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(关于英语语法的问题,我们是这样认为的:语法不是万能的!而且,要想讲流利的英语,也不是一定要精通语法才行,语法千变万化,每一天都会改变,只要人民改变了说话的习惯,语法也就相应的必须改变了,语法是由人们创造的,而不是由语法家创造的!何况,以英语为母语的人,又有几个是精通语法的呢?当你问他们为什么英语要这么讲时,他们只能告诉你,“我们天生就是这么讲的,That comes naturally!”。我们真的很希望大家最后能达到那样的境界,就是把英语变成一种习惯,这才是学英语的最高境界!希望大家早日突破英语语法关!)



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旺旺英语金言:你只要比一般人稍微努力点,你就会成功!

特别提醒:简单的东西通常是 Simple to learn, easy to forget!


12. 动词的语态

  语态有两种:主动语态和被动语态。
  主语是动作的发出者为主动语态;主语是动作的接受者为被动语态。
 1)若宾语补足语是不带to 的不定式,变为被动语态 时,该不定式前要加"to"。此类动词为感官动词。
feel, hear, help, listen to, look at, make, observe, see, notice, watch

  The teacher made me go out of the classroom.
--> I was made to go out of the classroom (by the teacher).
  We saw him play football on the playground.
--> He was seen to play football on the playground.

 2)情态动词+ be +过去分词,构成被动语态。
   Coal can be used to produce electricity for agriculture and industry.


12.1 let 的用法

 1)当let后只有一个单音节动词,变被动语态时,可用不带to 的不定式。
   They let the strange go.---> The strange was let go.
 
 2) 若let 后宾补较长时,let 通常不用被动语态,而用allow或permit 代替。
  The nurse let me go to see my classmate in the hospital.
  ----> I was allowed / permitted to see my classmate in the hospital.

12.2 短语动词的被动语态

 短语动词是一个整体,不可丢掉后面的介词或副词。
  This is a photo of the power station that has been set up in my hometown.
  My sister will be taken care of by Grandma.  
  Such a thing has never been heard of before..

12.3 表示"据说"或"相信" 的词组

  believe, consider, declare, expect, feel , report, say, see, suppose, think, understand

It is said that…   据说  
It is reported that… 据报道   
It is believed that… 大家相信     
It is hoped that… 大家希望
It is well known that… 众所周知  
It is thought that… 大家认为
It is suggested that… 据建议     
It is taken granted that…  被视为当然 
It has been decided that… 大家决定  
It must be remember that…务必记住的是

It is said that she will leave for Wuhan on Tuesday.

 



 




 








 


 

 
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