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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A : At Home

MARTIN: Alan! Alan!
ALAN: What?
MARTIN: Turn off that music. I don't like that music. I'm working.
EILEEN: Did you call, Martin?
MARTIN: No, I didn't. I mean I called Alan. I didn't call you.
EILEEN: Do you want Alan?
MARTIN: No, I don't want him. I wanted him to turn off the music. I'm working. I'm writing. I didn't want that music.
EILEEN: You often play music.
MARTIN: I don't play that music. I don't like that music.
EILEEN: OK. I'm going to tell him.
MARTIN: I told him. He turned off the music.
EILEEN: Oh, yes, he did. I'm going to make some tea. Do you want some?
MARTIN: No, thanks. May I have some coffee? I don't like tea in the morning.
EILEEN: I'm going to bring coffee.
MARTIN: Sue! Sue! Eileen!
EILEEN: Did you call?
MARTIN: Is Sue listening to television?
EILEEN: Yes. She often listens on Saturday morning.
MARTIN: May I speak to her?
EILEEN: Of course. I'm going to get her.
SUE: Did you want me, Daddy?
MARTIN: Yes, I did. What are you doing?
SUE: I'm watching TV.
MARTIN: Do you like TV.
SUE: Of course. Don't you like TV?
MARTIN: I don't like loud TV. I want to work today. I can't work with loud TV.
SUE: Do you want me to turn off the TV?
MARTIN: No, I don't want you to turn it off. Can you turn it down? I cant' write with loud TV.
SUE: What are you writing?
MARTIN: I'm writing a story about football.
SUE: You wrote about baseball. You wrote about tennis. Now you're writing about football.
MARTIN: Don't you like sports?
SUE: I don't like some sports.
MARTIN: What sports don't you like?
SUE: I don't like ball games.
MARTIN: What sports do you like?
SUE: I like swimming. What sports don't you like?
MARTIN: I don't like racing.
SUE: You don't like horses?! Yes, you do.
MARTIN: I don't like car racing.
SUE: Oh.
MARTIN: And I don't like loud TV.
SUE: TV isn't a sport!
MARTIN: I don't like it.
SUE: OK. Is it too loud now?
MARTIN: No, it isn't. I want to finish this story today.
EILEEN: Here's the coffee. Do you want some cake?
MARTIN: No, thanks. Only coffee.

Practice 1:“不喜欢”的表达法 don't like sth.
Examples:
  MARTIN:  I don't like that music.
I don't like tea in the morning.
I don't like loud TV.
I don't like racing.

会话A : 在家里
马  丁:艾伦!艾伦!
艾  伦:什么?
马  丁:把音乐关掉,我不喜欢那音乐,我在工作。
艾  琳:马丁,你叫谁了吗?
马  丁:没有,我是说我叫艾伦来着,我没叫你。
艾  琳:你要找艾伦吗?
马  丁:不,我不找他。我要他关掉音乐。我在工作,我正在写报导,我不想听那音乐。
艾  琳:你经常放音乐听。
马  丁:我不放那种音乐,我不喜欢那种音乐。
艾  琳:好的,我去告诉他。
马  丁:我告诉过他了,他关掉了音乐。
艾  琳:噢,是的,他关掉了。我要去煮茶,你要些茶吗?
马  丁:不,谢谢。我可以喝些咖啡吗?我在上午不喜欢喝茶。
艾  琳:我去拿些咖啡。
马  丁:苏!苏!艾琳!
艾  琳:你叫谁了吗?
马  丁:苏在听电视吗?
艾  琳:是的,她经常在星期六上午听。
马  丁:我跟她谈谈好吗?
艾  琳:当然,我去叫她。
苏    :爸爸,你找我吗?
马  丁:是的,我找你。你在做什么?
苏    :我在看电视。
马  丁:你喜欢看电视吗?
苏    :当然,你不喜欢看电视吗?
马  丁:我不喜欢电视声音太大,我今天想工作,电视声音太大,我无法工作。
苏    :你要我关掉电视吗?
马  丁:不,我不是让你把电视关掉,你能把音量调小些吗? 电视声音太大,我无法写作。
苏    :你在写什么?
马  丁:我在写有关橄榄球的报导。
苏    :你写过有关棒球的报导,你写过有关网球的报导,你现在正在写橄榄球的报导。
马  丁:你不喜欢运动吗?
苏    :有些运动项目我不喜欢。
马  丁:你不喜欢什么运动?
苏    :我不喜欢球类运动。
马  丁:你喜欢什么运动?
苏    :我喜欢游泳,你不喜欢什么运动?
马  丁:我不喜欢赛车。
苏    :你喜不喜欢赛马?!
马  丁:我不喜欢的是赛车(不是赛马)。
苏    :噢。
马  丁:我还不喜欢电视声音太大。
苏    :电视播放的不是体育运动项目。
马  丁:我不喜欢。
苏    :好吧,现在声音还太大吗?
马  丁:不,不大。我想今天写完这篇报导。
苏    :咖啡来了,你要些蛋糕吗?
马  丁:不,谢谢。只要咖啡。

Conversation B

SUE: Daddy, can we go to the movies today?
MARTIN: I don't know. I want to write this story today. I don't like to go on Saturday. Can we go tomorrow?
SUE: No, I can't. I want to go to Jennifer's house tomorrow.
MARTIN: I don't like to stop my work. Can your mother take you?
SUE: I didn't ask.
MARTIN: Please ask her. I don't want to ask now.
SUE: She's making lunch.
MARTIN: Now? I don't want to eat now. I don't want to stop my writing. Please tell her.
SUE: OK.
EILEEN: Martin. Come to lunch.
MARTIN: No, thank you. I don't want to eat.
EILEEN: You have to eat!
MARTIN: I want to write.
EILEEN: You can't stop eating.
MARTIN: I don't want to stop now. I don't like to stop.
EILEEN: But you can't write all day.
MARTIN: I'm going to finish this story.
EILEEN: OK.
MARTIN: Oh, hello, mother. No, I'm not eating lunch. I don't like to stop writing. I know. I can't stop eating. I'm going to eat later. What? No, I don't like going to the office on Saturday. I like to work at home on Saturday. No, I don't like to drive on Saturday. Mother, how is father? Good. Is he at home? No, I don't like to stop work. I'm going to see him next week. OK. Good-bye.
ALAN: Hi, Dad. May I come in?
MARTIN: Yes. You are in.
ALAN: Dad, may I go to a party tonight?
MARTIN: I don't know. Where is the party?
ALAN: It's going to be at Billy's house.
MARTIN: Who is Billy?
ALAN: Billy Itoh.
MARTIN: Excuse me.
ALAN: Billy Itoh.
MARTIN: Spell it for me.
ALAN: I-T-O-H. Itoh.
MARTIN: Who is Billy Itoh?
ALAN: He's a boy in my class. His parents are from Japan.
MARTIN: What do they do?
ALAN: His father has a business downtown.
MARTIN: What kind of business?
ALAN: Electronics. Billy's mother works in the business, too.
MARTIN: When is the party?
ALAN: Tonight.
MARTIN: What time?
ALAN: Ten o'clock.
MARTIN: Ten o'clock. That's very late. I don't like late parties.
ALAN: It's Saturday night. There is no school tomorrow.
MARTIN: When is it going to finish?
ALAN: I don't know. In the morning?
MARTIN: The party is all night?! I don't like all-night parties, you are too young.
ALAN: I'm not young. I don't like to be called young.
MARTIN: You are young.
ALAN: Oh, Dad. I'm not very young. Sue is young. I'm not young.
MARTIN: Are Billy's parents going to be there?
ALAN: Of course.
MARTIN: Did you ask your mother?
ALAN: Of course.
MARTIN: What did she say?
ALAN: She doesn't like late parties. She doesn't like all-night parties.
MARTIN: Excuse me.
ALAN: She doesn't like all-night parties.
ALAN: May I go, Dad?
MARTIN: I want to talk to your mother. Please tell her.
ALAN: OK. I know you don't like parties, but I want to go.
MARTIN: Eileen, do you know the Itoh family?
EILEEN: Yes, I do. Very very nice family.
MARTIN: OK. Alan can go to the party. Please tell him.


会话B
苏    :爸爸,我们今天能去看电影吗?
马  丁:我说不准,我今天想写这篇报导,我不喜欢星期六去看电影,我们明天去可以吗?
苏    :不行,我明天想去詹尼弗家。
马  丁:我不想把工作停下来,你母亲能带你去吗?
苏    :我没问。
马  丁:请问问她,我现在不想问她。
苏    :她在做午饭。
马  丁:现在吗?我现在不想吃,我不想停下工作,请告诉她。
苏    :好吧。
艾  琳:马丁,来吃午饭。
马  丁:不,谢谢。我不想吃饭。
艾  琳:你得吃饭!
马  丁:我想写作。
艾  琳:你不能不吃饭。
马  丁:我现在不想停下来,我不愿意停下来。
艾  琳:但你也不能整天都写作。
马  丁:我要把这篇报导写完。
艾  琳:好吧。
马  丁:噢,喂,母亲。不,我没在吃午饭,我不想停止写作。我知道,我不能不吃饭,我晚些时候吃。什么? 不,我不喜欢星期六去办公室,我喜欢星期六在家工作。不,我不喜欢在星期六开车。母亲,父亲怎么样?好,他在家吗? 不,我不想停止工作,我下周去看他。好,再见。
艾  伦:你好,爸爸。我可以进来吗?
马  丁:可以,你已经进来了。
艾  伦:爸爸,我今晚可以去参加一个晚会吗?
马  丁:我不知道,晚会在哪儿举行?
艾  伦:将在比利家里。
马  丁:比利是谁?
艾  伦:比利·伊藤。
马  丁:谁?
艾  伦:比利·伊藤。
马  丁:给我拼写一下。
艾  伦:I-T-O-H,伊藤。
马  丁:比利伊藤是谁?
艾  伦:他是我班同学,他的父母是从日本来的。
马  丁:他们做什么工作?
艾  伦:他父亲在市中心开了家商店。
马  丁:什么商店?
艾  伦:电子设备商店,比利的母亲也在商店里工作。
马  丁:什么时候开晚会?
艾  伦:今晚。
马  丁:几点?
艾  伦:10点。
马  丁:10点,太晚了,我不喜欢这么晚的晚会。
艾  伦:在星期六晚上,明天也不上学。
马  丁:晚会什么时候结束?
艾  伦:我不知道,可能在早上?
马  丁:晚会进行一整夜!我不喜欢通宵晚会,你还太小。
艾  伦:我已不小了,我不喜欢被人称做很小。
马  丁:你是很小。
艾  伦:噢,爸爸。我不小了,苏才小呢,我不小了。
马  丁:比利的父母在场吗?
艾  伦:当然。
马  丁:你问过你母亲吗?
艾  伦:当然。
马  丁:她说什么?
艾  伦:她不喜欢很晚的晚会,她不喜欢通宵晚会。
马  丁:什么?
艾  伦:她不喜欢通宵晚会。
艾  伦:爸爸,我可以走了吗?
马  丁:我想和你母亲谈谈,请告诉她来一下。
艾  伦:好的。我知道你不喜欢晚会,但我想去。
马  丁:艾琳,你了解伊藤家吗?
艾  伦:是的,了解。他们一家人很好。
马  丁:好吧,艾伦可以去参加晚会,请告诉他吧。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

turn off  v. 关掉
TV=television  n. 电视
turn down  v. 关小;调低
racing  n. 赛车(马),是动词
race   的动名词形式
downtown   adv. 在城市的商业区,在市中心
electronics    n. 电子设备

Proper Nouns 专有名词

Japan   日本

Language Points 语言要点

1.turn off, turn down 等动词短语是“动词+副词(或介词)”结构,这类结构在英语中很常见,又如:take off(起飞),sit down(坐下),get up(起床),turn up(到达;出现),put off(推迟),put on (穿上)等等。
2.stop后接不定式(to do sth.)结构和动名词(do+-ing)结构,含义不同,前者意为“停下来去做某事”,后者意为“停止做某事”。例如:
Every half hour I stop to smoke a cigatette.
每半小时我就停下来去吸支烟。
I don't like to stop writing. 我不愿停止写作。


Cultural Notes  文化注释

典型的美国家庭是由父母及他们未婚的孩子构成的一种核心家庭。一对美国夫妇有两三个孩子,甚至更多些,都是很常见的。美国人的独立意识很强,每个成年人都应有自立的能力,特别是经济上。小孩高中毕业就不依靠父母生活。有些成年人即使与父母生活在同一城市里,他们也愿意另找住房生活,从不在经济上依靠父母。有不少高中生甚至初中生在晚上或周末打工赚零钱,以支持社交或生活所需的费用。许多大学生读大学也是靠自己假期打工赚回生活费来完成学业的。如果一位已工作的成年人还与父母同住的话,他会被伙伴们嘲笑。
美国人对子女的爱,体现方式与中国人不同,他们注重孩子独立生活能力的培养,父母的责任就是把孩子培养成有自立能力的人。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 32 Giving the Specific Time of Events 表示事件的确切时间
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物
Lesson 28 Expressing Dislikes 表达不喜欢