当前位置:旺旺英语 -> 试听频道 -> 英语口语 -> 高级口译真题及答案 -> 97.3b上海英语高级口译资格证书第一阶段考试


SECTION 4: LISTENING TEST (30 minutes)
Part A: Note-taking And Gap-filling
Directions: In this part of the test you will hear a short talk. You will hear the talk only once.
While listening to the talk, you may take notes on the important points so that you can have
enough information to complete a gap-filling task on your ANSWER BOOKLET afterwards.
You are required to write ONE word or figure only in each blank:
In the past fifty years the invention of ______(1) devices and appliances has made
housework much easier. Among these devices and appliances are _______(2) cleaners, electric
irons, washing machines, and some others. Probably the most important piece of ________(3)
equipment which has been widely used in the last twenty years is the _______(4). Washing up
by hand is not only _______(5) but also extremely boring. Dishwashers are of different sizes and
________(6). Their capacity ranges from six to ______(7) placesettings. After the dishwasher is
plumbed into the mains __________(8) supply, all you have to do is to load dirty dishes, glasses
and ____________(9) into the machine, pour in some special _____________(10), close the
door and _____________(11) it on. The machine will wash almost everything except the large
___________(12) and dishes with scraps of ___________(13) food. It also __________(14) the
plates and glasses with its own heat. If your dishwasher is ___________(15) or larger, probably
you need to wash up only ______________(16) a day. Of course this means you have to have
___________(17) dishes, glasses and cutlery to last three or four ___________(18). Remember
that dishwashers can be quite ________________(19), so you may prefer to use the machine just
once a day, preferably _____________(20) thing at night.
Part B: Listening and Translation
Ⅰ. Sentence Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 5 English sentences. You will hear the sentences
only once. After you have heard each sentence, translate in into Chinese and write your version
in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
(3)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(4)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
(5)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
Ⅱ. Passage Translation
Directions: In this part of the test, you will hear 2 passages. You will hear the passage only once.
After you have heard each passage, translate it into Chinese and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET. You may take notes while you are listening.
(1)___________________________________________________________________________
____________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________
(2)___________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
_____________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________
SECTION 5: READING TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Read the following passage and then answer IN COMPLETE SENTENCES the
questions which follow each passage. Use only information from the passage you have just read
and write your answer in the corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
Question 1~3
BRITISH Telecom has been thwarted in its attempt to cut telephone links to a South
American city that is operating a sex chatline service in Britain.
Direct dialing services to Georgetown, Guyana, were due to be suspended after the
One-to-One Contacts company ignored an ultimatum from BT to close down.
But the chatline company, which is based in Dublin, Manchester and Guyana, has secured an
injunction from the High Court to prevent the threatened action taking place. The matter will be
resolved before a judge at a full hearing later this month. A preliminary hearing due yesterday
was postponed until Friday.
The One-to-One Contacts service, which is advertised in the national press, breaches the
strict guidelines set down by ICSTIS, the information line watchdog, because of the sexual
nature of the calls.
The company does not use British 0898 numbers. Callers from Britain are directed to ring
telephone numbers in the Virgin Isles. and then given Guyanan number for the chatline service,
ringing up pounds in international calls in the process. The countries of origin were not stated in
the advertisements.
BT wanted to end the services, but because of the relatively unsophisticated routing
between Britain and Guyana, it could not isolate the 52 numbers involved. The company told
Guyana Telecom and Telephones that it would block direct dialling from Britain to every number
in Georgetown, the capital, if the recorded sex lines were not put out of business. But the
chatline company claimed that BT acted unfairly.
A High Court judge has granted an injunction preventing BT from taking action until he can
hear both sides of the story.
The chatline company broke industry rules by advertising a sex line outside top-shelf
publications--in the Daily and Sunday Sport newspapers.
A BT spokeswoman explained: "The stop on IDD calls to Georgetown would have lasted
two or three days while we found ways to block the relevant numbers. In the meantime, calls to
other numbers would have been put through the operator at international direct dialling costs."
1. Why does the British Telecom plan to end the One-to-One Contacts service?
2. Introduce briefly in your own words the practice of the One-to-One Contacts company.
3. Why didn't the British Telecom cut the chatline service immediately?
Question 4~6
Summer is coming, and woe is you. You'd like to bake in the blazing sun and get a deep,
dark tan. but worries about skin cancer may keep you indoors. Tanning salons are an alternative,
but they're awfully expensive (and so artificial). What to do? Before long you may be able to
acquire the perfect tan from the inside of your body out. No sun or sunlamps will be needed.
Researchers at the University of Arizona have discovered a synthetic peptide hormone that
stimulates certain skin cells to produce melanin, a pigment that darkens the skin and protects it
from ultraviolet radiation. The hormone could be useful not only in acquiring a tan but also in
preventing aging of the skin. In addition, it might help to cure vitiligo--a disease that causes a
progressive depigmentation of the skin and afflicts 1 to 2 percent of the world's population.
The hormone, which the Arizona researchers have dubbed Melano-Tan, is a chemical
variation (or analog) of the melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) that some animals, such as
frogs or chameleons, secrete from their pituitary glands, causing them to change color. It was
discovered as part of a U.S. government-sponsored study of ways of reverse or cure vitiligo. "In
the process of these studies," says Mac Hadley, an endocrinologist at the University of Arizona,
"we discovered that if this molecule was delivered across the skin of a certain strain of mice, the
skin would turn dark brown. And not just where we placed the chemical, but all over." What's
more, says Hadley, another research center has just demonstrated that the hormone will cause in
vitro human skin to tan as well, "which is pretty close to saying this product will work."
If Melano-Tan becomes commercially available--and a large American pharmaceutical
company is now funding studies toward that end--it could be taken orally or applied topically.
After application. it would enter the bloodstream and systematically tan the entire body.
Depending on the concentration, initial tanning would begin in two or three days and a dark,
uniform tan could be achieved within two weeks. When the hormone is no longer applied, the
tanned skin could be peeled off. There are already tanning pills on the market, such as French
Bronze Tablets (with carotene), but Hadley dismisses them as "gimmicks" that merely dye the
skin unevenly, like Easter eggs.
According to Hadley, Melano-Tan could lower the incidence of skin cancer by allowing
fair-skinned people to tan before going out in the sun. It could also help those who suffer from
vitiligo or hyperpigmentation, and those who are allergic to sun screens.
4. What are the disadvantages of tanning in the sun or in a tanning salon?
5. In what other ways can the synthetic peptide hormone be useful to people apart from
acquiring a tan?
6. How will the hormone work when taken orally or applied topically?
Questions 7~10
IF VITAMIN C is good for you, does more mean better? Millions of people think so but
scientists have been divided on the issue. Despite a huge research effort, there is little evidence
that megadoses of vitamin C, up to 100 times the recommended daily amounts, have beneficial
effects.
Now an American scientist has come up with an explanation of the lack of effect--and a
simple remedy. Millions of Americans take supplements of the vitamin in the belief that its
anti-oxidant properties help prevent heart disease, cancer and the ageing process. Most of it,
however, goes straight down the pan: the body cannot deal with excess vitamin C, which is
rapidly excreted. Even large doses are eliminated in 12 hours and slow-release ones in 16.
The way to keep blood levels of the vitamin continuously high, according to Roc Ordman,
Professor of Biochemistry at Beloit College, Wisconsin, is to take it twice a day--one 500
milligram does every 12 hours.
"If vitamin C really does work as an antioxidant, then taking a supplement once a day might
be like wearing a condom half the time." Professor Ordman said. "Nobody has ever thought to
look at how much you have to take to keep the level elevated."
In a study published in the current issue of the gerontology journal Age, Professor Ordman
gave varying doses of vitamin C at different times to students and measured the amount excreted
in their urine. He found a 500 mg dose was needed every 12 hours "to enrich the blood just
enough to ensure there is a little bit leaking out all the time." This compares with the
US-recommended adult daily allowance of 60 mgs.
Recommended levels of vitamin C, and other vitamins, have been raised following
recognition of their role in mopping up "free radicals" in the blood linked with a range of
diseases. However, the British figure of 40 mgs daily for vitamin C is still below the U.S. figure
and likely to be raised again.
Research on megadoses of vitamin C of 10 and 20 times this level have shown it to have
some protective effect against the common cold taken at the first sign. But there is no evidence
of a beneficial effect against other diseases of doses vastly higher than the recommended daily
amounts.
LINUS PAULING, the Nobel Laureate, whose book on vitamin C and the common cold in
1970 popularised the idea of taking fistfuls of supplements, is said to have swallowed 10,000
mgs a day. It is because it is water-soluble and quickly excreted that vitamin C is safe in such
quantities; it does not build up in the tissues.
Professor Ordman's twice-daily regime may help keep blood levels of the vitamin high. But
dosing on the scale followed by Pauling, who died last August aged 93, will seriously damage
your bank balance--at $ 2,500 a year.
7. What do you know about Professor Ordman's view towards vitamin C from the passage?
8. Why was the Nobel Prize winner Linus Pauling mentioned in the passage?
9. Explain in your town words the sentence from paragraph 2 "Most of it, however, goes straight
down the pan".
10. What is concluded about effects of megadoses of vitamin C in the passage?
SECTION 6: TRANSLATION TEST (30 minutes)
Directions: Translate the following passage into English and write your version in the
corresponding space in your ANSWER BOOKLET.
1995 年10 月,黄浦江上又一座大桥凌空飞架,将浦南与奉贤连接起来,成为继徐浦、
南浦、杨浦三座大桥之后建成通车的第四座大桥——奉浦大桥。
奉浦大桥是首座由地方筹资兴建的黄浦江大桥,奉贤县与市区有关部门和企业共同集
资4.46 亿元,仅用1年零7 个月的时间即胜利建成。大桥的建成解决了长期困扰奉贤与浦
南地区的过江问题,同时还改善了该地区的投资环境,为杭州湾北岸的开发、建设打下了
良好的基础。
金秋10 月的黄浦江畔,徐浦、南浦、杨浦、奉浦四座大桥沐浴着金秋阳光,各显神
姿,交相辉映,为上海这座充满生机与魅力的国际大都市增添了更加夺目的风采。不久的
将来,上海还将建造更多的过江设施,把浦江两岸更紧密地连结在一起。