旺旺首页 > 英语 > 能力提高 > 短语俚语 > 成对的英语短语
更新时间:2004/10/25

       在英语当中两个近义和相对的词用and或or连接构成成对的英语短语,它们经常出现在一起,因此它们的位置固定下来,有些同汉语的位置相同,有些同汉语不同,意义上有的和汉语相同,少量的同汉语有些差别,下面是笔者收集的一些此类的短语。

1. 同汉语位置相同的短语

aches and pains痛苦         affable and kind和善

ancient and modern古今    arts and science文理

bag and baggage提包和行李    black and white黑白

bucket and spade 桶和锹    brothers and sisters兄妹 

bow and arrow弓和箭,    bread and butter面包和黄油

crack and roar咆哮        cup and saucer杯子碟子

drunk and sober酒汉与清醒者    fair and square公正

far and away远离        far and near远近

fire and sword火与箭        first and foremost首先

first and last先后                fish and chips炸鱼和薯条

free and easy轻松自在    friend and foe朋友和敌人

forward and backward 前后     fun and pleasure娱乐

wife and children妻子和儿童    good or ill好歹(善恶)

great and small大小        hale and hearty健壮

ham and egg火腿鸡蛋       hammer and sickle锤子与镰刀

hand an foot手脚        head and shoulder头与肩

heart and soul心灵        heaven and earth天地

heavy and light重轻        high and low高低

hill and dale山谷        home and abroad 国内外

horse and cart马车    house and home家居

hue and cry喊叫    husband and wife夫妻

hustle and bustle熙熙攘攘, ifs and buts假设和转折

in and out进出         whole and all全体

import and export进出口    internal and external内外

judge and jury法官与陪审团,     king and queen国王与皇后

ladies and gentlemen女士与先生    knife and pork刀叉

kith and kin亲戚         land and sea陆海

law and order治安    lean and lanky瘦长

leaps and bounds跳跃    light and shade光阴

long and short长短    lord and lady贵族与小姐

male and female男女    man and beast人与兽

man and woman男女    meek and mild温和

sweet and sour糖醋    more or less或多或少

mother and child母子    null and void无效

odds and ends零碎    officers and soldiers官与兵

old and trial久经考验    Oxford and Cambridge牛津剑桥

out and away出走    past and present过去与现在

weight and measures重量与尺寸     pick and choose选择

pots and pans坛坛罐罐    puffing and blowing吐烟吹气气

profit and loss盈亏    pros and cons正反

rack and ruin损坏     right and wrong正误

rough and tumble杂乱    rules and regulations规章制度

true or false真假            safe and sound安全

short and sweet少而精    skin and bone皮包骨

slow and sure慢而准    sooner and later早晚

sports and games运动与游戏    stocks and shares股票

stuff and nonsense胡说八道    tea and coffee清茶和咖啡

then and there当时当地    thick and thin厚薄

this and that这那    thunder and light雷电

time and tide岁月    to and fro来回

town and country乡村    twists and turns曲折

up and down上下    ups and downs盛衰

vice and virtue罪恶与美德    ways and means方法

wear and tear磨损    wind and weather风与天

come and go 来去     poems and essays 诗文

2. 同汉语的位置不相同的短语

back and forth前后    bed and breakfast食宿

cap and gown(coat)衣帽    fire and water水火

flesh and blood骨肉    heat and cold冷热

heavy and light轻重    iron and steel钢铁

land and water水陆    love and money金钱与爱情

might and main主力    night and day白昼

north and south南北    off and on开关

old and grey苍老    old and new新旧

one and only唯一    pen and paper纸和笔

rain or shine阴晴    rich and poor,穷富

right and left左右    sword and shield剑与盾

twos and threes三三两两    you and I你我

young and old老少    pin and needle针毯

part and parcel重要部分    give and take合作与让步

mock and satire 讽刺嘲笑    rain and wind 风雨

相关主题链接:
第209讲:wall-to-wall; wallflower
第208讲:put your money where your mouth is...
第207讲:motor mouth; foot in mouth disease
第206讲:take a walk; walk on eggshells
第205讲:walk on air; walk the floor
第204讲:bad-mouth; shoot sb. mouth off
第203讲:close the books; cook the books
第202讲:one for the book; know sb. like a book
第201讲:Sunday best; Sunday driver
第200讲:honeymoon; moonlight
第199讲:cut out for/cut out to be; cut-up
第198讲:cut a deal; cut corners