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1.Assail v.攻击 同:assault
The enemy may assail our defense positions tomorrow.

2.Barrier n.界线 同:hindrance
Countries can no longer depend on mountain barriers for protection.

3.Burglar n.夜贼 同:thief
A burglar broke into my house last night.

4.Devour v.吞灭 同:gulp
The fire devoured twenty square miles of forest.

5.Dreary adj.阴沉的 同:gloomy
It was a dreary day, cold and without sunshine.

6.Fling v.投掷 同:cast
Boys like to fling stones into water.

7.Homage n.尊崇 同:reverence
He bowed in homage to the Unknown Soldier.

8.Inescapable adj.不可避免的 同:unavoidable
Death is inescapable; it comes to everyone.

9.Radical adj. 1.基本的 同:fundamental 2.极端的
There are radical differences between the two systems.
His ideas are too radical to be acceptable to most people.

10.Shiver v.颤抖 同:quiver
The boys and girls were shivering all over with cold.

11.Sly adj.狡猾的 同:crafty
The sly cat stole the meat while the cook’s back was turned.

12.Stall n.畜舍 同:stable
Each horse was put in a separate stall.

13.Vanquish v.征服 同:overcome
At first she shivered from her fear but at last she could vanquish it.

14.Clumsy adj.笨拙的 反:skillful
He asked me such a clumsy question that I did not know what to reply.

15.Conservative adj.保守的 反:progressive
Old people are usually more conservative than young people.

16.Exhale v.呼气 反:inhale
He lit his pipe and exhaled clouds of smoke.

17.Homely adj.不漂亮的 反:pretty
I was very disappointed to see her sister; she was a homely girl.

18.Indefinite adj.不确定的 反:definite
“Maybe” or “perhaps” is a very indefinite answer.

19.Obedient adj.顺从的 反:disobedient
The obedient dog quickly responded to his master’s whistle.

20.Precise adj.精确的 反:approximate
He gave a precise account of how much money he had spent.

21.Rational adj.理智的 反:irrational
When people are very angry. They seldom act in a rational way.

22.Rigid adj.严格的 反:mild
In our home it is a rigid rule to wash one’s hands before eating.

23.Timid adj.胆小的 反:bold
A timid child is apt to cry when he sees a strange person.

24.Vertical adj.垂直的 反:horizontal
A vertical take-off aircraft can rise straight from the ground, without running along for some distance.

25.Wholesome adj.有益的 反:harmful
Such a movie is not wholesome for young children.

26.Abandon v.离弃
He abandoned his wife and went away with all their money.

27.Barbarian n.野蛮人
People who behave like barbarians are not welcome at this hotel.

28.Essence n.精髓;本质
The essence of his religious teaching is love for all men.

29.Harmony n.协调;和睦
My cat and dog never fight; they live together in perfect harmony.

30.Indulge v.放任
He indulged his desire for cigarettes to a harmful extent.

31.Intrude v.侵扰;闯入
I was unwilling to intrude upon them so late at night.

32.Modify v. 1.修改 2.修饰
The company modified the design of the automobile in order to make it more attractive.
In the phrase ”a green hat”, the adjective “green” modifies the noun “hat”.

33.Oppress v.压迫
A good government will not oppress the people.

34.Proficient adj.精通的
His mother is very proficient in music.

35.Sequence n.顺序
The books should be arranged in sequence according to author.

36.Suburb n.市郊
They would rather live in the suburbs than in the city.

37.Summary n.摘要
This history book has a summary at the end of each chapter.

38.Vacancy n.空缺
There are many vacancies in the parking lot when the stores are closed.

39.Alley n.巷
The truck was too large to pass through the alley.

40.Apologize v.道歉
I apologized to her for stepping on her foot.

41.Dairy n.牛奶棚
We could see lots of milk products in the dairy.

42.Discern v.辨认
I was not able to discern the road in the dark.

43.Jaw n.颚
The meat was so tough that his jaws hurt from chewing it.

44.Limp v.跛行
After falling down the stairs, he limped for several days.

45.Pillar n.柱子
The roof of the porch was supported by brick pillars.

46.Potential adj.可能的;潜在的
He is regarded as a potential leader of our political party.

47.Refrigerator n.电冰箱
In summer we have to keep milk and meat in the refrigerator.

48.Skull n.头盖骨
He was knocked unconscious by a sudden blow on the skull.

49.Strategy n.战略
Tactics refers to the disposition of armed forces in combat whereas strategy refers to the overall plan of a nation at war.

50.Trench n.战壕
The soldiers dug trenches to protect themselves against enemy fire or attack.

51.Undertake v. 1.担任 2.尝试
I will undertake the responsibility of feeding your dogs while you are away.
He always undertakes more than he can do.


1.Don’t _____ your clothes on the floor; hang them up.
2.Asudden gust of cold wind made us _____.
3.A(An) _____ woman wouldn’t weep just because her husband had forgotten her birthday.
4.The directions he gave us were so _____ that we found our way easily.
5.He does not like his job ,but he is too _____ to try to find another.
6.The industrial revolution _____ the whole structure of English society.
7.In our factory we’ve got a(an) _____ for a metal worker; all the other positions are filled.
8.Please keep the numbered cards in _____; don’t mix them up.
9.When there are many conflicting opinions,it is hard to _____ the truth.
10.His strong square _____ is a sign of his firm character.

1. fling 2. shiver 3. rational 4.precise 5. timid
6. modified 7.vacancy 8. sequence 9. discern 10. jaw