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更新时间:2005/3/29
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Conversation A : At Home in the Evening

EILEEN: Did you finish your work?
MARTIN: Yes, I did. Where are the children?
EILEEN: Sue is reading. Alan is dressing.
MARTIN: Dressing?
EILEEN: For the party. He's going to a party tonight.
MARTIN: Oh, yes. That's right. When is the party?
EILEEN: The party begins at ten o'clock.
MARTIN: Is he dressing now? It's only seven o'clock.
EILEEN: I know. But he's dressing. The party is important. Martin, are you going to take Sue to the movies tomorrow?
MARTIN: I can. Does she want to go tomorrow?
EILEEN: Yes, she does. When is your meeting tomorrow?
MARTIN: In the morning.
EILEEN: When is the meeting?
MARTIN: At eleven o'clock.
EILEEN: Can you go to the movies in the afternoon?
MARTIN: Yes, I can. When?
EILEEN: At four o'clock.
MARTIN: OK.
EILEEN: Sue wants to go to Jennifer's house tomorrow. She can go in the morning.
MARTIN: When is dinner?
EILEEN: You didn't eat lunch. Do you want dinner?
MARTIN: Very much!
EILEEN: Dinner is at seven-thirty.
SUE: Hi. May I come in?
MARTIN: Of course.
SUE: Did you finish your work?
MARTIN: Yes, I did.
SUE: Can we go to the movies tomorrow?
MARTIN: Yes, we can.
SUE: When?
MARTIN: In the afternoon.
SUE: Can we go at six o'clock? I want to go to Jennifer's house.
MARTIN: That's very late. You have school on Monday. Let's go at four o'clock.
SUE: When can I go to Jennifer's house?
EILEEN: You can go to Jennifer's house in the morning.
SUE: May I phone Jennifer now?
EILEEN: No. It's time for dinner.
SUE: When may I phone her?
EILEEN: After dinner.
SUE: When is dinner?
EILEEN: At seven-thirty.
MARTIN: Dinner In a few minutes.
SUE: OK. I'm going to read.
EILEEN: I'm going to finish dinner. Come help me.
MARTIN: OK.

Practice 1:情态动词 may 和 can 在构成疑问句时,都用倒装句型,移到主语之前,有时都可表示“可以”的意思,但 may 有“许可”的含义,can 有“能够”的含义。
Examples:
  SUE: May I come in?
MARTIN: Of course.
SUE: May I phone Jennifer now?
EILEEN: No. It's time for dinner.
SUE: Can we go to the movies tomorrow?
MARTIN: Yes, we can.
SUE: Can we go at six o'clock?
MARTIN: No, that's very late.
SUE: When can I go to Jennifer's house?
EILEEN: You can go to Jennifer's house in the morning.

Practice 2:比较笼统的时间用语,一般表示一段时间。确切的时间用语常常由一个数字,后面加上 o'clock(点钟)构成。
Example One:EILEEN: Tonight.Tomorrow.
MARTIN: In the morning.
EILEEN: In the afternoon.
MARTIN: On Monday.
EILEEN: After dinner.
MARTIN: In a few minutes.
Example Two:MARTIN: At seven o'clock.At eleven o'clock.
EILEEN: At four o'clock.At seven-thirty.
SUE: At six o'clock.
MARTIN: At four o'clock.

会话A : 晚上在家里
艾  琳:你干完工作了吗?
马  丁:是的,干完了。孩子们在哪儿?
艾  琳:苏在看书,艾伦在穿衣打扮。
马  丁:穿衣打扮?
艾  琳:为了参加晚会,他今晚将参加一个晚会。
马  丁:噢,是的。对了,晚会什么时候开始?
艾  琳:晚会10点开始。
马  丁:他现在正在穿衣打扮吗?才7点。
艾  琳:我知道。但他已在穿衣打扮,因为晚会很重要。马丁,明天你将带苏去看电影吗?
马  丁:我能带她去,她明天想去吗?
艾  琳:是的,她想去。你明天什么时候开会?
马  丁:在上午。
艾  琳:会议什么时候举行呢?
马  丁:11点。
艾  琳:你能在下午去看电影吗?
马  丁:是的,能。什么时候。
艾  琳:4点。
马  丁:好吧。
艾  琳:苏明天想去詹尼弗家,她可以上午去。
马  丁:晚饭什么时候开饭?
艾  琳:你还没吃午饭,你想吃晚饭吗?
马  丁:非常想吃。
艾  琳:晚饭在7点半。
苏    :你们好,我可以进来吗?
马  丁:当然可以。
苏    :你干完工作了吗?
马  丁:是的,干完了。
苏    :我们明天能去看电影吗?
马  丁:是的,能去。
苏    :什么时候?
马  丁:在下午。
苏    :可以6点去吗?我想去詹尼弗家。
马  丁:那太晚了,你星期一还要上学。咱们四点去。
苏    :我什么时候能去詹尼弗家呢?
艾  琳:你可以在上午去詹尼弗家。
苏    :我现在可以给詹尼弗打个电话吗?
艾  琳:不可以,现在是吃晚饭时候。
苏    :那我什么时候可以给她打电话?
艾  琳:晚饭后。
苏    :什么时候吃晚饭?
艾  琳:7点半。
马  丁:几分钟后。
苏    :好吧,我去看书。
艾  琳:我去把晚饭准备好,来帮我一把。
马  丁:好吧。

Conversation B

EILEEN: I'm going to call children.
MARTIN: I'm going to get some water.
EILEEN: OK. Alan! Sue!
EILEEN: Did you finish your book, Sue?
SUE: Yes, I did.
ALAN: Did you like it? I read that book four years ago.
SUE: Yes, I liked it.
ALAN: That book is for boys.
SUE: No, it isn't.
ALAN: Yes, it is.
EILEEN: No, it isn't, Alan. I read that book many years ago.
ALAN: Dad?
MARTIN: Don't ask me. I don't want to say. I read it, too. Alan, when are you coming home?
ALAN: In the morning. At nine o'clock.
EILEEN: Are you going to have breakfast?
ALAN: Yes.
EILEEN: When are you going to have breakfast?
ALAN: We're going to have breakfast there, in the morning. When is your meeting, Dad?
MARTIN: The meeting is at eleven o'clock.
ALAN: May I come home at eleven o'clock? You can meet me at the Itoh's house.
MARTIN: No. You come home at nine o'clock. I want you to come before my meeting.
ALAN: OK.
SUE: Alan, can you come to the movies with us?
ALAN: When are you going to the movies?
SUE: At four o'clock.
ALAN: What movie are you going to see?
SUE: We're going to see the Walt Disney movie.
ALAN: That's for children.
SUE: Daddy's going with me.
ALAN: I don't want to see a movie for children.
EILEEN: Alan, it's not for children.
ALAN: I have to study in the afternoon.
SUE: Can you study in the evening?
ALAN: I have to study in the afternoon and in the evening.
SUE: When are you going to study?
ALAN: I'm going to study after lunch and after dinner.
EILEEN: When are you going to work?
ALAN: I'm not going to work tomorrw. I have to work on Monday.
EILEEN: When are you going to work on Monday?
ALAN: At seven-thirty.
MARTIN: In the evening?
ALAN: No. In the morning.
EILEEN: Before school?
ALAN: Of course. I'm going to work at seven-thirty and then I'm going to school at eight-thrity.
MARTIN: I don't like you to work in the morning.
ALAN: I'm going to work only this week.

Practice 3:时间短语通常由介词或副词与表示时间的名词一起构成。表示“几点几分”用英文“小时+连字符+分钟”表示,也可以用阿拉伯数字“小时+:+分钟”表示。表示“在几点几分”,用介词 at。
Example One:
    ALAN: Four years ago.
EILLEN: Many years ago.
ALAN: In the morning.
MARTIN: Before my meeting.
ALAN: In the afternoon.
In the evening.
After lunch.
After dinner.
Tomorrow.               
On Monday.
EILEEN: Before school.
ALAN: This week.
Example Two:
ALAN: At nine o'clock.
MARTIN: At eleven o'clock.
SUE: At four o'clock.
ALAN: At seven-thirty. (At 7:30)
ALAN: At eight-thirty. (At 8:30)

会话B
艾  琳:我去叫孩子们来吃饭。
马  丁:我去拿些水。
艾  琳:好了,艾伦!苏!
艾  琳:苏,你看完书了吗?
苏    :是的,我看完了。
艾  伦:你喜欢那本书吗?我4年前看的那本书。
苏    :是的,我喜欢。
艾  伦:那本书是写给男孩子读的。
苏    :不,它不是。
艾  伦:是的,它是的。
艾  琳:不,它不是,艾伦。我许多年前读过那本书。
艾  伦:爸爸?
马  丁:别问我,我不想表态,我也读过那本书。艾伦,你什么时候回家?
艾  伦:在上午,9点钟。
艾  琳:你吃早饭吗?
艾  伦:是的。
艾  琳:你什么时候吃早饭?
艾  伦:我们早上将在那里吃早饭。爸爸,你什么时候开会?
马  丁:11点。
艾  伦:我可以在11点回家吗?你可以在伊藤家接我。
马  丁:不行,你得在9点回家,我要你在我开会前回家。
艾  伦:好吧。
苏    :艾伦,你能和我们一起去看电影吗?
艾  伦:你们什么时间去看电影?
苏    :4点。
艾  伦:你们将看什么电影?
苏    :我们将看沃尔特·迪斯尼电影。
艾  伦:那是给小孩看的。
苏    :爸爸将和我一起去。
艾  伦:我不想去看儿童片。
艾  琳:艾伦,那不是给小孩看的。
艾  伦:我下午得学习。
苏    :你不能在晚上学习吗?
艾  伦:我在下午和晚上都得学习。
苏    :你将在什么时间学习?
艾  伦:我将在午饭后和晚饭后学习。
艾  琳:你什么时候去工作?
艾  伦:我明天没有工作,我得在星期一工作。
艾  琳:你星期一什么时候工作?
艾  伦:7点半。
马  丁:在晚上吗?
艾  伦:不是,在早上。
艾  琳:上学前?
艾  伦:当然了,我将在7点半工作,然后8点半分去上学。
马  丁:我不喜欢你在早上工作。
艾  伦:我只这一周去工作。

New Words and Expressions 生词和短语

dress    v. 穿衣打扮
lunch   n. 午餐
dinner   n. 晚餐
breakfast   n. 早餐

Language Points 语言要点

It's time for dinner. 到吃晚饭的时间了。It's time 后接 for+名词,意为“该……”,“到……的时间了”。例如:
It's time for class. 到上课时间了。
It's time for lunch. 到吃午饭的时间了。
It's time 后还可接不定式,例如:
It's time to buy a new car. 该买辆车了。
It's time for you to go to bed. 该上床睡觉了。
当我们要说其他人该做某事了,常用“It's time+主语+动词过去式”结构,虽然用的是过去时结构,但表示的是现在或将来的含义。
例如:
It's time you went to bed. 你该上床睡觉了。
It's time she washed that dress. 她该洗那件衣服了。
I'm getting tired —— it's time we went home. 我有点累了,我们该回家了。

Cultural Notes  文化注释

大多数美国人说时间都是先说几点,然后说几分。例如:7点25分,英语是 seven twenty-five (7:25)。要把时间说得更清楚些,还要加上 a.m. (或 AM 或 A.M.)或 p.m.(或 PM 或P.M.)。a.m.(上午)是拉丁文 anti meridiem 的缩写,p.m. 是 post meridiem 的缩写。
美国人说日期通常先说月,后说日,最后说年。日期前的定冠词经常省略。例如:1992年5月20日的英语是 May 20th, 1992。

相关主题链接:
Lesson 40 Describing People (Ⅳ) 描述人物(四)
Lesson 39 Describing People (Ⅲ) 描述人物(三)
Lesson 38 Describing People (Ⅱ) 描述人物(二)
Lesson 37 Describing People (Ⅰ) 描述人物(一)
Lesson 36 Expressing Time 表示时间
Lesson 35 Asking Questions About Specific Time 询问确切时间
Lesson 34 Expressing Both Specific and General Time 表示确切时间和大致时间
Lesson 33 Stating the General Time of Your Activities 表示活动的大致时间
Lesson 31 Events and Activities That You Don't Like 不喜欢的事件和活动
Lesson 30 Expressing Wants 表达愿望
Lesson 29 Shopping 购 物
Lesson 28 Expressing Dislikes 表达不喜欢