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SECTION 1: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Spot Dictation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear a passage and read the same passage with
blanks in it. Fill in each of the blanks with the words you have heard on the tape. Write your
answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. Remember you will hear the
passage only once.
Building team spirit is always the focal point of what I have been trying to do as a manager.
When I first went to Crystal Palace, football players would ____________(1) and then go
straight home. There was ______________(2). So we brought in a pool table and fruit machines.
When _______________(3) choose to spend time together, it generates a better
atmosphere.____________(4) is very important, but I don't believe in trying to
_____________(5) as a team. I try to motivate them ___________(6). So I don't give team
talks. I speak to the players individually. And I try not to ___________(7). I believe that football
players perform best when they are relaxed. If they're ______________(8), I can guarantee they
won't play well in a game.
I also believe in _______________(9). I like all the people who work for me to be
autonomous; therefore, I_____________(10). I feel people should be judged
_______________(11). If they prove incompetent, then I'm incompetent if I ____________(12).
It's like that with the team. I get criticized for not interfering during a game and
_________(13). But I feel if I've chosen those eleven players to get a result, then I should
___________(14) to get on with it.
If I'm dropping a player from the team, I ________________(15) I have to explain it to
them. If they _______________(16), I'll say “ Come back and talk about it. ”
_______________(17) But I don’t try to re-motivate them. It's up to them to have the character
to ________(18). I'm a great believer that almost everything you achieve in life is (19). If I have
a football player who is magnificently gifted but has a stinking attitude, I won't
__________________(20).
Part B: Listening Comprehension
Directions: In this part of the test there will be some short talks and conversations. After each
one, you will be asked some questions. The talks, conversations and questions will be spoken
only once. Now listen carefully and choose the right answer to each question you have heard and
write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your ANSWER
BOOKLET.
Questions 1 to 5 are based on the following radio programme.
1. A. Arts. B. Maths.
C. Science and Technology. D. Social Sciences.
2. A. Three hours. B. 10 hours.
C. 15 hours. D. 16 hours.
3. A. He found it quite easy. B. He failed the exam.
C. He passed it only marginally. D. He was praised by the Dean.
4. A. Because he thinks that the fee would be too expensive.
B. Because he would have to economise.
C. Because it might be too demanding.
D. Because it is designed for younger people only.
5. A. It offers advice on how to go about choosing a career.
B. It criticises the educational system in Britain.
C. It evaluates degree courses at British universities.
D. It discusses educational opportunities for adults.
Questions 6 to 10 are based on the following news.
6. A. 95. B. 195.
C. 226. D. 251.
7. A. The military rule in the country.
B. The government's decision to privatize the banking sector.
C. The shortage of food at the detention centre.
D. The detention without trial.
8. A. When the plane was trying to take off.
B. When the plane was landing.
C. When the plane was flying across the Cuban-Ecuadorean border.
D. When the plane was caught in a storm.
9. A. Electronic commerce will replace traditional ways of doing business in 20 years' time.
B. Electronic commerce would only supplement traditional ways of doing businesses.
C. Electronic commerce is not suitable for their businesses.
D. Electronic commerce has to be improved to handle day-to-day transactions.
10. A. Violence is becoming worse over the past week.
B. Police used rubber bullets against against the looters.
C. Looting of ethnic Chinese houses is continuing.
D. Troops shot and killed hundreds of rioters.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following interview.
11. A. Nine years ago. B. Eight year ago.
C. In 1981. D. In 1991.
12. A. Networking. B. Business applications.
C. Games software. D. Electronic toys.
13. A. Four. B. Eight. C. Twelve. D. Fourteen.
14. A. Six months ago.
B. Last month.
C. Immediately after the founding of the company.
D. After setting up the distribution business.
15. A. Because they believed that it would succeed soon.
B. Because they didn't want people to think they were in trouble.
C. Because this division helped promote the sales of other products.
D. Because this division created useful connections in the business.
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following talk.
16. A. Both parents working with two or three children.
B. A working father, a housewife mother and a couple of children.
C. Married couples who decide not to have any children.
D. Adult children living with their parents.
17. A. High divorce rate.
B. Rapid economic growth.
C. Unemployment.
D. More women working outside she home.
18. A. 44.5%. B. 45.5%.
C. 54.5% D. 55.5%.
19. A. By allowing the employee to work on flextime.
B. By providing extra benefits for the employee's family.
C. By helping the employee's spouse to find a new job.
D. By setting up day-care centres.
20. A. Only some large companies have the mew policies listed in the talk.
B. The situation of modern working parents has been greatly improved by adopting these
policies.
C. These policies are very, very expensive to implement.
D. Some of these policies go against labour laws in the USA and Japan.
SECTION 2: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: In this section you will read several passages. Each one is followed by several
questions about it. You are to choose ONE best answer, (A), (B), (C) or (D), to each question.
Answer all the questions following each passage on the basis of what is stated of implied in that
passage and write the letter of the answer you have chosen in the corresponding space in your
ANSWER BOOKLET.
Questions 1~5
The Government claimed yesterday to have imposed a virtual moratorium on the
commercial growing of controversial genetically modified crops, but was rebuked by
environment and consumer groups who said it was allowing their go-ahead under cover of more
experiments. In a package of measures aimed to leave the door open to the powerful
biotechnology industry but also to reassure anxious consumers, environment minister Michael
Meacher said no commercial growing of the controversial crops would now be allowed before
autumn 1999.
But the Government will allow six farms to grow GM crops on a commercial basis under
strict ecological monitoring to establish the effects of widescale planting. The first crops are
expected to be oilseed rape, to be planted in August 1999 and harvested in July 2000. Until now
they have only been small-scale trials, without ecological monitoring. Mr. Meacher said further
commercial plantings will depend on the results of the monitoring. The Government will also
ban commercial growing of insect-resistant crops for three years.
“We are effectively declaring a moratorium,” said Mr. Meacher. “We must take the
precautionary approach. We may decide that we need extra time before we give any go-ahead for
widescale commercial planting.”
Giving evidence to the Lords select committee on the European Community, Mr. Meacher
and food safety minister Jeff Rooker, announced that the Government would also tighten up the
industry's self-regulatory system, bring in new advisers, lobby Europe for legal reform, and set
up a Cabinet sub committee drawing on ministers from four departments. Mr. Rooker said it
may also set up with supermarkets a surveillance system to monitor any unexpected health
effects of the crops, and convene a new ethics committee.
The measures were broadly welcomed by English Nature, the Government's wildlife
advisers, and the RSPB, both of whom had earlier called for a three-year moratorium.“It will
take three years of farm trials before we begin to understand the impact of these crops on
wildlife,”said Jonathan Curtoys of the RSPB. But environment, health and consumer watchdog
groups said the proposals were full of loopholes.“It is effectively an expansion of the industry.
The Government is relying on industry to monitor itself which always fails,”said Charles Secrett,
director of Friends of the Earth.
Patrick Holden of the Soil Association, Which represents organic farmers who fear that GM
crops will genetically pollute their produce, said the Government had caved into industry. “They
are saying that you cannot stop the arrival of these crops. It's terrible.”
Others welcomed the move to expand the remit of the scientific body that considers
applications from industry to release the crops. A virtually new panel will be asked to look at the
indirect and cumulative effects of the crops, and ecologists and wildlife scientists will be drafted
in.
A mew committee made up of farmers, industry and pressure groups will also be set up.
The promised Food Standards Agency is expected to take overall control of the crops' future
development, said Mr. Rooker.
1. It can be concluded from the passage that environment and consumer groups_________.
A. are in full support of the Government's decision on genetic crops
B. suggest that the measures put forward by the Government should be revised
C. hold that biotechnology industry will inevitably bring disaster to humanity
D. are very much concerned about the Government's new measures
2. The word “moratorium” used in the passage is closest in meaning to__________.
A. temporary delay. B. complete stoppage.
C. immediate action. D. strict prohibition.
3. The expression “loopholes” in the sentence “But environment, health and consumer
watchdog groups said the proposals were full of loopholes.”(para. 7) can be paraphrased as
which of the following?
A. Great negative effects. B. Grammatical errors.
C. Vague and inexact expressions. D. unnecessary repetitions.
4. Which of the following is NOT included in the measures suggested by the Government?
A. To strengthen the control of the industry's self-regulatory system.
B. To integrate Friends of the Earth and the Soil Association into one of the committees.
C. To establish a surveillance system with supermarkets to watch and check any harmful
effects of GM crops.
D. To set up a number of committees to study and take control of the future developments of
GM crops.
5. Which of the following is mainly discussed in the passage?
A. The development of biotechnology industry.
B. The protest of Friends of the Earth and the Soil Association.
C. The pollution of natural agricultural products.
D. The policy on the commercial planting of GM products.
Questions 6~10
UP TO NINE serving and retired police officers are acting as “supergrasses” to inform on
corrupt colleagues at Scotland Yard, it was revealed yesterday.
The huge scale of the corruption uncovered within the Metropolitan Police has resulted in
up to 300 convictions being re examined to discover whether innocent people have been
jailed.
Forty police officers have so far been suspended—including detectives from a witness
protection unit—and nine serving and former officers have been charged in connection with
drugs and money allegations.
In the largest anti-corruption drive for decades, about nine serving or retired officers have
become informants.
The bulk of the officers have com from the former South East Regional Crime Squad
(SERCS),which investigated major criminals, and the Flying Squad, the unit that targets armed
robbers.
Most of the so-called “supergrasses” have offered to inform on their colleagues in the
hope of receiving more lenient sentences for their own wrong-doings.
Among the informants are two former Flying Squad officers, and one detective constable
who was attached to the former SERCS, and was arrested in connection with illegal drug
activities.
As more officers are prepared to turn “informer” —in one case a detective is understood
to have named up to 30 fellow officers—the number of allegations of police corruption is
expected to rise sharply during the next few months.
As the inquiry by the specialist anti-corruption units CIB2 and CIB3 widens, a growing
number of officers are being suspended and charged in connection with offenses—including
drug dealing, taking bribes, robbery, tampering with evidence, and even helping out with
contract killings. Corrupt officers have made hundreds of thousands of pounds from their illegal
activities. Six officers from the Special Witness Protection Unit have been suspended following
allegations of“financial irregularities”, along with 17 from the Flying Squad unit based at Rigg
Approach in Walthamstow, east London, and four from the former South East Regional Crime
Squad.
The most senior officer so far to be suspended is a detective chief inspector. A woman
official of the Crown Prosecution Service has also been arrested by the Yard's anti-corruption
team over allegations involving the supplying of confidential information and sabotaging cases.
One consequence of the inquiries is the large number of previous cases that involved
suspected “bent” officers that could be over-turned on appeal.
A special Miscarriages of Justice Unit at Scotland Yard is examining about 300 cases
stretching back two decades. There are believed to be up to 10 men serving long jail sentences
because crooked detectives planted evidence against them. Once officers start being convicted,
dozens of convicted criminals are expected to appeal against their sentences.
The latest development in the anit-corruption investigations, revealed by senior police
sources, follows a pledge by Sir Paul Condon, the Commissioner of the Metropolitan police, to
stamp out wrong doing by his officers.
Sir Paul has estimated that up to 250 of his 27,000 strong force are corrupt.
A police source said that corruption was a “way of life” for the core of the suspected
officers—who are believed to total about 40.
6. The word “supergrasses” can be replaced by___________.
A. serving and retired police officers
B. corrupt officers from Scotland Yard
C. informants who are the victims of injustice
D. informants who themselves have committed wrong-doings
7. The expression “a way of life”(last paragraph) probably means_________.
A. a kind of ideal life B. a goal in one's life
C. an essential part of one's life D. a means to one's end
8. Which of the following is implied, but not directly stated, in the passage?
A. Without those police “informers”, many of the corruption cases may not be uncovered.
B. A number of people have been wrongly sentenced and jailed.
C. The current anti corruption drive is the biggest over the past decades.
D. The corruption cases vary and some corrupt officers have made a fortune.
9. It can be concluded that police corruption discussed in the passage mainly takes place
in_______.
A. Scotland B. London
C. the army D. the prison
10. Which of the following can be the best title for this passage?
A. The Impact of Anti-corruption Investigations
B. Police “Informers” Aiding Corruption Inquiry
C. The Growing of “Supergrasses” at Police Force
D. Corruption Spreading in Metropolitan police
Questions 11~15
Anonymity has its virtues. Think of the friend who performs a thoughtful deed in secret, or
the benefactor who insists that his name not appear on the building he funded.
But anonymity also comes with a darker side. Just ask the children who can't identify one
parent, either because their biological father was a nameless donor at a sperm bank or because
their genetic mother donated an egg to a surrogate-parenting program. For these offspring the
haunting question, “Who is my parent?” produces another anguished query: “Who am I?”
“Reproductive foundlings” is the phrase one British woman uses for those like herself
whose donor fathers remain unknown.
So serious is the issue that three weeks from today, on Nov.18, a children's charity in
Britain, Barnardo's, will hold a seminar in London to discuss the implications of donor-assisted
pregnancies. Its title: “Are we just creating children for parents? Are we ignoring the child's
identity and genetic needs?” Tessa Jowell, the British health minister, wants a position paper by
Christmas, outlining the pros and cons of ending donors' rights to anonymity.
The debate is long overdue. In Britain, about 2,000 births result from donor-assisted
pregnancies each year. In the United States, estimates put the figure above 30,000, but in an
unregulated industry, no one knows for sure.
Donor identity also ranks as a fledgling issue in the US. One sperm bank in California,
founded in 1983, is looking ahead to 2001, when the first babies born from its services will come
of age and perhaps begin seeking information about their fathers. The facility has formed an
“identity release task force” to create guidelines so the experience will “be respectful for all
involved.” It claims it is the first sperm bank in the world to the doing this.
Selecting a potential father can be alarmingly simple—as easy as logging onto the Internet
and scrolling through listings of sperm donors. One sample description: “Caucasian / Irish,
German, Slavic, fair skin, blond wavy hair, blue eyes, 5-ft. 11 in., 168 pounds, O positive blood
type.” Yet only 21 of the 44 donors listed on this Web page are willing to have their identity
released.
Another Web site offers similar information on potential mothers. It reads:“We are proud to
announce the arrival of our new Egg Donor Database on the Internet! Our database has color
photos and profiles of over 300 available Egg Donors.” It adds that “you can select specific
criteria such as eye color, educational background, and ethnic origin.”What could be simpler?
No one can minimize or trivialize the deep yearning for a child and the desire to create a
family by any means necessary. Yet reproductive technology represents a slippery slope. Caught
up in the “miracle” of being able to produce babies who otherwise would not have been born,
well meaning fertility specialists sometimes appear to forget that what is medically possible
may not always be ethically wise.
The genie is out of the bottle. For better of worse, Surrogate parenting is here to stay. The
only prudent solution lies in carefully regulating every phase.
In the same way that adoption, once shrouded in secrecy, is becoming an open subject,
surrogate arrangements must become more honest. Individuals are entitled to know their true
background knowledge that, when lovingly conveyed, need not diminish their relationship
with the parents who raise them.
11. the tone of the phrase of the phrase “reproductive foundlings”(parg.3) is one of________.
A. humour B. affirmation
C. indifference D. reproach
12. The sentence “The debate is long overdue.”(para.5) can be paraphrased as which of the
following?
A. The debate comes at the right time.
B. The debate should have started much earlier.
C. The debate should not be overlooked.
D. The debate is to continue for a long time.
13. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Not all the donor parents are prepared to release their identity.
B. Reproductive technology is against moral ethics and should be stopped.
C. People have the right to create a family by different means.
D. Adopted children and test tube children are facing the similar issue of anonymous
parents.
14. The metaphor “The genie is out of the bottle.” (para.10) is used to imply_________.
A. the benefits for test tube babies brought up on the bottle
B. the value of the contribution of sperm of egg donors
C. the necessity for regulating surrogate arrangements
D. both the positive and negative consequences of reproduction technology
15. Which of the following best expresses the main idea of the passage?
A. The great significance of being anonymous as a donor parent.
B. The direct relationship between anonymity and virtues.
C. The possible implications of donors' anonymous identity.
D. The positive arguments on donors' rights to anonymity.
Questions 16~20
IT will boldly sail where no ship has sailed before. The American space agency Nase is
drawing up plans to make the first trip to another star on the space age equivalent of the tea
clipper.
Scientists from the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL) in America believe aluminum sails may
be the only way to span the vast expanses of space that separate the stars. Rockets, the say,
would be too slow and unable to carry the enormous amounts of fuel needed .
Instead, the unmanned ship’s energy would come from a sun powered laser, focused on
the sail through an orbiting 60-ile diameter lens, to accelerate the ship to a tenth of the speed of
light—18,600 miles per second.
The fuelless craft's sails would harness the pressure exerted by light on whatever it hits.
Although it would be only a small force, the absence of friction in space would cause the ship's
velocity to increase steadily.
Despite its eventual speed, interstellar distances are so great that it would still take the craft
40 years to reach the sun's nearest neighbour, Alpha Centauri, 26 trillion miles away.
“If the human race wants to go to the stars, there is just one technique that uses known
physics, and this is it,” said Dr. Robert Forward, a solar sail pioneer and space flight consultant
who advised the JPL team.
Reaching Alpha Centauri would be every bit as significant as putting a man on the moon. A
wealth of information would be revealed to help scientists tackle many of the puzzles of the
universe.
Very high speeds, far in excess of anything mankind has achieved so far, would be vital if
the journey is to be made within a human lifetime.
The idea was first proposed by Russian scientists in the 1920s and has been explored
several times since the start of the start of the space race. However, only now with
nanotechnology that has enabled the weight of the sail to be reduced can scientists consider it
seriously for interstellar travel.
To make a beam that could cross the distance to the destination star, sunlight would have to
be converted into powerful laser light and focused using a giant, orbiting lens 60 miles in
diameter.
For a few years at the start and finish of the mission, this light would be aimed at the half
mile wide sail which would carry a minimal payload of micro-electronic detectors, transmitters,
computers and self-repair systems embedded in its centre.
The proposal was welcomed by Dr. Richard Taylor, who as a member of a team of experts
from the British Interplanetary Society made a feasibility study of a solar sail to propel an
interstellar spacecraft no bigger than a beer can—dubbed “Project Heineken” as it was
intended to reach the parts of the parts of the galaxy that other spacecraft could not reach..
Taylor said his group concluded five years ago that the idea was a non-runner:“We could
demonstrate that it was technically possible, but the cost would be immense.”
JPL is also evaluating a proposal to use solar sails of just on metre in diameter, put forward
by a British scientist, Dr. Colin Jack.
“There's no doubt solar sailing is a feasible technology and harnessing light pressure is a
perfectly valid method of space craft propulsion.” said Jack..
Another British scientist, Dr. Steve Temple of Cambridge, who helped develop a more
modest vessel to take part in a race to Mars in 1992,believes technical problems would make the
concept useless for reaching another star. “A solar sail is an exciting and realistic way of getting
around the solar system, but the idea of using it to send a piece of tin foil off to the next star
leaves me rather cold.” he said.
16. According to the passage, Alpha Centauri is__________.
A. a star within the solar system
B. the smallest star in the Galaxy
C. the only star we can reach
D. the star closest to the solar system
17. Which of the following best expresses the meaning of the clause “the idea was a
non-runner” (para.13)?
A. Solar-sailing technology was essential to space travel.
B. Interstellar travel by solar sailing was unrealistic.
C. Solar-sailing was a pioneering adventure in space exploration.
D. Flying to other stars was considered a beautiful dream.
18. It is implied, but not directly stated in the passage that to reach other stars, an interstellar
spacecraft.
A. must travel at a high speed
B. must be made of light material
C. cannot simply travel on the fuel as a rocket does
D. may not travel without the use of solar energy
19. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. British scientists have different views towards solar sailing.
B. Laser technology is essential to interstellar travelling.
C. The function of solar sail is to collect sunlight and convert it into laser light to prople a
spacecraft.
D. The design of an interstellar spacecraft has been completed and it will be launched soon.
20. What do we know about Dr. Steve Temple's view on space travel from the passage?
A. Technical issues have been already settled for interstellar travel.
B. It is almost impossible to travel to other stars through solar sails.
C. Technical problems for interstellar travels will never be solved.
D. Travelling around the solar system is comparatively easy and simple.
SECTION 3: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
A major source of anxiety about the future of the family is rooted not so much in reality as
in the tension between the idealized expectation in the culture and the reality itself. Nostalgia for
a lost family tradition, which, in fact, never existed, has prejudiced our understanding of the
conditions of families in contemporary society. Thus, the current anxiety over the fate of the
family reflects not only problems in the family but also a variety of fears about other social
problems that are eventually projected onto the family.
The real problem facing American families today are not symptoms of breakdown as is
often suggested; rather, they reflect the difficulties of adaptation to recent social changes,
particularly to the loss of diversity in household membership, to the reduction of the variety of
family functions and, to some extent, to the weakening of the family adaptability. The
idealization of the family as a refuge from the world and the myth that the work of mothers is
harmful has added considerable strain. The continuous emphasis on the family as a universal
private retreat and as an continuous haven is misguided in light of historical experience.