当前位置:旺旺英语 -> 试听频道 -> 大学英语 -> 大学四级英语考试听力 -> 2000年1月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案




20001月大学英语四级考试试题及参考答案

 

Part I                  Listening Comprehension                 (20 minutes)

Section A
Directions:
In this sectionyou will hear 10 short conversations.At the end of each conversationa question will be asked about what was said .Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once.After each question there will be a pause.During the pauseyou must read the four choices marked A)B)C) and D)and decide which is the best answer.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
Example:
You will hear:
You will read:
A) At the office.      
B) In the waiting room.
C) At the airport.     
D) In a restaurant.
From the conversation we know that the two were talking about some work they had to finish in the evening.This is most likely to have taken place at the office .Therefore
A) At the office is the best answer.You should chooseAon the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre.
Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D]

1.
A) The woman is close friend of the man. 
B) The woman has been w orking too hard.
C) The woman is seeing a doctor.         
D) The woman is tired of her work.

2.
A) This apple pie tastes very good.      
B) His mother likes the pie very much.
C) This pie can't match his mother's.    
D) His mother can't make apple pies.

3.
A) Take a walk.                          
B) Give a performance.
C) Listen to the music.                  
D) Dance to the music.

4.
A) Read an article on political science.
B) Present a different theory to the class.
C) Read more than one article.        
D) Choose a better article to read.

5.
A) The woman would understand if she did Mary's job.
B) The woman should do the typing for Mary.
C) The woman should work as hard as Mary.
D) The woman isn't a skillful typist.

6.
A) He wants to make an appointment with Mr.Smith.
B) He wants to make sure that Mr.Smith will see him.
C) He wants to change the time of the appointment.
D) He wants the woman to meet him at three o'clock.

7.
A) He gets nervous easily.             
B) He is an inexperienced speaker.
C) He is an awful speaker.               
D) He hasn't prepared his speech well.


A) She didn't like the books the man bought.
B) There wasn't a large selection at the bookstore.
C) The man bought a lot of books.
D) She wanted to see what the man bought.

9.
A) Buy a ticket for the ten o'clock flight.
B) Ask the man to change the ticket for her.
C) Go to the airport immediately.
D) Switch to a different flight.

10.
A) Dr.Lemon is waiting or a patient.
B) Dr.Lemon is busy at the moment.
C) Dr.Lemon has lost his patience.
D) Dr.Lemon has gone out to visit a patient.

Section B
Directions: In this section
you will hear 3 short passages .At the end of each passageyou will hear some questions.Both the passage and the questions will be spoken only once.After you hear a questionyou must choose the best answer from the four choices marked A)B)C) and D) .Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One
Questions 11 to 14 are based on the passage you have just heard.
11.
A) A car outside the supermarket.        
B) A car at the bottom of the hill.
C) Paul's car.                           
D) The sports car.

12.
A) inside the car.                       
B) At the foot of the hill.
C) In the garatge.                       
D) In the supermarket.

13.
A) The driver of the sports car.         
B) The two girls inside the car.
C) The bus driver.                       
D) Paul.

14.
A) Nobody.                               
B) The two girls.
C) The man standing nearby.             
D) The salesman from London.

Passage Two
Questions 15 to 17 are based on the passage you have just heard.
15.
A) His friend gave him the wrong key.
B) He didn't know where the back door was.
C) He couldn't find the key to his mailbox.
D) It was too dark to put the key in the lock.

16.
A) It was getting dark.
B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend.
C) The birds might have flown away.
D) His friend would arrive any time.

17.
A) He looked silly with only one leg inside the window.
B) He knew the policeman would't believe him.
C) The torch light made him look very foolish.
D) He realised that he had made a mistake.

Passage Three
Questions 18 to 20 are based on the passage you have just heard.
18.
A) The threat of poisonous desert animals and plants.
B) The exhaustion of energy resources.
C) The destruction of oil wells.
D) The spread of the black powder from the fires.

19.
A) The underground oil resources have not been affected.
B) Most of the desert animals and plants have managed to survive.
C) The oil lakes soon dried up and stopped evaporating.
D) The underground water resources have not been polluted.

20.
A) To restore the normal production of the oil wells.
B) To estimate the losses caused by the fires.
C) To remove the oil left in the desert.
D) To use the oil left in the oil lakes.

Part II            Reading Comprehension           (35 minutes)

Directions: There are 4 passages in this part.Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements.For each of them there are four choices marked A)B)C) and D) .You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

Passage One
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage:
    Unless we spend money to spot and prevent asteroids(
小行星)nowone might crash into Earth and destroy life as we know itsay some scientists.
    Asteroids are bigger versions of the meteoroids(
流星)that race acros s the night sky.Most orbit the sun far from Earth and don't threaten us.But th ere are also thousads whose orbits put them on a collision course with Earth.
    Buy $ 50 million worth of new telescopes right now.Then spend $ 10 million a year for the next 25 years to locate most of the space rocks.By the time we spot a fatal one
the scientists saywe'll have a way to change its course.
    Some scientists favor pushing asteroids off course with nuclear weapons.But the cost wouldn't be cheap.

    Is it worth it? Two things experts consider when judging any risk are: 1) How likely the event is; and 2) How bad the consequences if the event occurs.Experts think an asteroid big enough to destroy lots of life might strike Earth once eve ry 500
000 years.Sounds pretty rare-but if one did fallit would be the end of the world.If we don't take care of these big asteroidsthey'll take care of us,”says one scientist.It's that simple.”
    The cure
thoughmight be worse than the disease.Do we really want fleets of nuclear weapons sitting around on Earth?The world has less to fear from doomsday(毁灭性的) rocks than from a great nuclear fleet set against them,” said a New York Times article.

21. What does the passage say about asteroids and meteoroids?
A) They are heavenly bodies different in composition.
B) They are heavenly bodies similar in nature.
C) There are more asteroids than meteoroids.
D) Asteroids are more mysterious than meteoroids.

22. What do scientists say about the collision of an asteroid with Earth?
A) It is very unlikely but the danger exists.
B) Such a collision might occur once every 25 years.
C) Collisions of smaller asteroids with Earth occur more often than expected.
D) It's still too early to say whether such a collision might occur.

23. What do people think of the suggestion of using nuclear weapons to alter the course of asteroids?
A) It sounds practical but it may not solve the problem.
B) It may create more problems than it might solve.
C) It is a waste of money because a collision of asteroids with Earth is very
    unlikely.
D) Further research should be done before it is proved applicable.

24. We can conclude from the passage that ________.
A) while pushing asteroids off course nuclear weapons would destroy the world
B) asteroids racing across the night sky are likely to hit Earth in the near future
C) the worry about asteroids can be left to future generations since it is unlikely to happen in   our lifetime
D) workable solutions still have to be found to prevent a collision of asteroids with Earth

25. Which of the following best describes the author's tone in this passage?
A) Optimistic    
B) Critical    
C) Objective        
D) Arbitrary

Passage Two
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage:
    Believe it or not
optical illusion (错觉) can cut highway crashes.Japan is a case in  point.It has reduced automobile crashes on some roads by nea rly 75 percent using a simple optical illusion.Bent stripescalled chevrons (人字形)painted on the roads make drivers think that they are d riving faster than they really areand thus drivers slow down.Now the American Association Foundation for Traffic Safety in Washington D.C.is planning to rep eat Japan's success.Starting next year,the foundation will paint chevrons and other patterns of stripes on selected roads around the country to test how well the patterns reduce highway crashes.Excessive speed plays a major role role in as much as one fifth of all fatal traffic accidents,according to the foundation .To help reduce those accidentsthe foundation will conduct its tests in areas where speed - related hazards are the greatest - curvesexit slopestraffic c irclesand bridges.Some studies suggest that straighthorizontal bars painted across roads can initially cut the average speed of drivers in half.Howevertraffic often returns to full speed within months as drivers become used to seeing the painted bar.Chevronsscientists saynot only give drivers the impress ion that they are driving faster than they really are but also make a lane sppea r to be narrower.The result is a longer lasting reduction in highway speed and the number of traffic accidents.

26. The passage mainly discusses ________ .
A) a new way of highway speed control
B) a new pattern for painting highways
C) a new approach to training drivers
D) a new type of optical illusion

27. On roads painted with chevrons drivers tend to feel that ________ .
A) they should avoid speed - related hazards
B) they are driving in the wrong lane
C) they should slow down their speed
D) they are approaching the speed limit

28. The advantage of chevrons over straighthorizontal bars is that the former ________ .
A) can keep drivers awake
B) can cut road accidents in half
C) will have a longer effect on drivers
D) will look more attractive

29. The American Association Foundation for Traffic Safety plans to ________ .
A) try out the Japanese method in certain areas
B) change the road signs across the country
C) replace straight
horizontal bars with chevrons
D) repeat the Japanese road patterns

30. What does the author say about straighthorizontal bars painted across roads?
A) They are falling out of use in the United States.
B) They tend to be ignored by drivers in a short period of time.
C) They are applicable only on broad roads.
D) They cannot be applied successfully to traffic circles.

Passage Three
Questions 31 to 35 are based on the following passage:
    Amtrak(
美国铁路客运公司)was experiencing a downswing in ridership (客运量)along the lines comprising its rail system.Of major concern t o Amtrak and its advertising agency DDB Needhamwere the long - distance wester n routes where ridership had been declining significantly.At one timetrains w ere the only practical way to cross the vast areas of the west.Trains were fastver'luxuriousand quite convenient compared to other forms of transportation existing at the time.Howevertimes change and the automolile became America's standard of convenience.Alsoair travel had easily established itself as the fastest method of traveling great distances .Thereforethe task for DDB Needham was to encourage consumers to consider other aspects of train travel in order t o change their attitudes and increase the likelihood that trains would be consid ered for travel in the west.Two portions of the total market were targeted: 1) anxious fliers - those concermed with safetyrelaxationand cleanliness and 2) travel - lovers - those viewing themselves as relaxedcasualand interested in the travel ecperience as part of their vacation.The agency then developed a campaign that focused on travel experiences such as freedomescaperelaxationand enjoyment of the great western outdoors.It stressed experiences gained by u sing the trains and portrayed western train trips as wonderful adventures.Adver tisements showed pictures of the beautiful scenery that could be enjoyed along s ome of the more famous western routes and emphasized the romantic names of some of these trains(Empire Builderetc.).These ads were strategically placed among family - oriented TV shows and programs involving nature and America in order t o most effectively reach target audiences.Resultswere impressive.The Empire Bu ilder.Which was focused on in one ad.enjoyed a 15 percent increase in profits on its Chicago to Seattle route.

31. What's the author's purpose in writing this passage?
A) To show the inability of trains to compete with planes with respect to speed and convenience.
B) To stress the influence of the automobile on America's standard of convenience.
C) To emphasize the function of travel agencies in market promotion.
D) To illustrate the important role of persuasive communiation in changing consumer attitudes.

32. It can be inferred from the passage that the drop in Amtrak ridership was due to the fact that ________ .
A) trains were not suitable for short distance passenger transportation
B) trains were not the fastest and most convenient form of transportation
C) trains were not as fast and convenient as they used to be
D) trains could not compete with planes in terms of luxury and convenience

33. To encourage consumers to travel by trainDDB Needham emphasized ________ .
A) the freedom and convenience provided on trains
B) the practical aspests of travel
C) the adventurous aspects of train trips
D) the safety and cleanliness of train trips

34. The train ads were placed among family - oriented TV programs involving nature and America because ________ .
A) they could focus on meaningful travel experiences
B) they could increase the effectiveness of the TV programs
C) their profits could be increased by some 15 percent
D) most travel - lovers and nervous fliers were believed to be among the audiences

35. According to the passagethe Empire Builder enjoyed an increase in ridership and profits because ________ .
A) the attractiveness of its name and route was effectively advertised
B) it provided an exciting travel experience
C) its passengers could enjoy the great western outdoors
D) it was widely advertised in newspapers and magazines in Chicago and Seattle

Passage Four
Questions 36 to 40 are based on the following passage:
    Why does cream go bad faster than butter? Some researchers think they the answer
and it comes down to the structure of the foodnot its chemical composition - a finding that could help rid some processed foods of chemical preservatives.C ream and butter contain pretty much the same substancesso why cream should sou r muchfaster has been a mystery.Both are emulsions - tiny globules(小球)of one liquid evenly distributed throughout another.The difference lies in what's in the globules and what's in the surrounding liquidsays Brocklehurstwho led the investigation.In creamfatty globules and what's in the surround ing liquidsays Brocklehurstwho led the investigation.In creamfatty globul es drift about in a sea of water.In butterglobules of a watery solution are l ocked away in a sea of fat.The bacteria which make the food go bad prefer to li ve in the watery regions of the mixture.This means that in creamthe bacteria are free to grow throughout the mixture,”he says.When the situation is revers edthe bacteria are locked away in compartments (密封仓) buried deep in the sea of fat.Trapped in this wayindividual colonies cannot spread and rapidly run out of nutrients.They also slowly poison themselves with their wast e products.In butteryou get a self - limiting system which stops the bacteri a growing,”says Brocklehurst.The researchers are already working with food com panies keen to see if their products can be made resistant to bacterial attack t hrough alterations to the food's structure.Brocklehurst believes it will be pos sible to make the emulsions used in salad creamfor instancemore like that in butter.The key will be to do this while keeping the salad cream liquid and not turning it into a solid lump.

36. The significance of Brocklehurst's research is that ________ .
A) it suggested a way to keep some foods fresh without preservatives
B) it discovered tiny globules in both cream and butter
C) it revealed the secret of how bacteria multiply in cream and butter
D) it found that cream and butter share the same chemical composition

37. According to the researchers.cream sours faster than butter because bacteria ________ .
A) are more evenly distributed in cream
B) multiply more easily in cream than is butter
C) live on less fat in cream than in butter
D) produce less waste in cream t han in butter

38. According to Brocklehurstwe can keep cream fresh by ________ .
A) removing its fat                   
B) killing the bacteria
C) reducing its water content         
D) altering its structure

39. The wordcolonies(Line 2Para.4) refers to ________ .
A) tiny globules                       
B) watery regions
C) bacteria communities                
D) little compartments

40. Commercial application of the research finding will be possible if salad cream can be made resistant to bacterial attack ________ .
A) by varying its chemical composition 
B) by turning it into a solid lump
C) while keeping its structure unchanged
D) while retaining its liquid form

Part III                Vocabulary               (20 minutes)

Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A)B)C) and D) .Choose the ONE answer that best completes the sentence.Then mark the corresponding letter on the Anwer Sheet with a single line through the centre.

41. She ought to stop workshe has a headache because she ______ too long.
A) has been reading   
B) had read      
C) is reading     
D) read

42. Niagara Falls is a great tourist ______ drawing millions of visitors every year.
A) attention           
B) attraction    
C) appointment    
D) arrangement

43. I don't mind ______ the decision as long as it is not too late.
A) you to delay making             
B) your delaying making
C) your delaying to make           
D) you delay to make

44. The hopes goalsfears and desires widely ______ between men and womenbetween the rich
and the poor.
A) alter     
B) shift         
C) transfer     
D) vary

45. Corn originated in the New World and thus was not known in Europe until Columbus found it ______ in Cuba.
A) being cultivated    
B) been cultivated 
C) having cultivated 
D) cultivating

46. The sale usually takes place outside the house,with the audience _____ on bencheschairs or boxes.
A) having seated    
B) seating     
C) seated      
D) having been seated

47. This kind of glasses manufactured by experienced craftsmen ______ comfortably.
A) is worn   
B) wears 
C) wearing  
D) are worn

48. Some diseases are _____ by certain water animals.
A) transplanted        
B) transformed    
C) transported    
D) transmitted

49. Wouldn't you rather your child _______ to bed early?
A) go      
B) went      
C) would go      
D) goes

50. Although Anne is happy with her success she wonders _____ will happen to her private life.
A) that    
B) what    
C) it       
D) this

51. The words of his old teacher left a _____ impression on his mind.He is still influenced by them.
A) long    
B) lively  
C) lasting  
D) liberal

52. Mike's uncle insists ______ in this hotel.
A) staying not 
B) not to stay  
C) that he would not stay  
D) that he not stay

53. We agreed to accept ______ they thought was the best tourist guide.
A) whatever    
B) whomever     
C) whichever               
D) whoever

54. It is our ______ policy that we will achieve unity through peaceful means.
A) consistent  
B) continuous   
C) considerate             
D) continual

55. Between 1974 and 1997the number of overseas visitors expanded  ______ 27%.
A) by          
B) for          
C) to                      
D) in

56. Although many people view conflict as badconflict is sometimes useful it forces people to test the relative merits of their attitudes are behaviors.
A) by which    
B) to which     
C) in that                 
D) so that

57. He is ______ about his chances of winning a gold medal in the Olympics next year.
A) optimistic  
B) optional     
C) outstanding             
D) obvious

58. Sometimes I wish I ______ in a different time and a different place.
A) be living  
B) were living  
C) would live              
D) would have lived

59. The director was critical ______ the way we were doing the work.
A) at          
B) in           
C) of                
D) with

60. In a sudden ______ of angerthe man tore up everything within reach.
A) attack      
B) burst        
C) split            
D) blast

61. ______ she realized it was too late to go home.
A) No sooner it grew dark than       
B) Hardly did it grow dark that
C) Scarcely had it grown dark than   
D) It was not until dark that

62. In Britain people ______ four million tons of potatoes every year.
A) swallow     
B) dispose      
C) consume          
D) exhaust

63. I'd ______ his reputation with other farmers and business people in the communityand then make a decision about whether or not to approve a loan.
A) take into account  
B) account for    
C) make up for     
D) make out

64.It is essential that these application forms ______ back as early as possible.
A) must be sent
B) will be sent 
C) are sent     
D) be sent

65. She cooked the meat for a long time so as to make it ______ enough to eat.
A) mild        
B) slight       
C) light        
D) tender

66. We take our skin for granted until it is burned ______ repair.
A) beyond      
B) for          
C) without      
D) under

67. The computer revolution may ewll change society as ______ as did the Industrial Revolution.
A) certainly   
B) insignificantly  
C) fundamentally      
D) comparatively

68. ______ in this waythe situation doesn't seem so disappointing.
A) To look at  
B) Looking at       
C) Looked at          
D) To be looked at

69. A lot of ants are always invading my kitchen.They are a thorough ______ .
A) nuisance    
B) trouble          
C) worry              
D) anxiety

70. Some women ______ a good salary in a job instead of staying homebut they decided not to work for the sake of the family.
A) must make   
B) should have made 
C) would make         
D) could have made 

Part IV                         Cloze                     (15 min utes)

Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage.For each blank there are four choices marked A)B)C)and D) on the right side of the paper.You should choose the ONE that best fits into the passage.Then mark the corresponding letter onthe Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre.
   
    In a telephone survey of more than 2
000 adults21% said they believed the sun revolved (旋转)around the earth.An ___71___ 7% did not know which revolved around ___72___ I have no doubt that ___73___ all o f these people were ___74___ in school that the earth revolves arou n d the sun ___75___ may even have written it ___76___ at est.But they never ___77___ their incorrect mental models of planetary (行星的) ___78___ because their every day observations didn't support ___79___ their teachers told them: People see the sun “moving ___80___ the sky as morning turns to nightand the earth seems stationary (静止的) ___81___ that is happening.Students can learn the right answers ___82___ heart in classand yet never combined them ___83___ their working models of the world.The objectively correct answer the professor accepts and the ___84___ personal understanding of the world Can ___85___side by sideeach unaffected by the other.
    Outside of class
the student continues to use the ___86___ mod el be cause it has always worked well ___87___ that circumstance.Unless professors address ___88___ errors in students' personal models of the worldstudents are not ___89___ to replace them with the ___90___ one.

71.
A) excessive       
B) extra       
C) additional     
D) added

72.
A) what            
B) which       
C) that           
D) other

73.
A) virtually       
B) remarkably  
C) ideally        
D) preferably

74.
A) learned         
B) suggested   
C) taught         
D) advised

75.
A) those           
B) these       
C) who            
D) they

76.
A) on              
B) with        
C) under          
D) for

77.
A) formed          
B) altered     
C) believed       
D) thought

78.
A) operation       
B) position    
C) motion         
D) location

79.
A) how             
B) which       
C) that           
D) what

80.
A) around          
B) across      
C) on             
D) above

81.
A) since           
B) so          
C) while          
D) for

82.
A) to              
B) by          
C) in             
D) with

83.
A) with            
B) into        
C) to             
D) along

84.
A) adult's         
B) teacher's   
C) scientist's    
D) student's

85.
A) exist           
B) occur       
C) survive        
D) maintain

86.
A) private         
B) individual  
C) personal       
D) own

87.
A) in              
B) with        
C) on             
D) for

88.
A) general         
B) natural     
C) similar        
D) specific

89.
A) obliged         
B) likely      
C) probable       
D) partial

90.
A) perfect         
B) better      
C) reasonable     
D) correct

Part V                           Writing                       (30 minutes)

Directions: For this partyou are allowed thiety minutes to write a com position on the topic How I Finance my College Education.You should write at least 100 wordsand base your composition on the outlide (given in Chinese) below:

1, 上大学的费用(tuition and fees)可以通过多种途径解决。
2,
那种途径适合我(说明理由)

How I Finance My College Education

20001月大学英语四级考试参考答案

Part I Listening Comprehension

Section A
1.C) The woman is seeing a doctor.
2.A) This apple pie tastes very good.
3.D) Dance to the music.
4.C) Read more than one article.  
5.A) The woman would understand if she did Mary's job.
6.B) He wants to make sure that Mr.Smith will see him. 
7.B) He is an inexperienced speaker. 
8.C) The man bought a lot of books. 
9.D) Switch to a different flight.
10.B) Dr.Lemon is busy at the moment.

Section B
11.C) Paul's car
12.D) In the supermarket
13.A) The driver of the sports car
14.A) Nobody
15.A) His friend gave him the wrong key
16.B) He was afraid of being blamed by his friend
17.B) He knew the policeman would't believe him
18.D) The spread of the black powder from the fires
19.D) The underground water resources have not been polluted
20.C) To remove the oil left in the desert

Part II Reading Comprehension

21.B) They are heavenly bodies similar in nature
22.A) It is very unlikely but the danger exists
23.B) It may create more problems than it might solve
24.D) workable solutions still have to be found to prevent a collision of asteroids with Earth
25.C) Objective
26.A) a new way of highway speed control
27.C) they should slow down their speed
28.C) will have a longer effect on drivers
29.A) try out the Japanese method in certain areas
30.B) They tend to be ignored by drivers in a short period of time
31.D) To illustrate the important role of persuasive communiation in changing consumer attitudes
32.B) trains were not the fastest and most convenient form of transportation
33.C) the adventurous aspects of train trips
34.D) most travel - lovers and nervous fliers were believed to be among the audiences
35.A) the attractiveness of its name and route was effectively advertised
36.A) it suggested a way to keep some foods fresh without preservatives
37.B) multiply more easily in cream than is butter 
38.D) altering its structure
39.C) bacteria communities
40.D) while retaining its liquid form

Part III Vocabulary and Structure

41.A) has been reading
42.B) attraction
43.B) your delaying making
44.D) vary
45.A) being cultivated
46.C) seated 
47.B) wears
48.D) transmitted
49.B) went
50.B) what
51.C) lasting 
52.D) that he not stay
53.D) whoever
54.D) continual
55.A) by
56.C) in that
57.A) optimistic
58.B) were living
59.C) of
60.B) burst
61.D) It was not until dark that
62.C) consume
63.A) take into account
64.D) be sent 
65.D) tender
66.A) beyond
67.C) fundamentally  
68.C) Looked at
69.A) nuisance
70.D) could have made

Part IV Cloze

71.C) additional 
72.B) which
73.A) virtually
74.C) taught
75.D) they
76.A) on
77.B) altered
78.C) motion
79.D) what
80.B) across
81.C) while
82.B) with
83.A) with
84.D) student's
85.A) exist
86.C) personal  
87.A) general
88.D) specific
89.B) likely
90.D) correct

Part V Writing(略)