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(关于英语语法的问题,我们是这样认为的:语法不是万能的!而且,要想讲流利的英语,也不是一定要精通语法才行,语法千变万化,每一天都会改变,只要人民改变了说话的习惯,语法也就相应的必须改变了,语法是由人们创造的,而不是由语法家创造的!何况,以英语为母语的人,又有几个是精通语法的呢?当你问他们为什么英语要这么讲时,他们只能告诉你,“我们天生就是这么讲的,That comes naturally!”。我们真的很希望大家最后能达到那样的境界,就是把英语变成一种习惯,这才是学英语的最高境界!希望大家早日突破英语语法关!)



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特别提醒:简单的东西通常是 Simple to learn, easy to forget!


14.3 以否定词开头作部分倒装

  如 Not only…but also, Hardly/Scarcely…when, No sooner… than
  Not only did he refuse the gift, he also severely criticized the sender.
  Hardly had she gone out when a student came to visit her.
  No sooner had she gone out than a student came to visit her.

典型例题
No sooner___ than it began to rain heavily.
A. the game began      B. has the game begun
C. did the game begin    D. had the game begun
答案D. 以具有否定意义的副词放在句首时,一般采用倒装句(谓语前置)。这类表示否定意义的词有never, seldom, scarcely, little, few, not, hardly, 以及not only…but (also), no sooner…than, hardly… when scarcely… when 等等。

注意:只有当Not only… but also连接两个分句时,才在第一个分句用倒装结构。如果置于句首的Not only… but also仅连接两个并列词语,不可用倒装结构。
  Not only you but also I am fond of music.


14.4 so, neither, nor作部分倒装

  表示"也"、"也不" 的句子要部分倒装。    
  Tom can speak French. So can Jack.
  If you won't go, neither will I.

典型例题
 ---Do you know Jim quarrelled with his brother?
 ---I don't know, _____.
 A. nor don't I care  B. nor do I care  C. I don't care neither  D. I don't care also
答案:B. nor为增补意思"也不关心",因此句子应倒装。A错在用 don't 再次否定, C neither 用法不对且缺乏连词。 D缺乏连词。

  注意: 当so引出的句子用以对上文内容加以证实或肯定时,不可用倒装结构。意为"的确如此"。
  Tom asked me to go to play football and so I did.
  ---It's raining hard.   ---So it is.


 

 
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