Part I Listening Comprehension (20 minutes) Section A Directions: In this section, you will hear 10 short conversations. At the end of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. Both the conversation and the question will be spoken only once. After each question there will be a pause. During the pause, you must read the four choices marked A), B), C) and D), and decide which is the best answer. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Example: you will hear: You will read: A) 2 hours. B) 3 hours. C) 4 hours. D) 5 hours. From the conversation we know that the two are talking about some work they will start at 9 o'clock in the morning and have to finish at 2 in the afternoon. Therefore, D) "5 hours" is the correct answer. You should choose ［D］ on the Answer Sheet and mark it with a single line through the centre. Sample Answer [A] [B] [C] [D] 1. A) The man thinks travelling by air is quite safe. B) The woman never travels by plane. C) Both speakers feel nervous when flying. D) The speakers feel sad about the serious loss of life. 2. A) At the information desk. B) In an office. C) In a restaurant. D) At a railway station. 3. A)Write the letter. B) Paint the shelf. C) Fix the shelf. D) look for the pen. 4. A) It gives a 30% discount to all customers. B) It is run by Mrs. Winter's husband. C) It hires Mrs. Winter as an adviser. D) It encourages husbands to shop on their own. 5. A) Long exposure to the sun. B) Lack of sleep. C) Too tight a hat. D) Long working hours. 6. A) His English is still poor after ten years in America. B) He doesn't mind speaking English with an accent. C) He doesn't like the way Americans speak. D) He speaks English as if he were a native speaker. 7. A) an auto mechanic. B) An electrician C) A carpenter. D) A telephone repairman. 8. A) They both enjoyed watching the game. B) The man thought the results were beyond their expectations. C) They both felt good about the results of the game. D) People were surprised at their winning the game. 9.A) Manager and employee. B) Salesman and customer. C) Guide and tourist. D) Professor and student. 10. A) Tom has arranged a surprise party for Lucy. B) Tom will keep the surprise party a secret. C) Tom and Lucy have no secrets from each other. D) Tom didn' t make any promise to Lucy. Section B Compound Dictation 注意：听力理解的B节(Section B)为复合式听写 (Compound Dictation)，题目在试卷二上，现在请取出试卷二。
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes) Directions: There are 4 reading passages in this part. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. Passage One Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage. Birds that are literally halfasleep--with one brain hemisphere alert and the other sleeping--control which side of the brain remains awake, according to a new study of sleeping ducks. Earlier studies have documented halfbrain sleep in a wide range of birds. The brain hemispheres take turns sinking into the sleep stage characterized by slow brain waves. The eye controlled by the sleeping hemisphere keeps shut, while the wakeful hemisphere's eye stays open and alert. Birds also can sleep with both hemispheres resting at once. Decades of studies of bird flocks led researchers to predict extra alertness in the more vulnerable, endoftherow sleepers. Sure enough, the end birdstended to watch carefully on the side away from their companions. Ducks in the inner spots showed no preference for gaze direction. Also, birds dozing(打盹) at the end of the line resorted to singlehemisphere sleep, rather than total relaxation, more often than inner ducks did. Rotating 16 birds through the positions in a four duck row, the researchers found outer birds halfasleep during some 32 percent of dozing time versus about 12 percent for birds in internal spots. "We believe this is the first evidence for an animal behaviorally controlling sleep and wakefulness simultaneously in different regions of the brain，"the researchers say. The results provide the best evidence for a longstanding supposition that singlehemisphere sleep evolved as creatures scanned for enemies. The preference for opening an eye on the lookout side could be widespread, he predicts. He's seen it in a pair of birds dozing sidebyside in the zoo and in a single pet bird sleeping by a mirror. The mirrorside eye closed as if the reflection were acompanion and the other eye stayed open. Useful as halfsleeping might be, it's only been found in birds and such water mammals(哺乳动物) as dolphins, whales, and seals. Perhaps keeping one side of the brain awake allows a sleeping animal to surface occasionally to avoid drowning. Studies of birds may offer unique insights into sleep. Jerome M. Siegel of the UCLA says he wonders if birds' halfbrain sleep "is just the tip of the iceberg(冰山)" He speculates that more examples may turn up when we take a closer look at other species. 11. A new study on birds' sleep has revealed that ________ . A) halfbrain sleep is found in a wide variety of birds B) halfbrain sleep is characterized by slow brain waves C) birds can control their halfbrain sleep consciously D) birds seldom sleep with the whole of their brain at rest 12. According to the passage, birds often half sleep because ________ . A) they have to watch out for possible attacks B) their brain hemispheres take turns to rest C) the two halves of their brain are differently structured D) they have to constantly keep an eye on their companions 13. The example of a bird sleeping in front of a mirror indicates that ________. A) the phenomenon of birds dozing in pairs is widespread B) birds prefer to sleep in pairs for the sake of security C) even an imagined companion gives the bird a sense of security D) a single pet bird enjoys seeing its own reflection in the mirror 14. While sleeping, some water mammals tend to keep half awake in order to ________ . A) alert themselves to the approaching enemy B) emerge from water now and then to breathe C) be sensitive to the everchanging environment D) avoid being swept away by rapid currents 15. By "just the tip of the iceberg"( Line 2, Para. 8), Siegel suggests that________ . A) halfbrain sleep has something to do with icy weather B) the mystery of halfbrain sleep is close to being solved C) most birds living in cold regions tend to be half sleepers D) halfbrain sleep is a phenomenon that could exist among other species Passage Two Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage. A nine year old schoolgirl singlehandedly cooks up a sciencefair experiment that ends up debunking(揭穿……的真相) a widely practiced medical treatment. Emily Rosa's target was a practice known as therapeutic(治疗的) touch (TT for short), whose advocates manipulate patients' "energy field"to make them feel better and even, say some, to cure them of various ills. Yet Emily's test shows that these energy fields can't be detected, even by trained TT practitioners (行医者). Obviously mindful of the publicity value of the situation, Journal editor George Lundberg appeared on TV to declare, "Age doesn't matter. It's good science that matters, and this is good science." Emily's mother Linda Rosa, a registered nurse, has been campaigning against TT for nearly a decade. Linda first thought about TT in the late '80s, when she learned it was on the approved list for continuing nursing education in Colorado. Its 100,000 trained practitioners (48,000 in the U. S.) don't even touch their patients. Instead, they waved their hands a few inches from the patient's body, pushing energy fields around until they' re in "balance." TT advocates say these manipulations can help heal wounds, relieve Pain and reduce fever. The claims are taken seriously enough that TT therapists are frequently hired by leading hospitals, at up to $ 70 an hour, to smooth patients' energy, sometimes during surgery. Yet Rosa could not find any evidence that it works. To provide such proof,TT therapists would have to sit down for independent testing--something they haven't been eager to do, even though James Randi has offered more than $1 million to anyone who can demonstrate the existence of a human energy field. (He's had one taker so far. She failed.) A skeptic might conclude that TT practitioners are afraid to lay their beliefs on the line. But who could turn down an innocentfourthgrader? Says Emily:"I think they didn't take me very seriously because I'm a kid." The experiment was straight forward: 21 TT therapists stuck their hands, palms up, through a screen. Emily held her own hand over one of theirsleft or rightand the practitioners had to say which hand it was. When the results were recorded, they'd done no better than they would have by simply guessing. If there was an energy field, they couldn't feel it. 16. Which of the following is evidence that TT is widely practiced? A) TT has been in existence for decades. B) Many patients were cured by therapeutic touch. C) TT therapists are often employed by leading hospitals. D) More than 100,000 people are undergoing TT treatment. 17. Very few TT practitioners responded to the $1 million offer because ________. A) they didn't take the offer seriously B) they didn't want to risk their career C) they were unwilling to reveal their secret D) they thought it was not in line with their practice 18. The purpose of Emily Rosa's experiment was ________. A) to see why TT could work the way it did B) to find out how TT cured patients' illnesses C) to test whether she could sense the human energy field D) to test whether a human energy field really existed 19. Why did some TT practitioners agree to be the subjects of Emil's experiment? A) It involved nothing more than mere guessing. B) They thought it was going to be a lot of fun. C) It was more straightforward than other experiments. D) They sensed no harm in a little girl's experiment. 20. What can we learn from the passage? A) Some widely accepted beliefs can be deceiving. B) Solid evidence weighs more than pure theories. C) Little children can be as clever as trained TT practitioners. D) The principle of TT is too profound to understand. Passage Three Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage. What might driving on an automated highway be like? The answer depends on what kind of system is ultimately adopted. Two distinct types are on the drawing board. The first is a specialpurpose lane system, in which certain lanes are reserved for automated vehicles. The second is a mixed traffic system: fully automated vehicles would share the road with partially automated or manual driven cars. A specialpurpose lane system would require more extensive physical modifications to existing highways, but it promises the greatest gains in freeway（高速公路）capacity. Under either scheme, the driver would specify the desired destination, furnishing this information to a computer in the car at the beginning of the trip or perhaps just before reaching the automated highway. If a mixed traffic system way was in place, automated driving could begin whenever the driver was on suitably equipped roads. If specialpurpose lanes were available, the car could enter them and join existing traffic in two different ways. One method would use a special onramp(入口引道). As the driver approached the point of entry for the highway, devices installed on the roadside would electronically check the vehicle to determine its destination and to ascertain that it had the proper automation equipment in good working order. Assuming it passed such tests, the driver would then be guided through a gate and toward an automated lane. In this case, the transition from manual to auto mated control would take place on the entrance ramp. An alternative technique could employ conventional lanes, which would be shared by automated and regular vehicles. The driver would steer onto the highway and move in normal fashion to a "transition'lane. The vehicle would then shift under computer control onto alane reserved for automated traffic. (The limitation of these lanes to automated traffic would, presumably, be well respected, because all trespassers(非法进入者) could be swiftly identified by authorities.) Either approach to joining a lane of automated traffic would harmonize the movement of newly entering vehicles with those already traveling. Automatic control here should allow for smooth merging without the usual uncertainties and potential for accidents. And once a vehicle had settled into autmated travel, the driverwould be free to release the wheel, open the morning paper or just relax. 21. We learn from the first paragraph that two systems of automated highways ________. A) are being planned B) are being modified C) are now in wide use D) are under construction 22. A specialpurpose lane system is probably advantageous in that ________. A) it would require only minor changes to existing highways B) it would achieve the greatest highway traffic efficiency C) it has a lane for both automated and partially automated vehicles D) it offers more lanes for automated vehicles 23. Which of the following is true about driving on an automated highway? A) Vehicles traveling on it are assigned different lanes according to their destinations. B) A car can join existing traffic any time in a mixed lane system. C)The driver should inform his car computer of his destination before driving onto it. D) The driver should share the automated lane with those of regular vehicles. 24. We know from the passage that a car can enter a specialpurpose lane________. A) by smoothly merging with cars on the conventional lane B) by way of a ramp with electronic control devices C) through a specially guarded gate D) after all trespassers are identified and removed 25. When driving in an automated lane, the driver ________. A) should harmonize with newly entering cars B) doesn't have to rely on his computer system C) should watch out for potential accidents D) doesn't have to hold on to the steering wheel Passage Four Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage. Taking charge of yourself involves putting to rest some very prevalent myths. At the top of the list is the notion that intelligence is measured by your ability to solve complex problems; to read, write and compute at certain levels;and to resolve abstract equations quickly. This vision of intelligence asserts formal education and bookish excellence as the true measures of selffulfillment. It encourages a kind of intellectual prejudice that has brought with it some discouraging results. We have come to believe that someone who has more educational merit badges, who is very good at some form of school discipline is"intelligent." Yet mental hospitals are filled with patients who have all of the properly lettered certificates. A truer indicator of intelligence is an effective, happy life lived each day and each present moment of every day. If you are happy, if you live each moment for everything it's worth, then you are an intelligent person. Problem solving is a useful help to your happiness, but if you know that given your inability to resolve a particular concern you can still choose happiness for yourself, or at a minimum refuse to choose unhappiness, then you are intelligent. You are intelligent because you have the ultimate weapon against the big N. B. D. --Nervous Break Down. "Intelligent'people do not have N.B.D.'s because they are in charge of themselves. They know how to choose happiness over depression, because they know how to deal with the problems of their lives. You can begin to think of yourselfas truly intelligent on the basis of how you choose to feel in the face of trying circumstances. The life struggles are pretty much the same for each of us. Every one who is involved with other humanbeings in any social context has similar difficulties. Disagreements, conflictsand compromises are a part of what it means to be human. Similarly, money, growing old,sickness, deaths, natural disasters and accidents are all events which present problems to virtually all human beings. But some people are able to make it, to avoid immobilizing depression and unhappiness despite such occurrences, while others collapse or have an N. B.D. Those who recognize problems as a human condition and don' t measure happiness by an absence of problems are the most intelligent kind of humans we know; also, the most rare. 26. According to the author, the conventional notion of intelligence measured in terms of one' s ability to read, write and compute ________. A) is a widely held but wrong concept B) will help eliminate intellectual prejudice C) is the root of all mental distress D) will contribute to one's selffulfillment 27. It is implied in the passage that holding a university degree ________. A) may result in one's inability to solve complex reallife problems B) does not indicate one's ability to write properly worded documents C) may make one mentally sick and physically weak D) does not mean that one is highly intelligent 28. The author thinks that an intelligent person knows ________. A) how to put up with some very prevalent myths B) how to find the best way to achieve success in tire C) how to avoid depression and make his life worthwhile D) how to persuade others to compromise 29. In the last paragraph, the author tells us that ________. A) difficulties are but part of everyone's life B) depression and unhappiness are unavoidable in life C) everybody should learn to avoid trying circumstances D) good feelings can contribute to eventual academic excellence 30. According to the passage, what kind of people are rare? A) Those who don't emphasize bookish excellence in their pursuit of happiness. B) Those who are aware of difficulties in life but know how to avoid unhappiness. C) Those who measure happiness by an absence of problems but seldom suffer from N. B. D. ' s. D) Those who are able to secure happiness though having to struggle against trying circumstances.
PartIII Vocabulary (20 minute) Directions: There are 30 incomplete sentences in this part.For each sentence there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D) . Choose the ONE that best completes the sentence. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the centre. 31. Starting with the ________ that there is life on the planet Mars, the seientst went on to develop his argument. A) premise B) pretext C) foundation D) presentation 32. After several nuclear disasters, a ________ has raged over the safety of nuclear energy. A) quarrel B) suspicion C) verdict D) controversy 33. Their diplomatic principles complely laid bare their ________ for world conquest. A) admiration B) ambition C) administration D)orientation 34. The director gave me his ________ that he would double my pay if I did my job well. A) warrant B) obligation C) assurance D) certainty 35. The Christmas tree was decorated with shining ________ such as colored lights and glass balls. A) ornaments B) luxuries C) exhibits D) complements 36. The two most important ________ in making a cake are flour and sugar . A) elements B) components C) ingredients D) constituents 37. Cultural ________ indicates that human beings hand their languages down from one generation to another. A) translation B) transition C) transmission D) transaction 38. We must look beyond ________ and assumptions and try to discover what is missing. A) justifications B) illusions C) manifestations D) specifications 39. No one imagined that the apparently ________ businessman was really a criminal. A) respective B) respectable C) respectful D) realistic 40. If nothing is done to protect the environment, millions of spedes that are alive today will have become ________ . A) deteriorated B) degenerated C) suppressed D) extinct 41. The ________ of the scientific attitude is that the human mind can suceeed in understanding the universe. A) essence B) texture C) content D) threshold 42. The old lady has developed a ________ cough which cannot be cured completely in a short time. A) perpetual B) permanent C) chronic D) sustained 43. What the correspondent sent us is an ________ news report. We can depend on it A) evident B) authentic C) ultimate D) immediate44. Having had her as a professor and adviser, I can tell you that she is an _______ force who pushes her students to excel far beyond their own expectations. A) inspirational B) educational C) excessive D) instantaneous 45. Some researchers feel that certain people have nervous systems particularly ______ to hot, dry winds. They are what we call weather sensitive people. A) subjective B) subordinate C) liable D) vulnerable 46. Hurricanes are killer winds, and their ________ power lies in the physical damage they can do. A) cumulative B) destructive C) turbulent D) prevalent 47. In some countries, students are expected to be quiet and ________ in the classroom. A) skeptical B) faithful C) obedient D) subsidiary 48. In spite of the ______economic forecasts, manufacturing output has risen slightly. A) gloomy B) miserable C) shadowy D) obscure 49. Body paint or face paint is used mostly by men in preliterate societies in order to attract good health or to _______ disease. A) set aside B) ward off C) shrug off D) give away 50. The international situation has been growing _____difficult for the last few years. A) invariably B) presumably C) increasingly D) dominantly 51. The prisoner was ______ of his civil liberty for three years. A) discharged B) derived C) deprived D) dispatched 52. Small farms and the lack of modern technology have ______ agricultural production. A) blundered B) tangled C) bewildered D) hampered 53. The Japanese scientists have found that scents ______ efficiency and reduce stress among office workers. A) enhance B) amplilf C) foster D) magnify 54. All the students have to ______to the rules and regulations of the school. A) confirm B) confront C) confine D) conform55. He ______ his head, wondering how to solve the problem A) scrapped B) screwed C) scraped D) scratched 56. As soon as the boy was able to earn his own living he ______ his parents' strict rules. A) defied B) refuted C) excluded D) vetoed 57. The helicopter a light plane and both pilots were killed. A) coincided with B) stumbled on C) tumbled to D) collided with 58. To ______ is to save and protect, to leave what we ourselves enjoy in such good condition that others may also share the enjoyment. A) conserve B) conceive C) convert D) contrive 59. Put on dark glasses or the sun will ______ you and you won' t be able to see. A) discern B) distort C) distract D) dazzle 60. In ______ times human beings did not travel for pleasure but to find a more favourable climate. A) prime B) primitive C) primary D) preliminary
Part IV Cloze ( 15 minutes) Directions: There are 20 blanks in the following passage. For each blank there are four choices marked A), B) C) and D) on the right side of the paper. You should choose the ONE with a single line through the centre. In the United States, the first day nursery, was opened in 1854. Nurseries were established in various areas during the 61 half of the 19th century; most of 62 were charitable. Both in Europe and in the U.S., the daynursery movemen t received great 63 during the First World War, when 64 of manpower caused the industrial employment of unprecedented(前所未有) numbers of women. In some European countries nurseries were established 65 in munitions(军火) plants, under direct government sponsorship. 66 the number of nurseries in the U.S. also rose 67 , this rise was accomplished without government aid of any kind. During the years following the First World War, 68 , federal,State, and local governments gradually began to exercise a measure of control 69 the day nurseries, chiefly by 70 them and by. The 71 of the Second World War was quickly followed by an increase in the number of day nurseries in almost all countries, as women were 72 called up on to replace men in the factories. On this 73 the U.S. government immediately came to the support of the nursery schools, 74 $ 6,000,000 in July, 1942,for a nurseryschool program for the children of working mothers. Many States and local communities 75 this Federal aid. By the end of the war, in August, 1945, more than 100,000 children were being cared 76 in daycare centers receiving Federal 77 . Soon afterward, the Federal government 78 cut down its expenditures for this purpose and later 79 them, causing a sharp drop in the number of nursery schools in operation. However, the expectation that most employed mothers would leave their 80 at the end of the war was only partly fulfilled. 61. A) latter C) other B) late D) first 62. A) those B) them C) whose D) imitation 63. A) impetus B) input C) imitation D) initiative 64. A) sources B) abundance C) shortage D) reduction 65. A) hardly B) entirely C) only D) even 66. A) Because B) As C) Since D) Although 67. A) unanimously B) sharply C) predominantly D) militantly 68. A) therefore B) consequently C) however D) moreover 69. A) over B) in C) at D) about 70. A) formulating B) labeling C) patenting D) licensing 71. A) outset B) outbreak C) breakthrough D) breakdown 72. A) again B) thus C) repeatedly D) yet 73. A) circumstance B) occasion C) case D) situation 74. A) regulating B) summoning C) allocating D) transferring 75. A) expanded B) facilitated C) supplemented D) compensated 76. A) by B) after C) of D) for 77. A) pensions B) subsidies C) revenues D) budgets 78. A) prevalently B) furiously C) statistically D) drastically 79. A) abolished B) diminished C) jeopardized D)precluded 80. A) nurseries B) homes C) jobs D) chidren
试卷二 Part ISection B Compound Dictation Directions: In this section, you will hear a passage three times 。When the passage is read for the first time, you should listen carefully for its general idea. When the passage is read for the second time, you are required to fill in the blanks numbered from S1 to S7 with the exact words you have just heard. For blanks numbered from S8 to S10 you are required to fill in the missing information. You can either use the exact words you have just heard or write down the main points in your own words. Finally, when the passage is read for the third time, you should check what you have written. The human body is a remarkable food processor. As an adult, you may consume(S1) a ton of food per year and still not gain or lose a pound of body weight. You are (S2) harnessing, and consuming energy through the intricate (S3) of your body in order to remain in energy balance. To (S4) a given body weight, your energy input must balance your energy output. However, sometimes the (S5) energy balance is upset, and your(S6) body weight will either fall or (S7) . The term body image refers to the mental image we have of our own physical appea rance, and (S8) . Research has revealed that about 40 percent of adult men and 55 percent of adult women are dissatisfied with their current body weight. (S9). Atthe college level, a study found that 85 percent of both male and female first year students desired to change their body weight. (S10) . Thinness is currently an attribute that females desire highly. Males generally desire muscularity. The vast majority of individuals who want to change their body weight do it for the sake of appearance: most want to lose excess body fat. while a smaller percentage of individuals actually want to gain weight.
2001年1月大学英语六级考试试题听力原文 Section A 1. W: Have you heard about the plane crash yesterday? It caused a hundred and twenty deaths. I am never at ease when taking a flight. M: Though we often hear about air crashes and serious casual deeds,flying is one of the safest ways to travel. Q: What do we learn from this conversation? 2. W: I have a complaint to make,Sir. I had waited ten minutes at the table before the waiter showed up,and I finally got served. And I found it was not what I ordered. M: I am terribly sorry,madam.It's a bit unusually busy tonight. As a compensation, your meal will be free. Q: Where does the conversation most probably take place? 3. M: I can't find my pen. I need to write a letter. W: I'll look for it later. Right now I need you to help fix the shelf before paint it. Q: What would they do first? 4. M: Mrs. Winter, I need your advice, I want to buy a dress for my wife, can you tell me where I can get one at a reasonable price? W: Sure, go to Richard's. It has the latest styles and gives a 30% discount to husbands who shop alone. Q: What do we know about Richard's shop? 5. M: My headaches are terribly. Maybe I need more sleep. W: Actually, you need less sun and some aspirin. It would help if you wear a hat. Q: What does the woman think is the cause of the man's headache? 6. M: Did you know this: after almost ten years in the United States, with such a strong accent. W: Yes, but he is proud of it. He says it is a part of his identity. Q: What does the conversation tell us about Mr. Li?Li still speaks English. 7. W: This is Mrs. Starched,my heater is not getting any power and weatherman says the temperature is to fall below zero tonight.Could you get someone to come over and fix it? M: This is the busiest time of the year, but I'll speak to one of our men about going over some time today. Q: Who did Mrs. Starched want to come over? 8. M: Though we didn't win the game, we were satisfied with our performance. W: You did a great job. You almost beat the world's champions. It's a real surprise to many people. Q: What do we learn from this conversation? 9. W: Sorry I did not come yesterday,because I had a temperature.Could you tell me the requirement for my term paper? M: The theme of your paper can be about business management or touring resources in China, and the length of the paper should be no less than fifteen pages. Q: What is the most probable relationship between the two speakers? 10. W: I don't think we should tell Tom about the surprising party for Lucy. M: It's all right. He promised not to tell, and he does not make promises likely. Q: What does the man mean?