
GUIDE: Please stay together. I want to see all of you. Let's go.
MARTIN: Judy, do you like your work?
GUIDE: Of course. I like the country. I like the forests. I like the mountains and rivers. I like the clean air.
MARTIN: Where are you from?
GUIDE: I'm from Los Angeles. I don't like cities. I don't like hot places.
MARTIN: When did you come here?
GUIDE: Four years ago. I lived in Denver for two years. I didn't like Denver. It's a very big city.
MARTIN: Do you like being a guide?
GUIDE: Very much. I'm outside all day. I don't like being inside.
MARTIN: Where do you live?
GUIDE: I live near the park. Please stay with me.
MARTIN: I'm going to talk to some of the other people. See you later.
MARTIN: Hi. Is this your first visit to the park?
MALE: Yes, it is.
MARTIN: Do you like parks?
MALE: Yes, we like parks. We live in the East, but we like the parks in the West. This is my wife.
MARTIN: Hello. How are you?
FEMALE: Fine, thanks.
MARTIN: What do you like here?
FEMALE: I like the animals.
MARTIN: What don't you like?
FEMALE: I don't like the people.
MALE: There are many people.
FEMALE: I don't like the bugs.
MARTIN: What don't you like?
MALE: I don't like camping.
FEMALE: But I like camping. Do you like camping?
MARTIN: No, I don't like camping.
FEMALE: Men like camping.
MALE: I don't.
MARTIN: I don't.

Practice 1:动词 like 表示“喜欢”,“不喜欢”就是 don't like。
Examples:
GUIDE: I don't like cities.
I don't like hot places.
I don't like Denver.
I don't like being inside.
MARTIN: What don't you like?
FEMALE: I don't like the people.
I don't like bugs.
Do you like camping?
MARTIN: No, I don't like camping.

会话A :在黄石国家公园
导  游:早上好,我叫朱迪。我是你们导游。这是马丁。他是记者,他正在写有关黄石国家公园游客的报导,他将问些问题。
马  丁:早上好。
众    :早上好。你好,你好吗?你好。
导  游:今天上午我们步行游览3小时,你们准备好了吗?
众    :当然了,出发吧,是的,好了。
导  游:请大家会聚在一起,不要散开走失,出发。
马  丁:朱迪,你喜欢你的工作吗?
导  游:当然了,我喜欢乡下,我喜欢森林,
导  游:我喜欢山川和河流,我喜欢清新的空气。
马  丁:你是哪儿的人?
导  游:我是洛杉矶人,我不喜欢城市,我不喜欢炎热的地方。
马  丁:你什么时候到这来工作的?
导  游:四年前,我在丹佛住过两年,我不喜欢丹佛,它是个很大的城市。
马  丁:你愿意当导游吗?
导  游:非常愿意。我整天都呆在户外,我不喜欢呆在屋内。
马  丁:你住在哪儿?
导  游:我住在公园附近,请别走散。
马  丁:我要和其他的一些人谈谈,再见。
马  丁:你好,这是你第一次到公园来吗?
男    :是的。
马  丁:你喜欢公园吗?
男    :是的,喜欢。我们住在东部,但我们喜欢西部的公园。这是我妻子。
马  丁:你好,你怎么样?
女    :很好,谢谢。
马  丁:你喜欢这里的什么?
女    :我喜欢动物。
马  丁:你不喜欢什么?
女    :我不喜欢人多。
男    :这里人很多。
女    :我不喜欢虫子。
马  丁:你不喜欢什么?
男    :我不喜欢宿营。
女    :但我喜欢宿营,你喜欢宿营吗?
马  丁:不,我不喜欢宿营。
女    :男人喜欢宿营。
男    :我不喜欢。
马  丁:我不喜欢。

Conversation B

MARTIN: Hello. How are you?
2ND FEMALE: I don't like walking.
MARTIN: Don't you like the park?
2ND FEMALE: I love the park. But I don't like walking. I like driving.
2ND MALE: She doesn't like walking. She likes sitting.
2ND FEMALE: He doesn't like the park. He likes cities.
MARTIN: See you later.
MARTIN: Good afternoon.
GUIDE: Did you like your walk this morning?
MARTIN: Yes, I did. Do you walk every day?
GUIDE: Yes. I take visitors.
MARTIN: Do you like it?
GUIDE: Of course. I like being outside.
MARTIN: Are you going to walk this afternoon.
GUIDE: Yes. I'm going to take some people to the river.
MARTIN: May I go with you?
GUIDE: Of course. Come with me now. I'm going to meet them over there.
MARTIN: Thanks.
GUIDE: I don't like being late. Good afternoon. I'm Judy. I’m your guide this afternoon. We’re going to have a fast walk to the river.
MALE: I can't walk fast.
GUIDE: Don't you like to walk fast?
MALE: I like to, but I can't walk fast.
GUIDE: OK. We won't walk too fast. This is Martin. He's a reporter.
MARTIN: Good afternoon. I want to ask some questions. May I walk with you?
MALE: I don't like reporters.
MARTIN: Oh?
MALE: They ask too many questions.
FEMALE: You don't know any reporters.
MALE: I know the reporters on TV. I don't like them.
MARTIN: What questions don't you like?
MALE: I don't like questions about my family. I don't like questions about my work.
FEMALE: That's everything!
MARTIN: I'm not going to ask about your family or your work.
MALE: Good.
FEMALE: I like reporters. You can ask my anything.
MARTIN: Where are you from?
FEMALE: We're from St Louis.
MARTIN: Do you like cities?
FEMALE: I like St Louis. I don't like New York. I don't like Detroit. I like some cities.
MARTIN: What do you like?
MALE: I like fishing.
MARTIN: Do you like fishing in the ocean?
MALE: I don't like fishing in the ocean. There is no ocean is St Louis. I like fishing the river.
FEMALE: He doesn't like fishing in small rivers. He likes fishing in big rivers.
MARTIN: Do you like fishing in the Mississippi River?
MALE: Of course. I live in St Louis. Slow down, please.
GUIDE: OK. We're almost there.
MALE: Where?
FEMALE: At the river.
MARTIN: I like this.
FEMALE: It's beautiful! Isn't it beautiful?
MALE: Yes, it is. Look, look at the fish!
GUIDE: Do you like fishing?
MALE: Yes, I do.
GUIDE: I don't like fishing. I like walking. I like moving. I don't like sitting.
FEMALE: I don't like fishing. I can't talk. I like talking.
MARTIN: Are we going to sit here?
MALE: Let's watch the river.

Practice 2:用 like 或 don't like 回答提问。
Examples: 
MARTIN: Do you like cities?
FEMALE: No, I don't like cities.
MARTIN: Don't you like St Louis?
FEMALE: Yes, I do. But I don't like New York.
MARTIN: What do you like?
MALE: I like fishing.
MARTIN: What don’t you like?
MALE: I don’t like running.
MARTIN: Don’t you like sports?
MALE: No, I don’t.

会话B
马  丁:你好,你怎么样?
女  二:我不喜欢走路。
马  丁:你不喜欢公园吗?
女  二:我喜爱公园,但我不喜欢走路,我喜欢开车。
男  二:她不喜欢走路,她喜欢坐着。
女  二:他不喜欢公园,他喜欢城市。
马  丁:再见。
马  丁:下午好。
导  游:你喜欢今天上午的步行游览吗?
马  丁:喜欢,你每天都步行游览吗?
导  游:是的,我带游客步行。
马  丁:你喜欢这么做吗?
导  游:当然,我喜欢呆在外面。
马  丁:你今天下午还步行游览吗?
导  游:是的,我要带些人去河边。
马  丁:我可以和你一起去吗?
导  游:当然可以,现在跟我来,我将去那边和他们见面。
马  丁:谢谢。
导  游:我不喜欢迟到。下午好,我叫朱迪,今天下午由我做你们的导游,我们将快速步行到河边。
男    :我走不快。
导  游:你不喜欢快走吗?
男    :我喜欢快走,但我走不快。
导  游:好的,我们不走太快。这是马丁,他是记者。
马  丁:下午好,我想问些问题,我可以和你们一起走吗?
男    :我不喜欢记者。
马  丁:噢?
男    :他们问题问得太多了。
女    :你不认识任何记者。
男    :我知道电视上的记者,我不喜欢他们。
马  丁:你不喜欢什么问题?
男    :我不喜欢有关我家庭的问题,我不喜欢有关我工作的问题。
女    :那就包括所有问题了。
马  丁:那我就不问你有关你家庭和工作的问题。
男    :好。
女    :我喜欢记者,你可以问我任何事情。
马  丁:你是哪儿的人?
女    :我们是圣路易人。
马  丁:你喜欢城市吗?
女    :我喜欢圣路易斯,我不喜欢纽约,我不喜欢底特律,有些城市我喜欢。
马  丁:你喜欢什么?
男    :我喜欢钓鱼。
马  丁:你喜欢在海里钓鱼吗?
男    :我不喜欢在海里钓鱼,在圣路易斯没有海,我喜欢在河里钓鱼。
女    :他不喜欢在小河里钓鱼,他喜欢在大河里钓鱼。
马  丁:你喜欢在密西西比河钓鱼吗?
男    :当然,我住在圣路易斯。请慢点走。
导  游:好了,我们快到那儿了。
男    :哪里?
女    :在河边。
马  丁:我喜欢这儿。
女    :好美啊!不是吗?
男    :是的,的确很美。看,看鱼!
导  游:你喜欢钓鱼吗?
男    :是的,喜欢。
导  游:我不喜欢钓鱼,我喜欢走步,我喜欢活动,我不喜欢坐着。
女    :我不喜欢钓鱼,我不健谈,但我喜欢谈话。
马  丁:我们要在这儿坐下吗?
男    :让我们看看这条河。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

national   adj. 国家的
Yellowstone National Park  黄石国家公园
bug   n. 虫子
camp   v. 宿营
camping   n. 露营;宿营
fishing   n. 钓鱼

Proper Nouns 专有名词

Denver   丹佛
the Mississippi River   密西西比河

Language Points 语言要点

1.动名词是由动词加-ing 形式演变来的名词。本课出现的动名词有:being, camping, walking, driving, sitting, fishing, talking 等。英语中有些动词要求其后接动名词,一般不用不定式等其它结构,这类动词常见的有:
enjoy(喜欢),avoid(避免),mind(介意),finish(完成),consider(考虑),dislike(不喜欢) 例如:
I enjoy walking in the park. 我喜欢在公园散步。
We avoided driving through large cities on our trip.
我们在旅途中避免开车穿过大城市。
Would you mind coming here? 请你到这里来,可以吗?
I finished reading the book last night. 我昨晚把这本书读完了。
I considered changing my job, but in the end I decided not to.
我考虑换个工作,但最后我决定不换了。
I dislike being spoken to like that. 我讨厌别人对我那样说话。
2.英语中,如果主语不是很重要时,有时可以用非人称的句子,试比较:
There is one person here.=One person is here.
There are three rivers in the park.=Three rivers are in the park.


Cultural Notes  文化注释

在美国有42个国家公园(National Park),每年吸引着2亿来自国内外的旅游者。许多公园仅有旅馆和餐馆,还有公共露营区(public camping areas),旅游者能在公园里游泳、钓、听各种讲座及参加许多其它的文娱活动。
Yellowstone National Park 位于怀俄明州(Wyoming)、蒙大拿州(Montana)和爱达荷州(Idaho)境内的落基山脉(the Rockies)中。黄石公园的闻名不仅是由于它引人入胜的风景和野生动物,而且也由于它的间歇泉(geysers)吸引着成千上万世界各地游客。黄石公园内最大的间歇喷泉叫“老忠诚”(Old Faithful),意思是说它总是忠于自己喷射水柱的许诺。它也是全世界最著名的间歇喷泉。
在美国,除了国家公园外,还有近31,000个州立公园(state parks)和娱乐区(recreation areas)。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物