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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A: In the Downtown Area

EILEEN: Let's walk on this street. I want to buy a new dress.
MARTIN: Do you want a dress for work?
EILEEN: Yes, I want a dress for the office. Stop. Look at that dress in the window. Do you like that dress?
MARTIN: No, I don't. It's too green. I don't like green dresses.
EILEEN: OK. Let's look over there.
MARTIN: Do you like green?
EILEEN: Green dresses? I don't know. Sometimes.
MARTIN: I want to buy a shirt.
EILEEN: Do you want a shirt for work?
MARTIN: No, I want a shirt for tennis.
EILEEN: Do you want a white shirt?
MARTIN: I don't know. No, I don't like white.
EILEEN: What color do you want?
MARTIN: I don't know. What don't you like?
EILEEN: I don't like red tennis shirts. I like blue or green. Do you like green shirts?
MARTIN: No, I don't. I like blue.
EILEEN: Let's look for blue.
EILEEN: Oh, look! See those yellow pants?
MARTIN: In the window? Yes, I see them.
EILEEN: Do you like them?
MARTIN: Yes, I do. Do you want those pants?
EILEEN: I don't know.
MARTIN: Do you want them for work?
EILEEN: Do you really like them?
MARTIN: They're OK.
EILEEN: OK? You don't like them.
MARTIN: Yes, I do. I really like them. Let's go inside.
CLERK: May I help you?
EILEEN: I want to buy some yellow pants.
CLERK: Here. Loot at these.
EILEEN: No, I don't like those.
CLERK: Do you want another color? These green pants are very beautiful.
EILEEN: No, thank you. My husband doesn't like green.
MARTIN: I like green.
EILEEN: You didn't like the green dress.
MARTIN: That's right. I didn't like the green dress. But I like green.
CLERK: Do you like these green pants?
MARTIN: They're OK.
EILEEN: He doesn't like them.
MARTIN: Do you like them?
EILEEN: No, I don't. I don't like them for work.
CLERK: Do you want another color?
EILEEN: I like the yellow pants in the window.
CLERK: Oh, yes. They are very nice. Wait a minute, please. I'm going to get them for you.
EILEEN: Do you really like them, Martin?
MARTIN: Yes, I do.
EILEEN: Do you like them for the office? 
MARTIN: I don't know.
EILEEN: I don't like them for the office. Thank you very much. I’m going to look some more.
CLERK: You're welcome.

Practice 1:want 想要,需要。句型结构与 like 一样,后接名词形式或不定式结构,即“want+名词或 want+to+原形动词”。
Examples:
I want a dress.
I want to play tennis.


会话A: 在商业区
艾  琳:让我们到这条街上走走,我想买条新衣裙。
马  丁:你想买条上班衣裙。
艾  琳:是的,我想买条办公室衣裙。停下,看橱窗中的那条衣裙。你喜欢那条衣裙吗?
马  丁:不,我不喜欢。它太绿了,我不喜欢绿衣裙。
艾  琳:好吧,让我们到那边看看。
马  丁:你喜欢绿色吗?
艾  琳:绿衣裙吗?我不知道,有时候吧。
马  丁:我想买件衬衫。
艾  琳:你想买件上班穿的衬衫吗?
马  丁:不,我想买件网球衫。
艾  琳:你想买件白衬衫吗?
马  丁:我不知道。不,我不喜欢白衬衫。
艾  琳:你想要什么颜色?
马  丁:我不知道,你不喜欢什么?
艾  琳:我不喜欢红网球衫,我喜欢蓝色或绿色,你喜欢绿衬衫吗?
马  丁:不,我不喜欢。我喜欢蓝色。
艾  琳:那就找蓝色的。
艾  琳:噢,看!看那条黄裤子。
马  丁:在橱窗中的吗?是的,我看到了。
艾  琳:你喜欢吗?
马  丁:是的,我喜欢。你想要那条裤子吗?
艾  琳:我不知道。
马  丁:你想要上班穿吗?
艾  琳:你真的喜欢吗?
马  丁:还可以。
艾  琳:还可以?你不喜欢。
马  丁:不,我喜欢,我真的喜欢,让我们到里边去看看。
店  员:你们要买些什么?
艾  琳:我想买条黄裤子。
店  员:这里,看看这些怎么样。
艾  琳:不,我不喜欢那些。
店  员:你想要其它颜色的吗?这条绿裤子很漂亮。
艾  琳:不,谢谢你。我丈夫不喜欢绿色。
马  丁:我喜欢绿色。
艾  琳:你刚才还不喜欢那件绿衣裙。
马  丁:不错,我刚才不喜欢那件绿衣裙,但我喜欢绿色。
店  员:你喜欢这条绿裤子吗?
马  丁:还可以。
艾  琳:他不喜欢。
马  丁:你喜欢吗?
艾  琳:不,我不喜欢。我不喜欢上班穿。
店  员:你想要另一种颜色吗?
艾  琳:我喜欢橱窗中的那条黄裤子。
店  员:噢,是的,很漂亮。请稍等一下,我去给你拿来。
艾  琳:马丁,你真的喜欢吗?
马  丁:是的,我喜欢。
艾  琳:你喜欢上班穿吗?
马  丁:我不知道。
艾  琳:我不喜欢上班穿。非常感谢你,我再看一看。
店  员:不必客气。

Conversation B

MARTIN: Let's look on this street. Do you see that store? I bought some clothes there last year.
EILEEN: Oh, I like those shirts. Let's go inside.
CLERK: May I help you?
MARTIN: I want to buy a shirt.
CLERK: Do you want a dress shirt or a casual shirt?
MARTIN: I want a tennis shirt.
CLERK: Casual shirts are over there. Come with me, please.
MARTIN: I want a blue shirt.
CLERK: The blue shirts are here. Do you like these?
MARTIN: I don't know. Do you like these, Eileen?
EILEEN: Not very much.
CLERK: I have some very nice blue and white shirts. Do you like these?
MARTIN: Yes, I do. I like these very much.
EILEEN: They're very nice. Look at this one. Do you like it?
MARTIN: It has too much white. I want a shirt with more blue.
EILEEN: This one? Do you like it?
CLERK: I likt it. It's very nice.
MARTIN: Yes, I like it. I want to buy this shirt.
CLERK: OK. Come with me.
MARTIN: Do you want to buy a dress or pants?
EILEEN: I want to buy a dress. Let's look upstairs.
MARLIN: Do you want me to come with you?
EILEEN: Of course. I want you to look, too. I want you to help.
MARTIN: Where are we going?
EILEEN: Over there. See those dresses. Come with me.
MARTIN: There are too many dresses!
CLERK: Hello.
EILEEN: Hello.
CLERK: May I help you?
EILEEN: I want to look at dresses. I want to buy a dress for the office.
CLERK: These dresses are very beautiful.
EILEEN: This is my size.
CLERK: What color do you want?
EILEEN: I don't know. Any color. My husband doesn't like green.
MARTIN: I like green.
EILEEN: You didn't like that green dress.
MARTIN: I know. I didn't like that green dress in the window.
CLERK: You don't want green. Do you like yellow?
EILEEN: Yes, I like yellow.
CLERK: Does your husband like yellow?
EILEEN: Martin?
MARTIN: Yes, I like yellow.
CLERK: This is a very nice black and white dress.
MARTIN: I like that very much.
EILEEN: I'm going to try it.
MARTN: Good.
EILEEN: I want a pair of pants, too.
CLERK: What color do you want?
EILEEN: Brown or black.
MARTIN: Do you want two pairs of pants?
CLERK: Do you want one brown pair and one black pair?
EILEEN: No, I want only one pair. I want to look at these.
MARTIN: I want some coffee.
EILEEN: I want some coffee, too.
MARTIN: I want to find a coffee shop. Do you see one?
EILEEN: There is a coffee shop on Tenth Street.
MARTIN: Where is Tenth Street?
EILEEN: Straight ahead.
MARTIN: Do you want to go there?
EILEEN: Of course. They have very good cake, too. I want some cake. Do you like your new shirt?
MARTIN: Yes, I like it. I want to wear it next week. I’m going to play tennis on Thursday evening. I’m going to wear it then.

Practice 2:用 want 谈论想要的东西。
Examples:
  MARTIN: I want to buy a shirt. What do you want to buy?
EILEEN: I want to buy a new dress. Do you want a casual shirt?
MARTIN: Yes, I want a tennis shirt.
MARTIN: Do you want a dress for the office?

会话B
马  丁:让我们到这条街看看,你看到那家商店了吗?我去年在那买过一些衣服。
艾  琳:噢,我喜欢那些衬衫,让我们进去吧。
店  员:你们要买些什么?
马  丁:我要买件衬衫。
店  员:你想要礼服衬衫还是便装衬衫。
马  丁:我想要件网球衫。
店  员:便装衬衫在这边,请跟我来。
马  丁:我想要件蓝衬衫。
店  员:蓝衬衫在这里,你喜欢这些吗?
马  丁:我不知道。艾琳,你喜欢这些吗?
艾  琳:不太喜欢。
店  员:我有些非常好的蓝色和白色衬衫。你喜欢这些吗?
马  丁:是的,我喜欢。我非常喜欢这些衬衫。
艾  琳:它们很好,看这件,你喜欢吗?
马  丁:它白色太多了,我想要件蓝色多些的。
艾  琳:这件?你喜欢吗?
店  员:我喜欢,这件非常好。
马  丁:是的,我喜欢。我想买这件衬衫。
店  员:好的,跟我来。
马  丁:你想买条衣裙还是裤子?
艾  琳:我想买条衣裙,让我们上楼看看。
马  丁:你想让我和你一起去吗?
艾  琳:当然,我也让你看看,我要你帮忙。
马  丁:我们去哪儿?
艾  琳:去那边,看那些衣裙,跟我来。
马  丁:这么多衣裙!
店  员:你好。
艾  琳:你好。
店  员:您要买些什么?
艾  琳:我想看衣裙,我想买条办公室穿的衣裙。
店  员:这些衣裙很漂亮。
艾  琳:这是我的尺码。
店  员:你想要什么颜色的?
艾  琳:我不知道,任何颜色,我丈夫不喜欢绿色。
马  丁:我喜欢绿色。
艾  琳:你刚才还不喜欢那条绿衣裙。
马  丁:我不知道,我刚才是不喜欢在橱窗中的那条绿衣裙。
店  员:你不想要绿色,你喜欢黄色吗?
艾  琳:是的,我喜欢黄色。
店  员:你丈夫喜欢黄色吗?
艾  琳:马丁?
马  丁:是的,我喜欢黄色。
店  员:这是条很好的黑白衣裙。
马  丁:我非常喜欢。
艾  琳:我要试试。
马  丁:好。
艾  琳:我也想买条裤子。
店  员:您想要什么颜色?
艾  琳:褐色或者黑色。
马  丁:你想买两条裤子吗?
店  员:你想要一条褐色裤子和一条黑色裤子吗?
艾  琳:不,我只买一条,我想看看这些。
马  丁:我想喝点咖啡。
艾  琳:我也想喝点咖啡。
马  丁:我想找家咖啡店,你看到哪儿有吗?
艾  琳:在第十街上有一家咖啡店。
马  丁:第十街在哪儿?
艾  琳:一直往前走。
马  丁:你想去那吗?
艾  琳:当然,他们那儿的蛋糕也很好,我想吃点蛋糕。你喜欢你的新衬衫吗?
马  丁:是的,我喜欢。我想下周穿上它,我星期四晚上去打网球,那时我就穿上它。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

downtown   adj. 在商业区的;在市中心的
downtown area 商业区
dress    adj. 礼服的
dress shirt  礼服衬衫;女式衣裙
dress for work  上班衣裙
dress for the office  办公室衣裙
pants   n. 裤子
clerk   n. 售货员;店员
casual   adj. 随便的;非正式的
upstairs   adv. 向楼上

Language Points 语言要点

在商店,店员最常用的话语就是 May I help you? 还可以说:
Can I help you? 我能帮你忙吗?
What can I do for you? 我能帮你什么吗?
Can I show you something? 需要什么可以拿给你看吗?

Cultural Notes  文化注释

美国各地都有大大小小的购物商店,规模较大的有百货公司(department store)、购物中心(shopping mall),小型的有一角廉价店(dime store)、万有商店(general store)等。最大的百货公司是梅西(Macy's)。
在美国买东西,必须知道在大多数情况下,价格标签上的钱数并不是你的付款数,你还得加付款税。税额一般是标签价格的5%至10%。
在买服装和鞋子时,要注意美国的尺寸和我国的尺寸标法不一样,你可以请店员帮忙。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 28 Expressing Dislikes 表达不喜欢