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更新时间:2004/12/16

lesson one

Translate the following into English.
1) Use the verb + noun collocation.
出席会议   to attend a meeting        干的不错  to do a good job  
体验苦难  to experience bitterness     自学英语   to teach oneself English
发现奇迹  to discover wonders        忍住咳嗽  to hold back one’s cough
掌握技能  to master skills            获取知识  to acquire knowledge
需要勇气  to require courage          丰富生活  to enrich one’s life
接受修正  to accept rectification       改正错误  to correct mistakes
不再指望   to cherish no hope        作出努力  to make efforts
2)Use the “useful expressions”.
1.新造的大桥坍塌了,一名工程师和两名地方官员为此受到刑事起诉。
The collapse of the big newly-built bridge led to criminal prosecution against an engineer and two local government officials.
2.他工作了一天,午饭都没动。
He worked all day, leaving his lunch untouched.
3.经常性的体育运动使学生身体强壮,更好的适应学习,决不是浪费时间。
Far from being a waste of time, regular sports activities make students physically strong and deal with their study better.
4.在海洋世界公园,海豹和海豚能够表演各种技巧,逗的小观众们乐不可支。
The seals and dolphins in the Sea World are capable of various acting techniques, and this makes children audience overjoyed.
5.把快乐建立在别人痛苦之上的人迟早要受到报应的。
Those who take delight in other people’s pain will suffer retribution sooner or later.
6.在某些方面,那部新字典有不少地方需要改进。
In some respects, that new dictionary has much to be improved.
7.当那辆公共汽车冲进路边翻了车时,许多小朋友被困在里边。
When that bush rushed out of the road and turned over, many children got trapped in it.
8.在开幕式上,市政府将为一千多明来宾提供饮食。
At the opening ceremony, the municipal government will provide food and drink for more than 1,000 guests.
9.在中国,城市家庭只允许生一个孩子。
In China, every urban family is restricted to only one child.
10.只要我们能得到点休息,去哪里并不重要。
As long as we can get a little rest, is doesn’t matter where we go.
3)Use learn, ask and teach.
1.那位男孩向警察询问去火车站怎么走。
That boy asked the policeman how to get to the railway station.
2.学习外语没有任何捷径可走。
There are no shortcuts to learning a foreign language.
3.获悉我最喜欢的数学老师仍然在那所学校教书我决定去看他。
Learning that my favourite maths teacher is still teaching in that school, I decided to visit him.
4.这位老工人教育他的子女做人要诚实。
This veteran worker taught his children to be honest.
5.他问老板那天他是否可以早点离开办公室。
He asked his boss whether he could leave off work a little earlier that day.
6.艰难困苦使我们对我们现有的一切感到满意。
Difficulties and hardships teach us to be grateful for all that we have already had.
7.毕业时他要求到西藏去工作一年。
On his graduation, he asked to work in Tibet for one year.
8.我只不过是想关心别人,也希望受到他人的关心,我的要求并不过分。
All I want to do is just to show my care for others, and I hope to be treated in the same way by others. I am not asking too much.
9.聪明人从自己的错误中吸取教训。
Wise men learn lessons from their own mistakes.
10. 求援是没有用的,因为已经早过了午夜。
Since it is well after midnight, there is no point in asking for help.
11.那位科学家教育他的学生说年轻人要面向未来。
That scientist taught his students that young people should be gearing themselves for the future.
12.问及她生活的最大乐趣时,她说“学习”。
When asked what was the greatest pleasure in her life, she replied “learning”

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