19. Free play has been introduced in some Japanese kindergartens in order to
A) broaden children's horizon
B) cultivate children's creativity
C) lighten children's study load
D) enrich children's knowledge
20. Why do some Japanese parents send their children to university:based kindergartens?
A) They can do better in their future studies.
B) They can accumulate more group experience there.
C) They can be individually oriented when they grow up.
D) They can have better chances of getting a first-rate education.
Passage Three Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
Lead deposits, which accumulated in soil and snow during the 1960's and 70's, were primarily the result of leaded gasoline emissions originating in the United States. In the twenty years that the Clean Air Act has mandated unleaded gas use in the United States, the lead accumulation world-wide has decreased significantly.
A study published recently in the journal Nature shows that air-borne leaded gas emissions
from the United States were the leading contributor to the high concentration of lead in the snow in Greenland. The new study is a result of the continued research led by Dr. Charles Boutron, an
expert on the impact of heavy metals on the environment at the National Center for Scientific
Research in France. A study by Dr. Boutron published in 1991 showed that lead levels in arctic
(北极的 ) snow were declining.
In his new study, Dr. Boutron found the ratios of the different forms of lead in the leaded
gasoline used in the United States were different from the ratios of European, Asian and Canadian
gasolines and thus enabled scientists to differentiate ( 分区) the lead sources. The dominant lead
ratio found in Greenland snow matched that found in gasoline from the United States.
In a study published in the journal Ambio, scientists found that lead levels in soil in the North-
eastern United States had decreased markedly since the introduction of unleaded gasoline.
Many scientists had believed that the lead would stay in soil and snow for a longer period.
The authors of the Ambio study examined samples of the upper layers of soil taken from the
same sites of 30 forest floors in New England, New York and Pennsylvania in 1980 and in 1990.
The forest environment processed and redistributed the lead faster than the scientists had expected.
Scientists say both studies demonstrate that certain parts of the ecosystem (生态系统 ) re-
spond rapidly to reductions in atmospheric pollution, but that these findings should not be used as
a license to pollute.
21. The study published in the journal Nature indicates that
A) the Clean Air Act has not produced the desired results
B) lead deposits in arctic snow are on the increase
C) lead will stay in soil and snow longer than expected
D) the US is the major source of lead pollution in arctic snow
22. Lead accumulation worldwide decreased significantly after the use of unleaded gas in the US
A) was discouraged
B) was enforced by law
C) was prohibited by law
D) was introduced
23. How did scientists discover the source of lead pollution in Greenland?
A) By analyzing the data published in journals like Nature and Ambio.
B) By observing the lead accumulations in different parts of the arctic area.
C) By studying the chemical elements of soil and snow in Northeastern America.
D) By comparing the chemical compositions of leaded gasoline used in various countries.
24. The authors of the Ambio study have found that
A) forests get rid of lead pollution faster than expected
B) lead accumulations in forests are more difficult to deal with
C) lead deposits are widely distributed in the forests of the US
D) the upper layers of soil in forests are easily polluted by lead emissions
25. It can be inferred from the last paragraph that scientists
A) are puzzled by the mystery of forest pollution
B) feel relieved by the use of unleaded gasoline
C) still consider lead pollution a problem
D) lack sufficient means to combat lead pollution
Passage Four Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Exercise is one of the few factors with a positive role in long-term maintenance of body weight.Unfortunately, that message has not gotten through to the average American, who would rather try switching to "light" beer and low-calorie bread than increase physical exertion. The Centers for Disease Control, for example, found that fewer than one-fourth of overweight adults who were trying to shed pounds said they were combining exercise with their diet.
In rejecting exercise, some people may be discouraged too much by caloric-expenditure charts;for example, one would have to briskly walk three miles just to work off the 275 calories in one delicious Danish pastry (小甜饼). Even exercise professionals concede half a point here. "Exercise by itself is a very tough way to lose weight," says York Onnen, program director of the President's Council on Physical Fitness and Sports.
Still, exercise's supporting role in weight reduction is vital. A study at the Boston University
Medical Center of overweight police officers and other public employees confirmed that those
who dieted without exercise regained almost all their old weight, while those who worked exercise
into their daily routine maintained their new weight.
If you have been sedentary ( 极少活动的 ) and decide to start walking one mile a day, the
added exercise could burn an extra 100 calories daily. In a year's time, assuming no increase in
food intake, you could lose ten pounds. By increasing the distance of your walks gradually and
making other dietary adjustments, you may lose even more weight.
26. What is said about the average American in the passage?
A) They tend to exaggerate the healthful effect of "light" beer.
B) They usually ignore the effect of exercise on losing weight.
C) They prefer "light" beer and low-calorie bread to other drinks and food.
D) They know the factors that play a positive role in keeping down body weight.
27. Some people dislike exercise because
A) they think it is physically exhausting
B) they find it hard to exercise while on a diet
C) they don't think it possible to walk 3 miles every day
D) they find consulting caloric-expenditure charts troublesome
28. "Even exercise professionals concede half a point here" (Line 3, Para. 2) means "They
A) agree that the calories in a small piece of pastry can be difficult to work off by exercise
B) partially believe diet plays a supporting role in weight reduction
C) are not fully convinced that dieting can help maintain one's new weight
D) are not sufficiently informed of the positive role of exercise in losing weight
29. What was confirmed by the Boston University Medical Center's study?
A) Controlling one's calorie intake is more important than doing exercise.
B) Even occasional exercise can help reduce weight.
C) Weight reduction is impossible without exercise.
D) One could lose ten pounds in a year's time if there's no increase in food intake.
30. What is the author's purpose in writing this article?
A) To justify the study of the Boston University Medical Center.
B) To stress the importance of maintaining proper weight.
C) To support the statement made by York Onnen.
D) To show the most effective way to lose weight.
Part III Vocabulary (20 minutes)
Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part. For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
31. The machine looked like a large, ，old-fashioned typewriter.
32. Though she began her by singing in a local pop group,she is now a famous Hollywood movie star.
33. Within two weeks of arrival, all foreigners had to with the local police
34. Considering your salary, you should be able to at least twenty dollars a week.
A) put forward
B) put up
C) put out
D) put aside
35. As he has our pratience,we’ll not wait for him any longer.
36. These teachers try to be objective when they the integrated ability of their students
37. Mrs. Morris's daughter is pretty and ,and many girls envy her.
38. Tomorrow the mayor is to a group of Canadian businessmen on a tour of the city.
39. I'm enough to know it is going to be a very difficult situation to compete against three strong teams.
40. Can you give me even the clue as to where her son might be?
41. Norman Davis will be remembered by many with not only as a great scholar but also as a most delightful and faithful friend.
42. Salaries for positions seem to be higher than for permanent ones.
43. Most people agree that the present role of women has already affected U.S. society.
it has affected the traditional role of men.
A) Above all
B) In all
C) At most
D) At last
44. Science and technology have in important ways to the improvement of agricultural production.
45. As an actor he could communicate a whole of emotions.
46. This is what you should bear in mind: Don't a salary increase before you actually get it.
A) hang on
B) draw on
C) wait on
D) count on
47. The ship's generator broke down, and the pumps had to be operated instead of mechanically.
48. The little girl was so frightened that she just wouldn't her grip on my arm.
49. He never arrives on time and my is that he feels the meetings are useless.
50. Mrs. gmithwas so about everything that no servants could please her.
51. Last night he saw two dark enter the building,and then there was the explosion.
52. It is obvious that this new rule is applicable to everyone without
53. His temper and personalky show that he can become a soldier of the top
54. During the lecture, the speaker occasionally his point by relating his own experiences.
55. Only those who can to lose their money should make high-risk investments.
56, He found the media attention intolerable and decided to go abroad.
57. There has been a collision a number of cars on the main road to town.
58. elephants are difthrent from wild elephants in many aspects, including their tem-
59. Ten days ago the young man info~ed his boss of his intention to
60. As one of the world's highest paid models, she had her face. for five million dollars
Part IV Cloze (15 minutes)
Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) on the right side of the paper You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Wise buying is a positive way in which you can make your money go further. The 61 go about purchasing an article or a service can actually 62 you money or can add
63 the cost.
Take the 64 example of a hairdryer. If you are buying a hairdryer, you might 65
you are making the 66 buy if you choose one 67 look you like and which is also the cheapest 68 price. But when you get it home you may find that it 69 twice as long as a more expensive 70 to dry your hair. The cost of the electricity plus the cost of your time could well 71 your hairdryer the most expensive one of all.
So what principles should you 72 when you go out shopping?
If you_ 73 your home, your car or any valuable 74 in excellent condition, you'll be saving money in the long 75
Before you buy a new 76 , talk to someone who owns one.If you can,use it or borrow it to check it suits your particular 77 .
Before you buy an expensive 78 ,or a service,do check the price and 79 is on offer. If possible, choose 80 three items or three estimates.
61. A) form
62. A) save
63. A) up
64. A) easy
65. A) convince
66. A) proper
67. A) its
68. A) for
69. A) spends
70. A) mode
71. A) cause
72. A) adopt
74. A) products
75. A) run
76. A) appliance
77. A) function
78. A) component
79. A) what
80. A) of
Part V Writing (30 minutes)
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a campaign
speech in support of your election to the post of chairman of the
student union. You should write at least 120 words following the
outline given below in Chinese
A Campaign Speech
PartⅠ Listening Comprehension
1.D) The man used to own a car.
2.A) Tony should continue taking the course.
3.A) She has to study for the exam.
4.C) They will continue to exist along with on-line education.
5.B) Most students find a job by reading advertisements.
6.D) Finish his assignment.
7.C) Some of the students are not on the professor's list.
8.B) She's modest about her success in the contest.
9.C) Reading newspapers.
10.A) They shouldn't change their plan.
Section B Compound Dictation
S8. Equivalent German models tend to be heavier and slightly less easy to use.
S9. Similarly, it is smaller than most of its competitors, thus fitting easily into a pocket or a handbag.
S10. The only problem was the slight awkwardness in loading the film.
PartⅡ Reading Comprehension
11.A) shorten the duration of the illness
12.D) over-the-counter drugs can be taken to ease the misery caused by a cold or the flu
13.B) one should consult a doctor as soon as possible
14.B) A high temperature
15.A) are advised not to give them aspirin
16.C) Japanese preschool education emphasizes academic instruction
17.B) group experience
18.D) shaping children's character
19.C) lighten children's study load
20.D) They can have better chances of getting a first-rate education.
21.D) the US is the major source of lead pollution in arctic snow
22.B) was enforced by law
23.D) By comparing the chemical compositions of leaded gasoline used in various countries.
24.A) forests get rid of lead pollution faster than expected
25.C) still consider lead pollution a problem
26.B) They usually ignore the effect of exercise on losing weight.
27.A) they think it is physically exhausting
28.D) are not sufficiently informed of the positive role of exercise in losing weight
29.C) Weight reduction is impossible without exercise.
30.D) To show the most effective way to lose weight.
Part Ⅲ Vocabulary
34.D) put aside
43.A) Above all
46.D) count on
Part IV Close
Section A Listening Comprehension
1. Woman: You've sold your car. You don't need one?
Man: Not really. I've never liked drive anyway. Now we'd moved to a place near the subway entrance. We can get about quite conveniently.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
2. Man: I'm going to drop my Information Science class. It needs too early in the morning.
Woman: Is that really the good reason to drop the class, Tony?
Q: What does the woman mean?
3. W: If you aren't doing anything particular, shall we see the new play at the grand theater tonight?
M: Sounds great. But I've got to go over my notes for tomorrow's midterm.
Q: What does the woman imply?
4. M: What do you think of the prospects for online education? Is it going to replace the traditional school?
W: I doubt it. Schools are here to stay, because there are much more than just book learning. Even though more and more kids are going online, I believe fewer of them will quit school altogether.
Q: What does the woman think of the conventional schools?
5: M: How do most students find a job after they graduate?
W: They usually look for a job by searching the want ads in the newspapers.
Q: What does the woman mean?
6. M: Allen is in the basement trying to repair the washing machine.
W: Shouldn't he be working on his term paper?
Q: What does woman think Allen should do?
7. W: Professor Newman, a few of us at the back didn't get a copy of your reading assignment.
M: Well, there're only 38 names on my class list. And I didn't bring any spare copies.
Q: What do we learn from the conversation?
8. W: If you are referring to my winning the English speech contest, I don't think it's such a big deal. You know I've spent two summer vacations learning English in Canada.
Q: What do we learn about Li Ming from the conversation?
9. M: Would you pass me the sports section please?
W: Sure, if you give me the classified ads and local-news section.
Q: What are the speakers doing?
10. W: If the weather is this hot tomorrow, we may as well give up the idea of playing tennis in the afternoon.
M: Oh, I don't think it'll last long. The weather forecast says it will cloud over by mid-afternoon
Q: What does the man mean?
Section B Compound Dictation
There are a lot of good cameras available at the moment-most of these are made in Japan but there are also good (S1) quality models from Germany and the USA. We have (S2) investigated a range of different models to see which is the best (S3) value for money. After a number of different tests and interviews with people who are (S4) familiar with the different cameras being assessed, our researchers (S5) recommend the Olympic BY model as the best auto-focus camera available at the moment. It costs $200 although you may well want to spend more-(S6) perhaps as much as another $200-on buying (S7) additional lenses and other equipment. It is a good Japanese camera, easy to use. (S8) Equivalent German models tend to be heavier and slightly less easy to use, whereas the American versions are considerably more expensive.
The Olympic BY model weighs only 320 grams which is quite a bit less than other cameras of a similar type. Indeed one of the other models we looked at weighed almost twice as much. (S9) Similarly, it is smaller than most of its competitors, thus fitting easily into a pocket or a handbag. All the people we interviewed expressed almost total satisfaction with it. (S10) The only problem was the slight awkwardness in loading the film.